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Poetry Terms. Mrs. Bolger 2014. A. Types of poems. 1. Free verse. Poetry that does not rhyme or follow a predictable pattern. 2. Persona poem. Poet becomes someone/something else. 3. Apostrophe poem. Speaker of poem addresses something not living. 4. narrative/ballad poem.

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poetry terms

Poetry Terms

Mrs. Bolger 2014

1 free verse
1. Free verse
  • Poetry that does not rhyme or follow a predictable pattern
2 persona poem
2. Persona poem
  • Poet becomes someone/something else
3 apostrophe poem
3. Apostrophe poem
  • Speaker of poem addresses something not living
4 narrative ballad poem
4. narrative/ballad poem
  • Poem tells a story
5 imagist poem
5. Imagist poem
  • A snapshot of a moment in time
6 lyric poem
6. Lyric poem
  • Poem expresses strong emotions
7 dramatic poem
7. Dramatic poem
  • Characters talk
8 concrete poem
8. Concrete poem
  • A poem that takes the shape of the subject
9 ode
9. ode
  • Poetic form in which one describes how/why someone/something is to be revered (loved)
10 clerihew
10. Clerihew
  • Poetic form of 4 lines with an AABB rhyme scheme about a famous person, often humorous
11 limerick
11. limerick
  • Poetic form of 5 lines with an AABBA rhyme scheme that is often humorous
12 haiku
12. Haiku
  • Japanese style poem of 3 lines and 17 syllables (5-7-5) usually about nature
13 line
13. line
  • A horizontal group of words in a poem, like a sentence
14 stanza
14. stanza
  • A vertical group of lines of a poem, like a paragraph
15 line break
15. Line break
  • Where a line ends
16 speaker
16. speaker
  • The person/thing in a poem who is expressing an idea
17 mood
17. mood
  • The feeling associated with a poem, such as happy, angry, hopeful, etc.
18 poetic license
18. Poetic license
  • Creating new words, sometimes by combining existing words
19 inversion
19. inversion
  • Changing the usual order of words
20 imagery
20. imagery
  • Creating a picture with words through sensory details
21 connotation
21. connotation
  • Emotional associations of words
22 denotation
22. denotation
  • The literal meaning of words (dictionary definition)
23 simile
23. simile
  • Comparing 2 unlike things with like or as
24 metaphor
24. Metaphor
  • Comparing 2 unlike things without like or as
25 personification
25. personification
  • Something nonhuman is given human qualities
26 onomatopoeia
26. onomatopoeia
  • Words that make the sound of their action/definition
27 alliteration
27. alliteration
  • Repeating initial consonant sound
28 refrain
28. refrain
  • Repeating line/phrase at same place in each stanza
29 rhyme rhyme scheme
29. Rhyme/rhyme scheme
  • Repeating the same sound in 2+ words (boy/toy); a set pattern of rhyme throughout a poem
30 rhythm
30. rhythm
  • A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem
31 repetition
31. Repetition
  • Repeating a word or phrase for emphasis