Introduction to Regional Geography I
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Introduction to Regional Geography I (pages 1-16). E.J. PALKA. OUTLINE. Geography: The discipline Geographic Realms Transition Zones Regions Formal Functional. GEOGRAPHY. The study of place and space Studies the location and distribution of features on the Earth’s surface

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Introduction to Regional Geography I

(pages 1-16)

E.J. PALKA


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OUTLINE

  • Geography: The discipline

  • Geographic Realms

  • Transition Zones

  • Regions

    • Formal

    • Functional


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GEOGRAPHY

  • The study of place and space

  • Studies the location and distribution of features on the Earth’s surface

  • Studies human activity, the natural environment, and the relationship between the two

  • Answers where and why

  • Why is Timbuktu where it is, and why did the settlement evolve on this site?


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CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS

Taxonomy: kingdom, phylum,

Class, order, family, genus,

species

Biologists

Geologists

3 Major groups, subsidiary

groups, geological time

Historians

Eras, ages, periods

Geographers

Geographic Realms and/or Regions based

on sets of spatial criteria


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GEOGRAPHIC REALMS

Realms are based on Spatial Criteria

  • The largest geographic units into which the inhabited world can be divided

  • Based on both physical (natural) and human (cultural) yardsticks

I


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GEOGRAPHIC REALMS

II

  • The result of the interaction between human societies and natural environments

  • A functionalinteraction

  • Revealed by farms, mines, fishing ports, transport routes, dams, bridges, villages, and other features on the landscape


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GEOGRAPHIC REALMS

III

  • Represent the most comprehensive and encompassing definition of the great clusters of humankind in the world today


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WORLD GEOGRAPHIC REALMS

  • Geographic realms change over time.

  • Where geographic realms meet, transition zones, not sharp boundaries, mark their contacts.


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TRANSITION ZONES

  • An area of spatial change where peripheries of two adjacent realms or regions join

  • Marked by a gradual shift (rather than a sharp break) in the characteristics that distinguish neighboring realms


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GEOGRAPHICAL CLASSIFICATION

CONCEPT OF

SCALE

The World

Realms

Regions


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REGIONS

  • Areas of the earth’s surface marked by certain properties

  • Scientific devices that enable us to make spatial generalizations

  • Based on criteria we establish

  • Criteria can be:

    • Human (cultural) properties

    • Physical (natural) characteristics

    • or Both


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REGIONS

  • All regions have:

    • Area

    • Boundaries

    • Location


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FORMAL REGION

  • Marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena

  • Also called a uniform region or homogeneous region

Examples:

Corn Belt

Megalopolis


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FUNCTIONAL REGION

  • A spatial system focused on a central core

  • A region formed by a set of places and their functional integration

  • Also called a “nodal” region

  • A region marked less by its sameness than its dynamic internal structure

Example:Los Angeles Metropolitan Area


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HINTERLAND

  • Literally means “country behind”

  • A term that applies to a surrounding area served by an urban center

  • Urban center is the focus of goods and services produced in the hinterland, and is the latter’s dominant focal point as well

Periphery

Periphery

Core


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THE PHYSICAL SETTING

  • Physical Geography

    • Alfred Wegner’s

      • Continental drift

      • Tectonic plates

      • Subduction

      • Pacific Ring of fire

    • Weathering

    • Erosion


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CLIMATE

  • Hydrologic cycle

  • Precipitation patterns

  • Climate regions


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Introduction to Regional Geography I

(pages 1-16)

E.J. PALKA


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