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Healthcare Reform What To Expect in 2014. Presented by: Scott Bolitho Sponsored by: Glenwood Insurance Glenwood Springs Chamber Association. Agenda. Goal – We want to make you aware of the requirements and implications of the Affordable Care Act Overview and a look back

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healthcare reform what to expect in 2014

Healthcare ReformWhat To Expect in 2014

Presented by: Scott BolithoSponsored by: Glenwood InsuranceGlenwood Springs Chamber Association

agenda
Agenda

Goal – We want to make you aware of the

requirements and implications of the Affordable

Care Act

  • Overview and a look back
  • What’s ahead in 2014
    • Benefits
    • Pricing
    • How does it apply
  • Employer obligations
  • Individual Mandate
  • Exchanges
  • Q & A
slide3

Myths

  • As an employer, I have to provide coverage to my employees
  • Premiums paid by the employer are shown on the W-2 and are taxable to the employee
  • The penalties for individuals who do not purchase insurance are very high

Truths

  • Businesses under 50 Full Time Equivalents (FTE’s) do not
  • Only those employers who issue 250 or more W-2’s must disclose this. It is not taxable
  • Minimal penalties, not enforceable
cost of healthcare
Cost of Healthcare
  • $2.5 Trillion spent on healthcare in 2011
  • One sixth of the US Gross Domestic Product
  • $8,000 per person in the US
health care reform timeline
Health care reform timeline

2010-2011

*Dependent

coverage to age 26

*No lifetime max

*Pre-ex eliminated

for children

*Guaranteed issue

plans for children

to age 19

*Preventive Care

fully covered

*Small business tax

Credit

*Emergency services

paid as in-network

health care reform timeline1
Health care reform timeline

2010-2011

*Dependent

coverage to age 26

*No lifetime max

*Pre-ex eliminated

for children

*Guaranteed issue

plans for children

to age 19

*Preventive Care

fully covered

*Small business tax

Credit

*Emergency services

paid as in-network

2012

*60-day advance notice

of material

Modifications

*Accountable Care Org

requirements

*Appeals provision fully

implemented

*First MLR rebates to be

paid by Aug.

*New women’s

preventive services

*Patient-center

Outcomes Research

Institute Fee ($1)

*Quality bonus begins

for Medicare Advantage

*Summary of Benefits

& Coverage and

Uniform glossary

health care reform timeline2
Health care reform timeline

2013

*Administrative simplification begins

*Annual fee on medical device sales

*Deduction for expenses allocable to the Part D subsidy for “qualified drug plans” is eliminated

*Employee notification of access to Exchanges

*FSA contributions limited to $2,500

*High earner tax begins

*PCORI fee to increase to $2 per member/year

*W-2 reporting on the value of employer-sponsored health benefits

2010-2011

*Dependent

coverage to age 26

*No lifetime max

*Pre-ex eliminated

for children

*Guaranteed issue

plans for children

to age 19

*Preventive Care

fully covered

*Small business tax

Credit

*Emergency services

paid as in-network

2012

*60-day advance notice

of material

Modifications

*Accountable Care Org

requirements

*Appeals provision fully

implemented

*First MLR rebates to be

paid by Aug.

*New women’s

preventive services

*Patient-center

Outcomes Research

Institute Fee ($1)

*Quality bonus begins

for Medicare Advantage

*Summary of Benefits

& Coverage and

Uniform glossary

health care reform timeline3
Health care reform timeline

2014

*Health Benefit Exchanges

*Guaranteed issue and renewability

*No pre-existing condition exclusions

*No annual dollar limits

*Waiting period limits*Deductible caps cannot exceed $2k for individual and $4k for family for small group Fully Insured plans

*Essential health benefits required for small employers

*OOP limits must comply with OOP limits for HSA qualified plans ($6,250/$12,500)

2013

*Administrative simplification begins

*Annual fee on medical device sales

*Deduction for expenses allocable to the Part D subsidy for “qualified drug plans” is eliminated

*Employee notification of access to Exchanges

*FSA contributions limited to $2,500

*High earner tax begins

*PCORI fee to increase to $2 per member/year

*W-2 reporting on the value of employer-sponsored health benefits

2010-2011

*Dependent

coverage to age 26

*No lifetime max

*Pre-ex eliminated

for children

*Guaranteed issue

plans for children

to age 19

*Preventive Care

fully covered

*Small business tax

Credit

*Emergency services

paid as in-network

2012

*60-day advance notice

of material

Modifications

*Accountable Care Org

requirements

*Appeals provision fully

implemented

*First MLR rebates to be

paid by Aug.

