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Transportation Funding Overview Metropolitan Transportation Commission. Leadership Contra Costa Presentation March 6, 2003. Funding Overview. What are the Revenue Sources? How are Transportation Funds Spent? How Do You Get Funds for your Project? What Requirements Come with the Funding?

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Transportation Funding Overview Metropolitan Transportation Commission


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    1. Transportation Funding OverviewMetropolitan Transportation Commission Leadership Contra Costa Presentation March 6, 2003

    2. Funding Overview • What are the Revenue Sources? • How are Transportation Funds Spent? • How Do You Get Funds for your Project? • What Requirements Come with the Funding? • Helpful Resources

    3. Sources of Transportation Revenues • Federal • STP/CMAQ • FTA Formula Funds • New Rail Starts • State • STIP (RTIP and ITIP) • STA • Local • Gas Tax Subventions • Sales Tax • Bridge Tolls • TDA 20-Year Revenues - $88 Billion (Source: 1998 RTP)

    4. Comparison of Annual Funding Amount for Primary Revenue Sources Funding in Million $ *Revenues fluctuate –numbers are based on recent annual revenues.

    5. Approximate Funding Available: $60 million (estimated annual average over TEA21) Cycle of Funding: TEA-21 Authorization is for 6-year period (FY 97/98 – FY 02/03) For TEA-21, MTC programmed in three cycles: Pre-cycle (FY 1997-98) First Cycle (FY 1997-98 through FY 1999-00) and Second Cycle (FY 2000-01 through FY 2002-03) Who Makes Funding Decisions: MTC is designated recipient of funds, makes decisions about programming based on RTP and discussions with Partners Surface Transportation Program (STP)

    6. STP continued… • Program Eligibility: • Flexible funding for project on any Federal-aid highway, including the NHS, bridge projects, public road, transit capital projects, and intracity and intercity bus terminals and facilities. • Match Requirements • 11.47% of total ‘federal’ project costs must be funded with non-federal funds • Example Projects: • Local roadway and transit rehabilitation

    7. Approximate Funding Available: $55 million (estimated annual average over TEA-21) Cycle of Funding: Reauthorization is for 6-year period (TEA-21) For TEA-21, MTC programmed in two cycles: First Cycle (FY 1997-98 through FY 1999-00) and Second Cycle (FY 2000-01 through FY 2002-03) Who Makes Funding Decisions: MTC is designated recipient of funds, makes decision about programming based on RTP and discussions with Partners Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Funds (CMAQ)

    8. Purpose: Fund transportation projects in maintenance and nonattainment areas which reduce emissions. Amount Funding: Calculated based on population, maintenance/attainment designation, and air pollution severity factor. Match Requirements: 11.47% of total ‘federal’ project costs must be funded with non-federal funds Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Funds (CMAQ)

    9. MTC Customer Service Projects Funded with CMAQ (during TEA-21) • Regional Transit Trip Planning - $1.6 million • Freeway Service Patrol - $3.5 million • Regional Transit Marketing - $1.6 million • TETAP - $1.1 million • TransLink® - $17.9 million • TravInfo® - $26.3 million

    10. TEA-21 STP and CMAQ ProgramFY 1997/98 Through FY 2002/03Bay Area Funds=$754 Million By Purpose Annual ~ $125 million

    11. TEA-21 STP and CMAQ ProgramFY 1997/98 Through FY 2002/03Bay Area Funds=$754 Million By Mode Annual ~ $125 million

    12. State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) • What is it? • State’s spending plan for state and federal funding. • Comprised of 75% Regional Transportation Improvement Program (RTIP) and 25% Interregional Transportation Improvement Program (ITIP). • Approved biennially and covers a five-year period.

    13. STIP Fund Allocation RTPAs (i.e. MTC) Caltrans 25% 75% N/S Split County Share Calculation: 75% county population 25% state highway mileage

    14. State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) • Approximate Funding Available: • RTIP – approximately $286 million annually to MTC • ITIP – approximately $92 million annually to Region • Cycle of Funding: • Program every two years • Currently covers five-year period • 2002 STIP (FY 2002/03 through FY 2006/07) • Who Makes Funding Decisions: • RTIP: MTC with approval by CTC • ITIP: Caltrans with approval by CTC

    15. STIP Program Eligibility • RTIP (75%) • state highways and local roads; • public transit/intercity rail/intermodal facilities; • pedestrian and bicycle facilities; • grade separations; • transportation system and demand management; • soundwall projects; and safety. • ITIP (25%) • intercity passenger rail • and mass transit guideways; • grade separation; and • state highways.

    16. Federal Aid Transit Programs

    17. Federal Aid Transit Programs (Cont.)

    18. MTC Policy for FTA Funds-Section 5307 Transit Capital Priorities • Applies to Larger urbanized areas (UZAs) • Replacement (no expansion) • Annual project cap • $15 million for bus replacement • $7.5 million all other projects • 10% ADA operating set-aside

    19. TEA-21 FTA Funding(Section 5307 and 5309)Bay Area Total =$1.4 Billion By Purpose Annual ~ $230 million

    20. TEA-21 FTA Funding(Section 5307 and 5309)Bay Area Total =$1.4 Billion By Mode Annual ~ $230 million

    21. Transportation Development Act (TDA) • Background • ¼% of sales tax generations in a county • Return to source program • Passed by legislature in 1972 • Funds are maintained by the county in the Local Transportation Fund (LTF) • Purpose • Used for transit, pedestrian/bicycle, community transit service, and streets and roads projects

    22. Distribution of Sales Tax - TDA California Sales Tax 7.25% 1/4% Local Transportation Funds 5% State Retail Sales Tax Fund 2% Local General Funds TDA

    23. TDA Eligibility

    24. State Transit Assistance • Background • Funds from State for transportation planning and mass transportation purposes. • General sales tax is source of funding. • Established by Legislature in 1980.

