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Overseas Empires. AKS 39b. Bienvenidos a Espana!. December 10 th , 1492. AKS 39b. What were the roles of explorers and conquistadors?. VI. England. Jamestown : first permanent settlement Pilgrims founded second English colony in Plymouth , Massachusetts

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bienvenidos a espana

Bienvenidos a Espana!

December 10th, 1492

aks 39b
AKS 39b
  • What were the roles of explorers and conquistadors?
vi england
VI. England
  • Jamestown: first permanent settlement
  • Pilgrims
      • founded second English colony in Plymouth, Massachusetts
      • Puritans: deeply religious people who didn’t agree with practices of Church of England
viii french indian war seven years war
VIII. French & Indian War (Seven Years’ War)
  • War for control of North America
  • English and French clashed over Ohio Valley in 1754
  • France forced to give up all land in North America to England in 1763
ix the netherlands
IX. The Netherlands
  • Dutch settlers began colonies in modern New York City and called it New Netherland.
  • Traded fur
xi spain
XI. Spain
  • Conquistadors: “Conquerors” came to spread God & wealth
  • Hernán Cortés: Mexico & Aztec riches (1519)
  • Francisco Pizarro: Peru & Inca Empire (1532)
  • Empire spread through N. & S. America and West Indies
  • European diseases killed Natives; African slaves replaced them
xii atlantic slave trade buying and selling of africans for work in the americas


Traders brought back sugar, coffee, and tobacco to Europe.

Europeans sailed to Africa to trade manufactured goods for people.


The Middle Passage: Africans were carried across the Atlantic to the Americas to be sold into slavery.


XII. Atlantic Slave Trade: buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americas
  • Triangular trade
    • Middle Passage:
        • Long voyage from Africa to America
        • Often very harsh and cruel
        • People crammed into ships, beaten, and given little food.
        • 20% of the people on these ships died
welcome to 1400 america
Welcome to 1400 America!!!
  • Take an index card.
  • List down ALL major ingredients in the dish/food item you brought to share.
  • Take out your classwork assignments from yesterday (#1-14 on FE review; 1 outline for PFE review)
new rules for 7 th period
New Rules for 7th Period
  • Be in your seats when the bell rings.
  • Have ALL materials ready when the bell rings (pencils sharpened, paper, etc).
  • Stay in your seats unless you have permission to leave your seat.
  • Raise your hand if you wish to speak or have a question—EVEN IF you just want to ask a neighbor something.
  • Use all the time you’re given in class to complete assignments.

Failure to comply to these rules THE FIRST TIME will result in an automatic morning teacher detention.

Since it is week 16 and we STILL can’t behave appropriately when we have a sub, we will practice substitute behavior for THE REST OF THE SEMESTER.

the columbian exchange

The Columbian Exchange

What was the Columbian Exchange and what was its global economic and culture impact?

after you read
After you read…
  • At the end of your notes, do an analysis (break down the food items and speculate their origins) of
    • A) what you had for lunch.
    • B) what favorite food you brought.
  • Could you have enjoyed it here in the “New World” if not for the Columbian Exchange? Why/Why not?
what i had for lunch
What I Had for Lunch
  • Pasta
    • Tomato sauce
    • Noodles (made from wheat flour)
    • Ricotta Cheese
  • Applesauce
  • Cookie
    • Flour
    • Sugar
    • peppermint
the columbian exchange1
The Columbian Exchange
  • It was a global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas
      • Corn and potatoes  Europe, Asia, Africa
      • Bananas, black-eyed peas, yams  Americas
      • Cattle, pigs, horses  Americas
      • Diseases  Americas & Europe
Global Trade
      • settling of Americas and growth of trade started an economic revolution
      • revolution led to capitalism: based on private ownership of property and right of a business to earn a profit on money it has invested
      • revolution also led to joint-stock companies: investors combine their money to start a business and share in the profits
Growth of Mercantilism
      • European governments followed the idea of mercantilism, which says that a country’s power depended on its wealth (getting more gold and silver increased wealth)
      • Selling more than buying (exporting more than importing) = a favorable balance of trade
      • Colonies helped to provide goods that could be sold in trade