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Strategic Planning for LED A Five Stage Process . Stage 1 Introduction to LED and Organizing for LED . Local Economic and Social Development. What is LED?

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strategic planning for led a five stage process

Strategic Planning for LEDA Five Stage Process

Stage 1Introduction to LED and Organizing for LED

local economic and social development
Local Economic and Social Development
  • What is LED?
  • “The purpose of local economic development (LED) is to build up the economic capacity of a local community to improve its future and the quality of life for all”.
  • “It is a process by which public, business and nongovernmental sector partners work collectively to create better conditions for economic growth and employment generation.”
local economic development some misconceptions
Local Economic DevelopmentSome Misconceptions
  • It isn't rocket science
  • It isn’t all about high-tech
  • It is relevant for small and medium, as well as large communities, rural and urban
  • It is inclusive, collaborative and competitive
  • It is practical, involves all who want to play and is rewarding
key drivers of change
Key Drivers of Change
  • Globalization
  • Economic
  • Technology
  • Political
  • Governmental
  • Regulatory
economic drivers of change global
Economic Drivers of ChangeGlobal
  • Cost of oil
  • The impact of global strategic alliances between multi-nationals
  • The oversupply of manufacturing production in key global sectors
  • Increasingly mobile capital
  • The changing employment dynamic to service sectors
  • Environment
technology drivers of change
Technology Drivers of Change
  • Technology advances and increases in efficiency
  • Logistical advances and reduced cost of transport
  • No national boundaries to Internet e-commerce
  • Importance of information services and IT to all sectors
political governmental regulatory drivers of change
Political, Governmental, Regulatory Drivers of Change
  • Falling trade barriers/opening the economy
  • Impact of global environmental and labour standards
  • Impact of regional trade groups and regional integration
  • Privatization of industry (Limited in Syria)
  • Decentralization of governmental services
strategic planning for led overview a 5 stages process
Strategic Planning for LED OverviewA 5 Stages Process
  • Stage 1: Organizing
  • Stage 2: Local Economy Assessment
  • Stage 3: Strategy Making
  • Stage 4: Strategy Implementation
  • Stage 5: Strategy Review

We will cover stages 1 to 3 in two sessions

stage 1 organizing
Stage 1Organizing
  • Step 1: Establisha Municipal staff team
  • Step 2: Establish political support within


  • Step 3: Develop a stakeholder partnership group
  • Step 4: Develop systems to work with other tiers of government (local/regional/national)
  • Step 5: Consider the appropriate type of organization

to develop and implement LED strategies and


stage 2 local economy assessment
Stage 2Local EconomyAssessment
  • Step 1: Undertake a review of business regulations and procedures in Municipality
  • Step 2: Identify the types of data to be collectedStep3: Undertake an audit of available data
  • Step 4: Undertake the local economy assessment
  • Step 5: Analyze the data and produce a local economy profile
stage 3 strategy making
Stage 3StrategyMaking
  • Step 1: Create a Vision
  • Step 2: Establish Goals – Identify priority areas of action to meet the vision Step3: Develop Objectives - Timebound and measurable to ensure that goals are met
  • Step 4: Develop Programs - Address the objective and consists of several individual projects
  • Step 5: Select Projects – Specific initiatives that

implemented collectively, fulfill the program

stage 4 strategy implementation
Stage 4Strategy Implementation
  • Step1: Prepare an overall annual LED implementation plan
  • Step 2: Prepare individual project action plans
  • Step 3: Build institutional frameworks for LED
  • Step 4: Ensure relevant inputs are available
  • Step 5: Carry out projects tasks
stage 5 strategy review
Stage 5Strategy Review
  • Step 1: What? Why? When?
  • Step 2: Monitoring
  • Step 3: Evaluation
  • Step4: Institutional Arrangements
  • Step5: Strategy Review and the Planning Process
stage 1 organizing15
Stage 1Organizing

Step 1

Establish a Municipal Staff Team

stage 1 organizing16
Stage 1Organizing

Establish a Municipal Staff Team

  • Identify all relevant departments and establish a LED interdepartmental team
  • Undertake a diagnostic of staff skills and experiences and identify gaps
  • Determine appropriate budgets for staffing, training, office set-up and LED strategy development
  • Establish staff management structures
stage 1 organizing17
Stage 1Organizing

Establish a Municipal Staff Team

  • Individuals with economic, financial, community and technical skills
  • Local municipal officials e.g., urban planners, lawyers, engineers, architects, financial, property and environmental experts etc.
  • Multi-disciplinary teams that can work across departmental lines
stage 1 organizing18
Stage 1Organizing

