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World Bank in the Pacific. Participation in ADB Youth Employment, Self Employment and Sustainable Development in the Pacific and Timor-Leste. Why the World Bank. Objective: reducing poverty

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world bank in the pacific

World Bank in the Pacific

Participation in ADB Youth Employment, Self Employment and Sustainable Development in the Pacific and Timor-Leste

why the world bank
Why the World Bank
  • Objective: reducing poverty
  • Can bring global ideas, evidence and technical knowledge, as well as finance, to assist countries meet development challenges – countries are our clients
  • Challenges in the Pacific –
    • High proportion of youth population facing limited formal sector employment opportunities
    • mismatch of skills available to those demanded by labour markets at home and abroad
    • quality of basic education
what is the world bank doing
What is the World Bank doing?
  • Education Sector Support – Tonga, Timor-Leste
  • Second Chance Education – PNG, Timor-Leste; study on civil society provision of SCE in Solomon Islands, PNG, Vanuatu
  • Diagnostic and support to joint action to improve basic education quality:
    • Early Grade Reading Assessment (Timor-Leste, Tonga, Vanuatu, PNG – in future in Solomon Islands and Samoa – with ADB, NZ, AusAID)
    • Early Grade Numeracy Assessment (Timor-Leste +)
labour market note in the pacific
Labour Market Note in the Pacific:
  • Aims to develop a clearer picture of labor market outcomes and their determinants. - Analyzing existing evidence (including SPC HIES) to compare education outcomes with labor market demand
  • Comparing employment and labor force participation rates was challenging…
  • Thanks to SPC for sharing data
labor market note key findings 1
Labor Market Note: Key Findings 1
  • Labor market outcomes are unlikely to improve unless countries boost the quality of education at all levels to ensure that workers can meet the needs of employers – and both cognitive and behavioral skills will be critical.
  • As well as improved skills, it is important that workers have expectations for employment that are commensurate with their skills as well as the motivation to engage in productive work.
labor market note key findings 2
Labor Market Note: Key Findings 2
  • Additional information and analysis are needed to understand the specific needs of the private sector, identify skills gaps, and how education systems can best address gaps.
    • Includes more frequent good-quality data collection; testing on cognitive and non-cognitive abilities at multiple levels of education; and formal employer surveys.
  • This information will help focus action on areas needed to improve labor market outcomes.
questions ideas for discussion
Questions/ ideas for discussion
  • Broadening the TVET agenda – what labor market outcomes do countries seek –
    • What is the national skills strategy/ list of priorities
    • Domestic/ External Labor Market opportunities
    • What information is currently available/ needed
    • How can all stakeholders contribute – including private sector and communities
    • What is the best role for government considering limited resources and capacity
    • What policies, programs, reforms, will enable these outcomes
    • How do countries make use of donors in achieving their skills strategy goals