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1.) Introduction 2.) Mission & Market 3.) Operations 4.) Walk Around 5.) Payload 6.) Aircraft Sizing 7.) Aerodynamics 8.) Stability/Trim 9.) Propulsion 10.) Structures 11.) Cost 12.) Summary. Oculus Superne. Introduction Mission Statement & Market Operations

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oculus superne

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

Oculus Superne

1

codr overview
Introduction

Mission Statement & Market

Operations

Walk Around

Payload and Capabilities

Aircraft Sizing

Aerodynamics

Stability/Trim

Propulsion

Structures

Cost Analysis

Summary

CoDR Overview

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

2

mission statement
Mission Statement

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • To provide a multi-service UAS which acts as the primary detection method for third party infringement of pipelines, performs power-line equipment inspection, and detects threats to forested areas. The system will also facilitate a rapid response in the event of a complete system failure or natural disaster.

3

target market
Target Market

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

Mission

  • Power Line
  • Pipeline
  • Forest Monitoring
  • Business Plan
    • Target Customers
      • DOT
      • NPS
      • Private Oil/Gas Companies

4

customer attributes
Customer Attributes

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • Patrolling the Right-of-Way
    • Third Party Infringement
  • Constant Coverage
  • Cost Reduction
  • Safety Factors

5

engineering requirements
Engineering Requirements

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

6

operation profile
Operation Profile

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • Type of Equipment
    • Ground Stations
    • Relay Stations
    • UAV
  • Takeoff/Landing on Rough Airfield
  • Operate from 1000 ft (AGL)
  • Observe & Transmit to Local Relay Stations
  • Relay Stations Transmit Information Back to Operator
  • Number and Frequency of UAV Flight Completely Customer Defined

7

walk around
Walk Around

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

8

internal walk around
Internal Walk Around

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

9

sensors

LiteMapper 5600 components

Airborne Lidar Terrain Mapping System

Sensors

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • LIDAR (Laser Imaging Detection and Ranging)
    • Corridor Mapping
    • Land Surveying
    • Vegetation Growth / Density
  • IR/Visual Camera
  • - Thermal Imaging
  • - Video Tracking
  • - Detailed Pictures

10

payload requirements
Payload Requirements

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • LIDAR
    • Operates Optimally at 650-1300ft AGL
    • Used Only During Inspection
  • IR / Visual Camera
    • Runs Throughout Mission
    • @ 1000 ft AGL
      • 271,212 ft2
    • @ 12 x Zoom
      • 1462 ft2

11

sizing information and assumptions
Sizing Information and Assumptions

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • Sizing Code: Avid ACS v4.1
  • Equation Sets
    • General Aviation Component Weight Equations
    • Tail Volume Coefficient
  • Fixed Engine
    • Weight
    • Horsepower

12

carpet plot constraints and inputs
Constraints

925 ft takeoff constraint (ground roll + 50 ft obstacle clearance)

550 ft landing constraint

Stall speed, ceiling and 2g maneuver not influential

Carpet Plot Constraints and Inputs

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

[ft] MSL

13

carpet plot
Carpet Plot

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

14

sizing code output
Sizing Code Output

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

15

slide16

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

16

compliance matrix
Compliance Matrix

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

17

performance
Performance

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

(ft MSL)

18

lift distribution
Lift Distribution

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • Ideal Elliptical Lift(Too costly)
  • Linear distribution cost effective
  • Still gives acceptable performance

(ft2/sec)

19

airfoil selection
Airfoil selection

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • Considered 3 airfoils
    • NASA NLF-1015
    • Liebeck LNV109a
    • NACA 642-415 (baseline)
  • Chose NLF-1015
    • Superior L/D at operating conditions (Low alpha)

20

drag buildup
Drag Buildup

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • Component CD0 build for major components of aircraft
  • CD0 - parasite drag on the aircraft

21

slide22

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

Aerodynamic performance, lift, and drag from XFoil at Mach number for cruise

22

longitudinal stability analysis
Longitudinal Stability Analysis

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • Static margin for a fully loaded aircraft 34%
  • Static margin with no fuel 41%

(Percentages of Aircraft Length)

23

slide24

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

Cruise Trim: V = 100 kts, q = 32.46 => C_L = .4467

24

lateral trim
Lateral Trim

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • Crosswind correction
    • Capable of steady level flight in a crosswind that is 30% of takeoff speed at a 11.5o side slip angle with no more than 20o of rudder deflection.
  • Final sizes:
    • Rudder: cf/c = 0.8
    • Aileron: cf/c = 0.2

25

engine selection
UAV Engines Ltd

Model AR741

Engine Selection

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

26

propeller selection
Helices Halter

Model HH yr7022fa

Specifically designed for the AR741 Engine

Fixed Pitch

Beech Wood Composite

Propeller Selection

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

[deg]

27

material selection
Material Selection

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • Al-2024 for the fuselage and Al-7075 landing gear.
  • Aluminum inexpensive, $3-4/lb
  • Strong (E = 106 psi) and light
  • Resists corrosion and has good fracture toughness properties
  • AS4/3501 -6 Carbon Epoxy for the wing and tail skin

Mechanics of Materials, James Gere

28

weight statement

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

Weight Statement

29

reliability and maintainability
Reliability and Maintainability

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • Minimal Maneuvers
  • Steady Static Margin
  • Minimal Parts
    • Non-retractable Landing Gear
    • Few Payload Parts
  • Highly Reliable Data from Sensors

30

cost analysis life cycle
Cost Analysis Life-Cycle

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

  • Modified around DAPCA IV Cost Model
  • Scaled to a UAV application
  • Analysis based off of Trans-Alaskan Pipeline Customer

31

summary
Future Work

More Structural Analysis

CFD Analysis

More Research In Operation Costs

Summary

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

32

questions
Questions?

1.) Introduction

2.) Mission & Market

3.) Operations

4.) Walk Around

5.) Payload

6.) Aircraft Sizing

7.) Aerodynamics

8.) Stability/Trim

9.) Propulsion

10.) Structures

11.) Cost

12.) Summary

33