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BIO-FUELS. Guilherme Leite da Silva Dias Joaquim José Martins Guilhoto Department of Economics, FEA University of São Paulo. Unsustainable growth cycle?. Unsustainable growth cycle?. Unsustainable growth cycle?. Unsustainable growth cycle?. Unsustainable growth cycle?. Biofuels & Food.

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bio fuels

BIO-FUELS

Guilherme Leite da Silva Dias

Joaquim José Martins Guilhoto

Department of Economics, FEA

University of São Paulo

slide7

Biofuels & Food

Gás

Petróleo

Carvão

Nuclear

Hídrica

Biomassa

A oferta de energia cresceu vinte vezes entre 1850 e 2000.Combustíveis fósseis representavam 80 por cento do total em 2000 (Holdren,2007)

slide12

Is there a common ground for biofuels ?

Rising Food Costs

Global Warming

Energy Crisis

…different answers from different countries …..

slide13

How much should be paid for the raw material of a bio-fuel?

Answer depends on the country`s liquid fuel price policy

slide14

How much should be paid for the raw material of a bio-fuel?

July 2007, in Germany:

Pump average price of diesel was US$ 1,62 per liter (current exchange rate)

Assuming that the highest share for vegetable oil cost is 72% of pump price in order to warrant a good profit for industry and retailer,

Highest price paid for soybean oil should be US$ 1,27 per kg. (0,92 kg of vegetable oil for 1 liter of biodiesel).

US$ 1270 per metric ton of vegetable oil is not far from the future price in CBOT soon after the northern hemisphere harvest.

source of data
Source of Data
  • OECD Input-Output Matrices
countries years
Countries & Years
  • Argentina - 1997
  • Brazil - 2000
  • China - 2000
  • India – 1998/99
  • USA - 2000
  • France - 2000
  • Germany - 2000
  • Japan - 2000
international trade
International Trade

Bilateral Trade Agreements,

seems to be more adequate than a multilateral approach.