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In 1967 the World Health Organization embarked on a World Eradication Program.
Smallpox is a good candidate for eradication because:
On December 13, 2002 President Bush announced a plan to better protect the American people against the threat of smallpox attack by hostile groups or governments:
Strengthening Homeland Security
Progressive Vaccinia (Vaccinia Gangrenosa)
Vaccinia immunoglobin (VIG) is a collection of antibodies prepared from the blood of people who have been vaccinated against smallpox. Individuals that are at high risk for adverse reactions to the vaccinia virus can be given VIG along with the vaccine. It is also used to treat people who have had adverse affects to the vaccine.
Individuals that are at high risk to side effects are those that have the following conditions:
In the event of a smallpox outbreak:
Former Soviet colonel and doctor Kanatjan Alibekov, now known as Ken Alibek was the 1st Deputy Chief of the secret Soviet germ warfare program, Biopreparat, from 1988 to 1992.
In 1992, Dr. Alibek defected to the US and has since spent his time briefing U.S. Military, Intelligence and medical officials about biological weapons and defenses. Dr. Alibek holds both M.D. And PhD. Degrees.
In a recent interview Alibek admitted:
for years it (Soviet Union) was researching the ways to genetically alter variola major by inserting some new genes in this virus genome.
Q: If you had to pick one (1) bio-weapon for an terrorist attack on the USA, based on former Soviet doctrine, which one would you chose?A: Smallpox.
Large amount not needed in enclosed space.
NBC incident difficult to recognize.
Easily spread over large areas.
Can overwhelm existing resources.
According to the Stockholm international peace research institute, the cost to inflict civilian casualties is $2000 per square kilometer with conventional weapons, $800 with nuclear weapons, and $1 with biological weapons.Why Bio Terrorism?
Maximum respiratory infection is caused by a particle in the 1 to 5 micron size range. This particle will reach the alveoli during normal respiration.
(trapped in upper airways)
1-5 micron particles
Most Likely Agent
Radiological (C/B Possible)
- Significant(Line Source)
- Moderate/Significant (Point Source)
Biological or Chemical
Biological or Chemical