The Civil War & Reconstruction. Disagreement over future of Slavery States’ rights over centralized Federal power Breakdown in party politics Cultural and economic differences b/w North and South. Causes of the Civil War.
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Dec. 20, 1860-Feb. 1, 1861: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas
February 1, 1861: Delegates from 7 seceded states meet in Montgomery, AL and draft the Constitution of the Confederate States of America (CSA)
February 18, 1861: CSA elect Jefferson Davis of Miss. as president
April-May 1861: Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas secede
7 of 8 American military colleges located in South, CSA assembles army
North has naval superiority
April 1861: Confederate forces fire on U.S. Fort Sumter in S. Carolina
Union sends ships to blockade southern ports on Atlantic Ocean, gun boats down the Mississippi River to divide the South in twoThe South Secedes
As death toll rises, North begins to favor ending slavery to punish South
September 22, 1862: Lincoln issues proclamation saying all slaves in states at war with the Union to be freed after January 1, 1863
War now seen not as war to preserve Union, but as war of liberationEmancipation Proclamation