What happens to a dream deferred?Does it dry uplike a raisin in the sun?Or fester like a sore—And then run?Does it stink like rotten meat?Or crust and sugar over—like a syrupy sweet?Maybe it just sagslike a heavy load.Or does it explode? Langston Hughes Rwanda Presentations
Imperialism and Indirect Rule European African
German Loss and Treaty of Versailles Treaty of Versailles Germany
Not King Yuhi1896-1931 No to being Catholic
King Mutara1931-1959 Yes to being Catholic but a Rwandan for Rwandans. Enough of this Hutu Tutsi division
King Kegeli1959-1960 I am the last Tutsi to remain in power
GregoireKayibanda 1960-1973 I am the first Hutu President of Rwanda. I was not in Night of the Living Dead. GregoireKayibanda Night of the Living Dead
Juvenal Habyarimana 1975-1994 Leader of the MRND Removes Kayibanda from power Northwest Hutu Pressured by the United Nations to resolve the Hutu and Tutsi division Dies in plane crash
Hutu Groups Hutu Parmehutu: Created in 1957 with help of Christian missionaries. Creates Hutu Manifesto suggesting a governmental change. This is the first Hutu group to gain power. MRND: Controls Rwandan politics by removing Kayibanda from power. Group led by Habyarimana and in power until the genocide was stopped by the RPF. CDR: 1990 Hutu right organization believing no peace with Tutsi can ever be made. Educated and training of Interhamwe. InterhamweMilitia group consisting of young adults. Responsible for killings on the ground. FAR: Rwandan armed forces was the Rwandan military. Trained by Belgium and France.
Tutsi Groups Tutsi RANU: Created in 1979 by exiled Tutsis trying to return to Rwanda. Group created in Uganda. Rwandan alliance for national unity in Uganda. Group consists of intellectuals. RPA: Rwandan Patriotic Army. A Tutsi army in Uganda that wants to return to Rwanda after being kicked out of Rwanda in 1959. RPF: Rwandan Patriotic Front created when RANU and RPA merge. The same organization to attack Rwanda in the early 90s. Credited for ending the genocide and removing Hutus from power.
Burundi Double Genocide Thesis Rwanda early 70 controlled by Hutu. Burundi controlled by Tutsi Burundi kills 200,000 Hutus in Burundi in 1972. Angering the Hutus in RWanda
Rwandan Civil War 1990-1993 Attack by the RPF Led by Paul Kagame Dream: Return to Rwanda Attack from Uganda Ends with the signing of Arusha Accords
UNAMIR I and UNAMIR II • United Nations attempt to bring peace to Rwanda after the civil war • End tension between Hutu and Tutsis • Led by
Romeo Dallaire My job is to make the Hutu and Tutsi love each other.
Madame Agathe Female prime minister after MR. H plane crash
ThéonesteBagosora Established Interhamwe Military officer Assumed power of Rwanda after Madame Agathe was assassinated Refused to stop the killing of Tutsis until the RPF stopped attacking Rwanda
Paul Kagame • Leader of RPF • Uses RPF to attack Rwanda in 1990. Why? He wanted the exiled Tutsis to return to Rwanda. • Current President of Rwanda Paul Kagame
Arusha Accords • Peace discussion negotiated to stop the civil war in Rwanda • Why was there a civil war? The RPF attacked Rwanda in 1990. Why? To allow exiled Tutsis an opportunity to return to Rwanda. • Arusha Accords wanted to end the Hutu and Tutsi division by sharing political power
Operation Turquoise • France’s solution to stop the genocide involved sending French troops • Wait France was aligned with the Rwandan Hutu government • French troops arrived June 20th of 1994