Italian History (slides) by F. G. restauration. Restauration of old princes after Napoleon (1815-1848), age of the Holy Alliance, first attempts of independence. austria. Austria, or the Habsburg Empire, the enemy of Italian independence, the plurinational
by F. G.
Restauration of old princes after Napoleon (1815-1848),
age of the Holy Alliance, first attempts of independence
Austria, or the Habsburg Empire, the enemy
of Italian independence, the plurinational
monarchy, the catholic power
prince of Metternich
Giuseppe Mazzini (1815-72), political thinker, conspirator,
leader of the republican and democratic wing of Risorgimento,
Founder of “Giovane Italia” and “Giovane Europa”
House of Savoy, kingdom of Sardinia, Piedmont
King Carlo Alberto
1848, the spring of nations, the Manifesto of communists,
first war of independence, the “Statuto albertino” in Piedmont,
victory of Austria (1849), king Carlo Alberto abdicates to the throne.
Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoy (1820-1878), “ il re galantuomo”,
king of Sardinia, fist king of united Italy, hunter, lover.
Camillo Benso, count of Cavour (1810-61), Piedmontese, liberal,
the prime minister of Vittorio Emanuele II who united Italy
war of Crimea
Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-82), the “hero of the two worlds”,
General, patriot, republican, socialist, writer, lover,
conqueror of Naples and Sicily (for the Savoy)
1860. II war of independence. The French ally. Austria defeated
Italy unites. The kingdom of Italy (March 1861). Rome missing?
Garibaldi gives the South to the King of Italy
Kingdom of Prussia winner in the Austro-Prussian war.
Italy defeated both at sea and on the field. Veneto to Italy.1866
battle of Custoza
General La Marmora
Otto von Bismarck
battle of Lissa
Pius IX. The prisoner Pope. The infallible Pope. The Pope of Syllabus. The enemy of Savoy and liberalism
1876-87. The “sinistra storica” to power.
Agostino Depretis (1813-87)
1882. The conservative alliance. Austria, Germany and Italy.
Rivalry with France on North Africa.
Francesco Crispi(1818-1901, Sicilian statesman, prime minister,
former republican, crushed first social movements in Sicily,
tried to conquer colonies to Italy in Africa
The “fasci” siciliani
The “fourth Estate” / 1892: Italian socialist party
End of XIX century – first decades of XX: mass emigration
1913: 900.000 left Italy to America and Europe
1900. King Umberto I
killed by anarchist anarchist1898
Giovanni Giolitti. Statesman, Piedmontese,
the man of compromise
1915-18. Italy joins France and Great Britain, or the fourth war of independence.Trent and Triest. 600.000 soldiers deadwar
Vittorio Emanuele Orlando (1860-1952), Sicilian statesman and jurist, the “president of victory”. Italy triumphant but..
Benito Mussolini, the “duce” of fascism
1922. Fascism at power