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Types of Maps. Vocabulary Words. Geography — The study of earth Cardinal directions — North, south, east, west Latitude — North or south of the earth’s equator, in degrees Longitude — East or west of the prime meridian, in degrees Hemisphere— Half of the earth Parallel—

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vocabulary words
Vocabulary Words
  • Geography—
    • The study of earth
  • Cardinal directions—
    • North, south, east, west
  • Latitude—
    • North or south of the earth’s equator, in degrees
  • Longitude—
    • East or west of the prime meridian, in degrees
  • Hemisphere—
    • Half of the earth
  • Parallel—
    • Line of latitude
  • Meridian—
    • Line of longitude
vocabulary words3
vocabulary words
  • Scale : a measuring line that helps find distance on the map.
  • Distortion: loss accuracy
  • Geographic information System: computer based systems that provide information about locations.
  • Projection : a way to map Earth on a flat surface.
  • Compass rose: a diagram that shows directions.
  • Key: a part of the map that explains the symbols.
how is the earth divided
How is the earth divided?
  • The earth is divided by lines of latitude and lines of longitude.
  • What is the 0 degree line of latitude?
  • The Equatoris an imaginary line that circles the earth midway between the North and South Pole.
  • The Equator divides the world into 2 halves or hemispheres. (Northern and Southern)
what is the 0 degree line of longitude
What is the 0 degree line of longitude?
  • The Prime Meridian which runs through Greenwich, England.
  • Lines of longitude run from the North Pole to the South Pole and are measured in degrees East and West (of the Prime Meridian).
parts of a map
Parts of a Map
  • A. Compass rose shows direction
  • B. Scale bar shows how distances on the map compare to actual distances
  • C. Key, or legend, explains the symbols and shadings on the map
  • D. Locator Globe shows on a globe the location of the area covered by the map
  • Title the title tells you the subject of the map.
maps and globes
Maps and Globes
  • A. Globes
    • 1. Globes show continents and oceans much as they are
    • 2. Globes can’t show smaller details
  • B. Maps
    • 1. Flat maps can’t show Earth without some distortion
    • 2. Aerial photographs and satellite images provide information for maps, but can’t show hidden features
    • 3. Geographic Information Systems use computers to link information to locations
map projections
Map Projections
  • Map Projections
    • A. Mercator Projection
      • 1. Helped early sailors navigate
      • 2. Areas near the poles look bigger than they are
      • 3. It shows correct shapes but not true distances or sizes
  • B. Equal Area Projections
      • 1. Shows correct size of landmasses
      • 2. Shapes are altered and straight lines on earth may be curved on the map
projections cont
Projections Cont.
  • C. Robinson Projection
      • 1. Considered the best world map available
      • 2. Distances, sizes, and shapes are quite accurate
      • 3. There are some distortions around the edges of the map
  • D. Other Projections
      • 1. Some are useful for showing small areas but not the whole world
      • 2. Some are good for specific purposes, such as planning a flight route
do now review activity
Do Now Review Activity
  • Go to pages FL 51; FL 53; FL54;FL55; FL56, FL 57; FL 59
  • Answer the practice your geography skills questionsYou need to copy the questions in Cornell Note Style
do now review activity11
Do Now Review Activity
  • Go to pages FL 51; FL 53; FL54;FL55; FL56, FL 57
  • Answer the practice your geography skills questionsYou need to copy the questions in Cornell Note Style
political maps
Political Maps
  • Show political, or human made, divisions of countries or regions.
physical maps
Physical Maps
  • Shows the physical features of an area, such as its mountains and rivers.
      • Colors used in physical maps are :
          • Brown or green for land
          • Blue for water
          • Colors may be used to show elevation.
contour maps
Contour maps
  • Shows elevation
  • Have contour lines for each major level of elevation.
  • The most everyday use of the term is in cartography. A contour map (topographic map) uses contour lines (often just called a "contour") to join points of equal elevation (height) and thus show valleys and hills, and the steepness of slopes.
land and resources maps
Land and Resources Maps
  • Shows ways of life, such as farming, manufacturing or herding.
  • Symbols stands for the different types of natural resources found in or on the land
geological maps
Geological maps
  • Explains the structure of the earth and how it is believed to have been formed.
population density maps
Population density maps
  • Uses colors to show population density, or average of people living in a square mile.
climate map
Climate map
  • Summarize information about an area’s rain, snow, and temperatures through the year.
    • Geographers divided the earth into four major climate regions;
          • Tropical
          • Dry
          • Mid-latitude
          • High latitude