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HEALTH CARE MARKET

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  1. HEALTH CARE MARKET Dr. Nabilla Abdul Mohsein Al-Sadat

  2. HEALTH CARE MARKET • Is health care different? • What is a market? • Model of perfect competition • Mechanics of a market

  3. Goals of a health care system • Universal and equal access to reasonable health care • control of health care costs at an affordable level • effective use of resources

  4. model of a national hcs; it’s structure and functional interrelationships management delivery of health care production of resources Envi ron ment pop organization of resources economic support

  5. What is a market? Efficient management input of resources Distribution of resources process of resources price

  6. Is health care different? • Scarce resources • requires allocation • requires organization • BUT • both consumption and investment element • costs • direct involvement as well • irreversible outcomes

  7. HEALTH CARE MARKET • Is health care different? • Yes and No • What is a market? • A Market is an environment where producers and consumers exchange goods and services at a price

  8. Model of perfect competition • Large numbers • no barriers to entry • no monopoly • no brand names • assumption of self-interest • no externalities • no risk or uncertainty

  9. Main market failuresin health care • Consumer rationality • Risk and uncertainty • Information • Externalities and public goods • competition and barriers to market entry • economies of scale and monopoly

  10. HEALTH CARE MARKET • Model of perfect competition • conditions that must be met if a market is to allocate resource efficiently • The main market failures • refers to the situation in which these conditions are absent, or are contravened in one way or another.

  11. Mechanics of the market • Supply and demand • Demand and supply schedules • price elasticity of demand • price elasticity of supply • efficiency of the market • market failure

  12. Selected health sector reforms-1

  13. Selected health sector reforms-2

  14. Selected health sector reforms-3

  15. Selected health sector reforms-4