*New women’s

preventive services

*Patient-center

Outcomes Research

Institute Fee ($1)

*Quality bonus begins

for Medicare Advantage

*Summary of Benefits

& Coverage and

Uniform glossary

health care reform timeline4
Health care reform timeline

2014

*Health Benefit Exchanges

*Guaranteed issue and renewability

*No pre-existing condition exclusions

*No annual dollar limits

*Waiting period limits*Deductible caps cannot exceed $2k for individual and $4k for family for small group Fully Insured plans

*Essential health benefits required for small employers

*OOP limits must comply with OOP limits for HSA qualified plans ($6,250/$12,500)*Individual & employer mandates

*Coverage for all adult children until age 26 even those with employer coverage

*Insurer fee – permanent

*Mandatory coverage for clinical trials

*Quality of Care reporting Requirements*Rating restrictions/Adjusted community rates

*Tax credits & subsidies for individual and small employers

*Transitional reinsurance fee (2014-2016)

*ICD-10 code adoption

*Wellness Programs

2013

*Administrative simplification begins

*Annual fee on medical device sales

*Deduction for expenses allocable to the Part D subsidy for “qualified drug plans” is eliminated

*Employee notification of access to Exchanges

*FSA contributions limited to $2,500

*High earner tax begins

*PCORI fee to increase to $2 per member/year

*W-2 reporting on the value of employer-sponsored health benefits

2010-2011

*Dependent

coverage to age 26

*No lifetime max

*Pre-ex eliminated

for children

*Guaranteed issue

plans for children

to age 19

*Preventive Care

fully covered

*Small business tax

Credit

*Emergency services

paid as in-network

2012

*60-day advance notice

of material

Modifications

*Accountable Care Org

requirements

*Appeals provision fully

implemented

*First MLR rebates to be

paid by Aug.

*New women’s

preventive services

*Patient-center

Outcomes Research

Institute Fee ($1)

*Quality bonus begins

for Medicare Advantage

*Summary of Benefits

& Coverage and

Uniform glossary

what happens in 2014
What happens in 2014?

*Expanded Benefits

*Rating Changes

*Taxes and Fees

*Reporting Requirements

As a result we will see:

what happens in 20141
What happens in 2014?

*Expanded Benefits

*Rating Changes

*Taxes and Fees

*Reporting Requirements

As a result we will see:

*Fees/taxes and benefit requirements and rating will affect the cost of health care for employers during the next

several years

what happens in 20142
What happens in 2014?

*Expanded Benefits

*Rating Changes

*Taxes and Fees

*Reporting Requirements

As a result we will see:

*Fees/taxes and benefit requirements and rating will affect the cost of health care for employers during the next

several years

*2013 will be the transitional year – portfolio changes, renewal packages and quoting are undergoing system development work now to be ready for January 2014

what happens in 20143
What happens in 2014?

*Expanded Benefits

*Rating Changes

*Taxes and Fees

*Reporting Requirements

As a result we will see:

*Fees/taxes and benefit requirements and rating will affect the cost of health care for employers during the next

several years

*2013 will be the transitional year – portfolio changes, renewal packages and quoting are undergoing system development work now to be ready for January 2014

*Many of the 2014 provisions take effect on a group’s first renewal or new business effective date on or after 1/1/14

expanded benefits reform provisions impacting product and plan design
Expanded BenefitsReform provisions impacting product and plan design

Individual and small group plans must provide Essential Health Benefits Package

Four components of package:1. Essential Health Benefits

* 10 Required coverage categories

Out of Pocket Maximum

Small Group deductible ceiling

* $2,000 single/$4,000 family

4. Limited to “Metallic” coverage levels

* Bronze, Silver, Gold, Platinum

expanded benefits components impacting plan designs
Expanded BenefitsComponents impacting plan designs

EHB Categories

Ambulatory patient services

Emergency services

Hospitalization

Laboratory services

Maternity & newborn care

Mental health and substance abuse services, including behavioral health treatment

Prescription drugs

Rehabilitative and habilitative services & device

Preventive and wellness services and chronic disease management

Pediatric services, including oral and vision care

  • Essential Health Benefits

10 Required Coverage Categories

    • Most already provided in prevailing plans
    • Pediatric dental and vision not typically covered in small group market
    • Practical impact – State mandates will be required by EHB
    • Pricing impact varies by market
    • All plans, including self-funded, that contain any EHB are required to remove annual and lifetime dollar limits for those services
expanded benefits components impacting plan designs1
Expanded BenefitsComponents impacting plan designs
  • Essential Health Benefits (cont.)

Prescription drug requirements: plans must cover the greater of one drug in every therapeutic class, or the same number of drugs as set forth in the EHB plan.

Special rules for pediatric dental:

On Exchanges – Qualified Health Plan (QHP) may exclude coverage of the pediatric dental if stand-alone plans are available. Groups/individuals are NOT required to buy the stand-alone coverage.

