Lecture 1. Lecturer/ Najla AlQahtani. An Overview of Language Teaching Approaches . Lecture Agenda . The definition of Applied Linguistics Introducing some significant terms in applied linguistics . Introducing the history of language teaching prior to the 20 th century.
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‘Applied linguistics’ (AL) is one of several academic disciplines focusing
on how language is acquired and used in the modern world. It is a
somewhat eclectic field that accommodates diverse theoretical
approaches, and its interdisciplinary scope includes linguistic, psych
ological and educational topics. Although the field’ s original focus was
the study of foreign/second languages, this has been extended to cover
first language issues, and nowadays many scholars would consider
sociolinguistics and pragmatics to be part of the AL rubric. Recently, AL
conferences and journals have reflected the growing influence of psychology-based
approaches, which in turn is a reflection of the increasing prevalence of cognitive
(neuro)science in the study of human mental functions.