    25. STA Distribution - MTC Region • Population-Based $20 million Northern Counties Marin, Sonoma, Solano, Napa Small Operators CCTA, ECCTA, LAVTA, Union City, WCCTA, Vallejo Regional Paratransit Regional Express Bus MTC Regional Coordination • Revenue-Based $30 million Fund amounts include new AB2928 revenue.

    26. 1977 toll increase 25¢ per auto on SF-Oakland Bridge 5¢ per auto on Dumbarton and San Mateo Bridges Statutory Eligibility Transit capital projects in the vicinity of the SF- Oakland, Dumbarton, and San Mateo Bridges Current MTC Policy Local match for high scoring transit capital projects that serve the bridge corridors AB 664 Net Toll Revenues

    27. Fund Distribution - $ 13 million 70% East Bay $8.9 million 30% West Bay $3.8 million Example Projects Replacement buses Rail/cable car reconstruction projects AB 664 Net Toll Revenues

    28. Background Approved by voters in 1988 Primary purpose was to fund transit improvements in the toll bridge corridors Increased toll to uniform $1 for autos on all state-owned toll bridges Five Percent Reserves 5% of RM1 Toll increase on Northern and Southern Bridge Groups Rail Extension Reserves 90% of 25¢ toll increase on SF-Oakland Bay Bridge Regional Measure 1 Reserves

    29. RM 1 Five Percent • Statutory Eligibility • Originally 3% program; legislature then increased to 5% program • 2% must be spent on ferry capital and operating projects • Funds available for reducing vehicular congestion • Current MTC Policy • Fund ferry operations for Alameda/Oakland, Vallejo, and Harbor Bay using substitute state funds. • Fund ferry capital with 2% per federalization • Fund Bay Trail Administration

    30. RM1 Rail Reserves • Statutory Eligibility • Fund rail transit capital extensions and improvements for projects designed to reduce vehicular traffic congestion on SF-Oakland Bay Bridge • Required Distribution • 70% East Bay • Alameda/Contra Costa Extension (examples – Pittsburg Bay Point and Dublin/Pleasanton BART Extensions • 30% West Bay • San Francisco (example – SFO BART Extension, MUNI Metro improvements)

    31. What is the Transportation Improvement Program (TIP)? • Listing of all Bay Area projects that receive federal funds/are subject of federal action • Covers 3-year period • Must be financially constrained • Must be consistent with RTP

    32. What is Included in the TIP? • Projects that Require Federal Action • All projects with Federal Funds • Locally Funded Projects, Regionally Significant Earmarks STP RTIP CMAQ FTA $ ITIP SHOPP TEA Local – Regionally Significant

    33. How to Get a Piece of the Funding Pie

    34. Helpful Tips/Strategies • Know the funding cycles • Know the process rules and funding requirements • Make sure that project is consistent with RTP • Be able to demonstrate full project funding • Ensure local match where necessary

    35. Funding Deadlines • STIP Funds • State (SB 45) • STP/CMAQ/TEA • Federal (TEA 21) • State (AB 1012) • Regional (MTC Resolution No. 3239)

    36. STIP Funds - SB 45 Deadlines • Must allocateby June 30 of fiscal year programmed. Funds not allocated or extended return to the county. • Example: STIP funds programmed in FY 2001. • Must allocate by June 30, 2001. • Must award construction funds within 12 months of allocation. Funds not allocated or extended are permanently lost to the county!

    37. STP/CMAQ Deadlines • Federal Rule • Obligation within Apportionment Year + 3 • State Layer • AB 1012 Requires Obligation within the Apportionment Year + 2 • Regional Layer • First Cycle • Second Cycle September 30, 2001 September 30, 2002 Funds return for reprogramming by region if deadline missed!

    38. Assistance Who are you going to call?

    39. State and Federal Programming (STIP/ STP/ CMAQ/ TEA) / Project Delivery & Monitoring Ross McKeown - 510-464-7842 Revenue Projections / Regional $ Needs FTA Transit Programming (FTA 5307/5309) Alix Bockelman - 510-464-7850 Local Transit Programming TDA/STA, Sales Tax) Don Morgan - 510-464-7740 Programming and AllocationsSection Responsibilities

    40. Additional Help –MTC Programming Staff

    41. Additional Help –Programming and Allocations Staff

    42. Additional Help –Programming and Allocations Staff

    43. Helpful Resources • MTC’s TIP - for current programming http://www.mtc.ca.gov/publications/tip/tipind.htm • MTC’s Moving Costs - for list of fund sources http://www.mtc.ca.gov/publications/funding_guide/fund_guide-htm/funding_guide01.htm • MTC’s Annual Report –for summary of TDA, STA, AB 1107 allocation and annual programming http://www.mtc.ca.gov/publications/AnnualReport-01/AR_index.htm • MTC’s Annual Report to State Legislature/Congress - for regional priorities/funding http://www.mtc.ca.gov/publications/leg_reports/leg_reports.htm

    44. Helpful Resources Continued • Caltrans Transportation Programming for STIP funding process http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/transprog/stip.htm • Caltrans Local Assistance for Federal-Aid project delivery process http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/LocalPrograms/ • Caltrans Transportation Funding in California – for big picture http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/tpp/offices/ote/funding/fundchrt.htm • California Transportation Commission for State Funding Issues http://www.catc.ca.gov/

    45. Transportation Funding OverviewMetropolitan Transportation Commission Leadership Contra Costa Presentation March 6, 2003