Establish a Municipal Staff Team

  • Leadership should be provided by the Mayor and/ or chief local government officer
  • Municipal leadership should have the authority and respect to unite local government departments and all stakeholders to support the staff team
  • Will require effective strategic and political leadership that can bring legitimacy, credibility and commitment to the team
stage 1 organizing19
Stage 1Organizing

Determine where the LED team will be established in the

Municipal Government

In the Chief Executive’s or Mayor’s Office:

  • Advantage of visibility and ‘weight’ of the most senior staff to support it
  • Likely to have a higher profile, and exhibit more of a policy and facilitation focus
  • Maybe able to help guarantee coordination with other municipal departments
stage 1 organizing20
Stage 1Organizing

Determine where the LED team will be established in the

Municipal Government

In a functional Department:

  • In a functional department such as Land and Property Registration or Urban Planning
  • LED could potentially be subverted to supporting the major discipline of the department
stage 1 organizing21
Stage 1Organizing

Step 2

Establish Political Support within Municipality

stage 1 organizing the effort
Stage 1Organizing the Effort

Step 2: Establish Political Support

  • Establish a LED group that consists of members of the council
  • Develop accountable political mechanisms and reporting systems within local government for council member decision making
  • Undertake an information needs assessment for elected members to understand LED
stage 1 organizing23
Stage 1Organizing

Step 3

Develop A Stakeholder Partnership Group

stage 1 organizing24
Stage 1Organizing

Why Stakeholder Involvement?

  • Stakeholders from out with the main public sector agencies can provide a fresh perspective on LED activity and approach
  • May link local communities into the decision-making process and widen local involvement, understanding and support for LED
stage 1 organizing25
Stage 1Organizing

Public Sector Stakeholders

  • Local governments
  • National and state governments
  • Provincial and regional governments
  • Health authorities and public transport authorities
  • Colleges and universities
  • Education boards/ authorities
  • State owned enterprises
stage 1 organizing26
Stage 1Organizing

Private Sector Stakeholders

  • Chambers of Commerce
  • Private Businesses
  • Small Business/ Trade Associations
  • Utilities and Banks
  • Trade and Professional Associations
  • SME representatives
  • Private developers
  • New media
stage 1 organizing27
Stage 1Organizing

Community/ Voluntary Sector Stakeholders

  • Individuals
  • Religious and youth groups
  • Neighborhood groups
  • Environmental groups
  • Historic societies; cultural and arts groups
  • Educational groups
stage 1 organizing28
Stage 1Organizing

Establishing a Stakeholder Steering/ Liaison Group

  • Set up a steering group
  • Establish terms of reference
  • Arrange regular meetings
  • Establish reporting structures
  • Formalize the system later
  • Determine what other stakeholder structures are needed and their purpose
stage 1 organizing29
Stage 1Organizing

Maintaining Stakeholder Participation

  • Include stakeholders on relevant committees and subcommittees, and include them in the strategy making process
  • Phone/ meet stakeholders on a regular basis both formally and informally
  • Survey stakeholders and act on results
  • Call focus group meetings and hold scheduled stakeholder meetings (at least 4 a year)
stage 1 organizing30
Stage 1Organizing

Step 4

Working with Other Tiers of Government

stage 1 organizing31
Stage 1Organizing

Working with Other Tiers of Government

  • Liaise formally/ informally with other tiers of government
  • Identify areas of mutual LED interest with other local, regional and national levels of government
  • Inform other tiers of government of your LED activities and invite feedback and liaison
  • Include representatives of different tiers of government on relevant committees/ subcommittees
  • Ensure open and transparent processes to build trust amongst government partners
stage 1 organizing32
Stage 1Organizing

Step 5

Consider the Appropriate Type of Organization to Develop LED Strategies and projects

stage 1 organizing33
Stage 1Organizing

Types of LED Organization

  • Public-private-community arms length group
  • Public-public
  • Not-for-profit
  • Chamber of Commerce/business association
  • Private
  • Community-based LED organization
  • Local Economic Development Agency (LEDA)
stage 1 organizing34
Stage 1Organizing

Step 5: Consider the Appropriate Type of Organization to Develop LED Strategies and Projects an LED Agency

  • The ‘Agency’ approach has the potential for improved coordination and synergy with different governmental and non-governmental entities
  • A LEDA can provide a more sustainable organizational framework by avoiding interruptions caused by political processes