Off Exchange – health plans may exclude pediatric dental IF they are “reasonably assured” that “individuals” have purchased Exchange-qualified stand-alone dental plan. Groups/individuals MUST buy stand-alone coverage (even if there are no covered children)

Cost-sharing limitations do NOT have to cross-accumulate between a medical plan and stand-alone dental plan. Cost-sharing has to be “reasonable” in the stand-alone plan.

Maternity Coverage:

Coverage must include coverage for dependent children.

expanded benefits components impacting plan designs2
Expanded BenefitsComponents impacting plan designs
  • Out of Pocket Maximum

New Accumulation rules and ceiling

    • OOPM Ceiling at HSA level: likely $6,400/$12,800 in 2014
    • All cost-sharing (for essential health benefits) must accumulate to OOPM
    • Applies to small and large fully insured plans and self-funded plans
    • Transition rules give flexibility for “separate service providers” for one year
    • Does not apply to out of network benefits
expanded benefits components impacting plan designs3
Expanded BenefitsComponents impacting plan designs
  • Small Group Deductible Ceiling

$2,000 single / $4,000 family

    • Indexed to inflation
    • Exception for leaner plans if the insurer cannot “reasonably” design one to hit approved actuarial values with a $2,000 deductible
    • Applies to small group fully insured only; NOT to individual, large group, or self-funded
    • Does not apply to out of network benefits
expanded benefits components impacting plan designs4
Expanded BenefitsComponents impacting plan designs
  • Limited to Metallic Coverage Levels

Bronze, Silver, Gold, Platinum

    • Apply on and off Exchange
    • Defined by actuarial value (plus/minus 2%): Bronze/60%, Silver/70%, Gold/80%, Platinum/90%
    • Federal requirement to offer one Silver, one Gold plan on Exchanges
employer obligations
Employer obligations

Employer Mandate

  • Applies to employers with 50+ FTEs
  • Must provide Minimum Essential Coverage
    • Medical plan offered in small group or large group health insurance market
    • Can not be a cafeteria, flex, disability, accident, critical illness, or indemnity plan
  • Uses IRS aggregation rules to determine if subsidiaries are jointly owned companies treated as one
  • Applies to both fully and self insured groups
  • Applies to grandfathered groups
  • Must offer coverage to dependents up to 26, but not spouses
  • Effective on first new plan year or on or after January 1, 2014
  • If employer does not offer coverage at all, the penalty is $2,000 per full-time employee, less the 30 employee buffer
employer obligations1
Employer obligations

Coverage Requirements

  • Must be affordable
    • Single employee contribution for lowest cost plan must not exceed 9.5% of employee’s W2 income Box 1
  • Must provide minimum actuarial value
    • Plan pays more than 60% of medical cost across a typical population
  • Applies to the same population as the Employer Mandate
  • If coverage fails these tests, the penalty is $3,000 per employee receiving a subsidy in the exchange
when does pay or play apply
When does pay or play apply?
  • All of the following must be true
    • The employer is an applicable Large Employer
    • At least one full-time employee received a subsidy from the Exchange; and –
    • The employer either:
      • Did not offer coverage; or
      • Offered coverage that:
        • Was not “affordable”; or
        • Did not provide “minimum value” of 60%
applicable large employer
Applicable Large Employer
  • Who is an Applicable Large Employer?
    • To be an Applicable Large Employer, employer must employ an average of at least fifty (50) full-time employees on business days during the preceding calendar year
    • The calculation includes both full time employees and full time equivalents (FTEs)
a l e the basics
A.L.E. – The Basics
  • A Full-Time Employee is:
    • A person employed, on average, at least 30 hours of service per week. (Determined on a monthly basis.)
  • A Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) is:
    • A calculation based on the number of hours worked by all non full-time employees.
did not offer coverage
Did NOT Offer Coverage
  • Pay a penalty of $166.67 multiplied by the number of FULL-TIME employees
  • The first 30 employees are exempt from the calculation
  • This is a non-deductible fee
does offer coverage
DOES Offer Coverage
  • Applies when coverage offered is deemed “Not Affordable”
    • Employee pays no more than 9.5% of W-2 income for employee only coverage
  • Penalty is $250 per month for each Full-Time employee who receives a subsidy
  • Penalty will not exceed the amount that would have been paid if the employer did not offer any coverage
discrimination rules
Discrimination Rules
  • Employers of all sizes cannot offer plans that discriminate in favor of “Highly Compensated” individuals
  • Management Carve-Outs are no longer allowed
  • Discrimination testing will apply
  • Potential penalty: $100 per day, per affected individual
individual mandate
Individual Mandate

Qualify for an exemption based on income, religion or status (Native American, undocumented immigrant, or incarceration)

Obtain coverage through government program/Exchange, employer or individual insurance market

