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Amendment Review. Bill of Rights through the 27th Amendment. What is the Bill of Rights?. First ten amendments to the Constitution which __________________ ___________. guarantee personal freedoms. Why were the Bill of Rights originally added to the Constitution?.

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Amendment review l.jpg
Amendment Review

Bill of Rights through the 27th Amendment


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What is the Bill of Rights?

First ten amendments to the Constitution which

__________________

___________.

guarantee personal

freedoms


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Why were the Bill of Rights originally added to the Constitution?

To ease the ____________________ concerns about the power of the Federal government by guaranteeing personal freedoms.

Anti-federalists’


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What are some specific freedoms protected in the Bill of Rights?First Amendment...

speech, press, religion, petition & assembly


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What are some other freedoms guaranteed in the Bill of Rights?

Due Process (equal treatment under the law)

Right to bear arms

fair trial

unwarranted search and seizure

double jeopardy

protection from cruel and unusual punishment


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Bill of Rights Rights?List some historical conditions that led to the Bill of Rights being added to the Constitution


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1. To help secure support for the Constitution Rights?

The _____________ were concerned about the government denying people their rights

Anti-federalists


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2. To make sure the problems created by Great Britain were not repeated by the new government….(examples)


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First amendment not repeated by the new government….

Religion - _________, _________ and others came here because they desired a place to worship without the influence of the government. 1st amendment to make sure they would continue to have that freedom

Puritans

Quakers


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2nd Amendment not repeated by the new government….Right to Bear ArmsWhat were the historical circumstances that led to this?


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Declaration of not repeated by the new government….

Independence

_____________________________________________ stated people had the right to rebel against a cruel government, but they also needed the means (weapons) to be able to rebel.


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3rd Amendment not repeated by the new government….No quartering of troops

This is what Great Britain did to the colonists


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4th Amendment not repeated by the new government….Protects against unwarranted search and seizure

Also an abuse by the British during the colonial era


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5th Amendment not repeated by the new government….Due process, double jeopardy…when arrested

What were some historical reasons for putting this in?


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During the colonial era Americans were often arrested and not given proper treatment by the British. Wanted to make sure the new government could not do this.


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What are some amendments that influenced Civil Rights not given proper treatment by the British. Wanted to make sure the new government could not do this.since 1790?


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Voting rights amendments and... not given proper treatment by the British. Wanted to make sure the new government could not do this.

13th Amendment - _______________14th - _____________ for blacks under the Constitution

ended slavery

equal rights


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What historic conditions led to the passage of the 13th Amendment?

Civil War ended and South defeated and Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation


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What historic conditions led to the passage of the 14th Amendment?

Republicans

Civil War ended and ___________ in Congress wanted to give blacks more rights and a prev ious Supreme Court case needed to be “undone...


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The Amendment?Dred Scot case stated that blacks were property and without rights under the Constitution.


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What amendments affected the Presidency? Amendment?(Be aware of these, but not used12th - separate ballots for President and V.P.20th - exact times of entering and exiting office.)Others...


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22nd Presidential terms Amendment?

President can only serve two terms


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What historic conditions led to the passage of the 22nd Amendment?

Franklin Roosevelt was elected four times (‘32, ‘36, ‘40 and ‘44)

What two crisis in American history led to his being re-elected three times?




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25th Succession of the President Amendment?

allows the Vice President the ability to take office if the President is disabled


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What historic conditions led to the passage of the 22nd Amendment?

When President Kennedy was assassinated, he did not die immediately. This made people realize there could be a problem if a president is incapacitated but still alive. Therefore, this amendment was added to the Constitution.


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What amendments deal with taxation? Amendment?

16th Amendment

Income tax

24th Amendment

Poll Tax eliminated


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What historic conditions led to the passage of the 16th Amendment?

During the Progressive Era there were many reforms to improve society. One was a tax that was fairer because it was based on a person’s ability to pay.


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What historic conditions led to the passage of the 24th Amendment?

During the 1960’s this amendment was past as part of President Johnson’s plan to end racial injustice and poverty (This plan was called the ______________ ______________).

Great Society



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Those that increased those who could vote government?

15th -

black men

women

19th -

26th -

18 to 21 year olds



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1st amendment government. - speech press religion petition and assembly

2nd Amendment - right to bear arms

3rd - government can not quarter troops in citizens’ homes

4th- protects against unwarranted search and seizure

5th - rights when arrested

6th - fair trial


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The End government.