Public Health Nutrition. What Is Public Health Nutrition?. Strives to improve or maintain optimum nutritional health of the whole population and high risk or vulnerable subgroups within the population.
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* Adequate nutrition for all is the goal
Adequate food and balanced nutrient intake are basic necessities for life, health and well being. Adequate nutrition is especially important in periods of rapid growth and development. Poor nutrition during pregnancy, infancy, childhood and adolescence can mean stunted physical, mental and social development with lifelong consequences.
Currently attention is focused on total caloric intake; amount and type of fat; vitamins such as folic acid and the antioxidants of vitamins A, C and E; minerals such as calcium;
Overweight and obesity an important contributing factor for disease and disability.
Nutrition behavior (Food selection, preparation and consumption) is the product of:
Nutritional status depends on all those factors plus biological and genetic factors.
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a problem in many developing countries, most commonly affecting children between the ages of 6 months and 5 years. The condition may result from lack of food or from infections that cause loss of appetite while increasing the body’s nutrient requirements and losses
Lowered resistance to infection,
and increased mortality rates in young children
Even after treatment begins it is not uncommon for deaths to result from electrolyte imbalance, hypothermia, or complicating infections.
Children who suffer from chronic malnutrition fail to grow to their full genetic potential, both mentally and physically. The main symptom of this measured is stunting - shortness in height compared to others of the same age group - and takes a relatively long time to develop
LIVE TO EAT
The fundamental cause of obesity and overweight is an energy imbalance between calories consumed on one hand, and calories expended on the other hand. Global increases in overweight and obesity are attributable to a number of factors including:
Obesity is a health problem in its own right and is considered a major risk factor in the development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. There are around 16 million diabetics in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. This figure was expected to rise almost 43 million by 2025.