Pay a penalty

or

or

  • Individual Exchange subsides are available if no other available coverage is affordable or meets minimum value requirement
  • Penalties phase in beginning in 2014 as part of tax return:
    • 2014: Greater of $95 (adult)/$47.50 (child) or 1% of family income
    • 2015: Greater of $325/$162.50 or 2% of family income
    • 2016: Greater of $695/$347.50 or 2.5% of family income
  • IRS cannot use normal enforcement mechanisms to force people to pay
adjusted community rating
Adjusted Community Rating

Small Group Definition will be changing

  • Small Group definition is < 50 until 2016, unless the state defines differently
  • Counting methodology is average total number of employees (ATNE). However, there is some uncertainty regarding counting methodology over the next couple of years for several of the ACA provisions, including adjusted community rating, small group deductible ceiling, metallic level requirement, Essential Health Benefits, and eligibility for SHOP Exchanges.

Price Restrictions – Fair Health Insurance Premiums

  • Plan years (or policy years for individual market) on or after January 1, 2014
  • Applies to Individual and fully insured small group health insurance

Group Rate Factors are limited to:

Geographic AreaAge (3:1 Limit)

Tobacco Use (1.5:1 limit)

Rates may not vary by:Gender, Health Status, Claims History, Medical Underwriting, Group Size, Industry

pricing today and beginning 2014
Pricing today and beginning 2014
  • Additional Rating Factors Being Eliminated or Changed
    • Size Factors (eliminated)
    • Gender Differentiation (eliminated)
    • Typically 10-1 Age Slope (changed/reduced)
rate changes small groups 50
Rate Changes – Small Groups <50

Colorado currently rates at the subscriber level. In 2014 all policies will be rated at the member level.

  • Family members age 21 and older are age and tobacco rated separately
  • The next oldest three children (0-20) are rated individually under the child age band
  • Any additional children are not rated
rating methodology
Rating Methodology

Current

Employee age 50

  • Employee Only
  • Employee + Spouse
  • Employee + Child(ren)
  • Family
rating methodology1
Rating Methodology

New Method

Employee age 50 – Rated by age

+ Spouse age 47 – Rated by age

+ Child (adult) age 23 – Rated by age

+ Child age 19 – Rated as a child

+ Child age 16 – Rated as a child

+ Child age 13 – Rated as a child

+ Child age 9 – No charge

rating methodology2
Rating Methodology

New Method

Employee age 50 – Rated by age

+ Spouse age 47 – Rated by age

+ Child (adult) age 23 – Rated by age

+ Child age 19 – Rated as a child

+ Child age 16 – Rated as a child

+ Child age 13 – Rated as a child

+ Child age 9 – No charge

+ Dog age 7 – Not covered

rating methodology3
Rating Methodology

New Method

  • Applies to small group only
  • As a member’s age changes in the plan year, the rates will be adjusted at that time.
  • No age bands, each age has its own rate
  • Each child 21 and over is rated
  • Only first 3 children under 21 are rated, 4th child has no charge
2014 reform premium impact
2014 reform premium impact
  • Consumers (both group and individual buyers) will face substantial price increases, further pressuring the system
  • New pricing rules and new product design mandates will have a significant impact on the price consumers pay for insurance in 2014 and beyond
things you need to know 2013 2014
Things you need to know 2013-2014

Small Groups

  • 2014 – SG Definition may be different by state (50 vs. 100)
  • No pre-ex
  • 2014 - Guaranteed issue applies
  • 2014 – No medical underwriting and moving to adjusted community rating (ACR)
  • 2014 – SHOP Exchange available
  • Essential Health Benefits (EHB) applies to non-grandfathered groups
  • Women’s Preventive, FSA limits and OOP max changes apply
  • New taxes and fees apply

Large Groups

  • 2014 – guaranteed issue applies
  • No pre-ex
  • Women’s preventive, FSA limits and OOP max changes apply
  • Deductible limits and EHB do not apply
  • New taxes and fees apply
using the exchange
Using the Exchange
  • Will your agent be able to guide you through the Exchange beginning October 1st, 2013?
  • Are you eligible for a subsidy?
  • Which insurance plan fits you best?
  • Do you have to buy through an Exchange?
  • Glenwood Insurance is prepared to help you navigate the Exchange!
slide50

What you should know

2014

  • Expanded Benefits
  • Adjusted Community Rating
  • Pricing Impacts and Market Changes
  • Taxes and Fees
  • Employer Mandate

What you should do

  • Inform your employees of availability of Exchanges in late summer or fall as required by ACA
  • Review employer mandate, premium changes and develop strategy for your business
  • Prepare for potentially more individuals needing coverage, more fees and potentially premium increases due to expanded coverage and fees and fewer eligibility restrictions
slide51

Talk to us, we have solutions to help you be compliant in the new world!Thank you!If you have further questions please email us athealthcarereform@glenwoodins.com