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The Disappearance of Women. Raising Up Esther Workshop. The Disappearance of Women. Vae victis ! Woe to the conquered! . “In the codes of all the nations which are called civilized, man has written the laws which govern the destiny of women in these cruel terms: Vae victis! ”

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vae victis woe to the conquered
Vae victis!Woe to the conquered!

“In the codes of all the nations which are called civilized, man has written the laws which govern the destiny of women in these cruel terms: Vae victis!”

Honore de Balzac


  • miso (hatred)
  • gyne (woman)
  • Misogyny = the hatred of woman
social darwinism
Social Darwinism

“The chief distinction in the intellectual powers of the two sexes is shown by man's attaining to a higher eminence, in whatever he takes up, than can woman whether requiring deep thought, reason, or imagination, or merely the use of the senses and hands…. We may also infer … that if men are capable of a decided pre-eminence over women in many subjects, the average of mental power in man must be above that of woman.”

Charles Darwin

the death of female
The Death of Female
  • Femalicide: The death of woman
  • Feminicide: The death of the feminine metaphysic

In the modern world a single, unfettered, male is the ideal!

the disappearance of women
The Disappearance of Women

“By entering the public sphere at the expense of the private, woman legitimated the male world and rejected her own.”

Lilian Calles Barger

Eve’s Revenge

the disappearance of women7
The Disappearance of Women

These movements “allow us to become, in a sense, invisible as women and able to navigate the male-defined public world with less notice.”

Lilian Calles Barger

Eve’s Revenge

the rise of feminism
The Rise of Feminism
  • Christ was the first feminist
  • First wave – Maternal Feminism
  • Second wave – Modern Feminism
  • Third wave – Post-modern Feminism
first wave maternal feminism
First Wave: Maternal Feminism
  • 19th – early 20th century
  • Biblical worldview or its memory
  • Interested in others
  • Woman valued in
    • Being - humanity
    • Function - motherhood
maternal feminist s fight
Maternal Feminist’s Fight
  • Against male value system and power structure
  • To get women out of the sweatshops and into the home
  • For a family wage
  • Pro-life
  • Abolition of slavery
  • Woman’s suffrage
maternal feminists leaders
Maternal Feminists Leaders
  • Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906)
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1850-1902)
second wave modern feminism
Second Wave:Modern Feminism
  • Mid to late 20th century
  • Secular Humanism – Meta-narrative
  • Interested in self
  • Women valued their being but not in their function
modern feminist s fight
Modern Feminist’s Fight
  • Stood against female value system
  • To get women out of the home into the marketplace
  • Pro-abortion
  • Sexual revolution – sex without responsibility
influence of communism
Influence of Communism
  • Materialism: Human beings are “instruments of production”
  • Woman’s ideal place is in the workplace
  • Woman’s worth is as a producer of products, not children
worth in the market place
Worth in the Market Place

“Money is the marker of success in a market economy; it usually accompanies power, and it enables the bearer to wield power, including within the family.”

Linda Hirshman

Brandeis University

mothers are like animals
Mothers Are Like Animals

“… man was set apart from other animals by his mind’s power to have an idea, a vision, and shape the future to it. … when he discovers, and creates and shapes a future different from his past, he is a man, a human being.”

Betty Friedan

The Feminine Mystique

being female is second class
Being Female is Second Class

The things that men used to do to degrade women, now modern feminists use to degrade women!

peter drucker on modern feminists
Peter Drucker on Modern Feminists

“We are busily unmaking one of the proudest social achievements in the nineteenth century, which was to take married women out of the work force so that they could devote themselves to family and children.”

the anti maternal
The Anti-Maternal
  • Women who change their children’s diapers have "voluntarily become untouchables." - Professor Hirshman
  • ”[V]acuuming the living room floor – with or without makeup – is not work that takes enough thought or energy to challenge any woman’s full capacity.” - Betty Friedan The Feminine Mystique
un pregnant
  • Enabled women to be like men:
    • Not pregnant
    • In the marketplace
  • When sexism and feminism define personhood as being “male” [not pregnant] then knives and chemicals make women like men!
the pill
“The Pill”

“For the average woman, the pill has provided a way to divorce sex from procreation, so she can make herself available to any sexual partner she chooses at the moment. A woman is now considered to be available 24/7/365.”

Lilian Calles Barger

Eve’s Revenge

emptying the womb abortion
Emptying the Womb:Abortion

“The widely practiced violence of abortion is not a sign of progress but a sign that women’s reproductive ability needs to be exterminated in order for society to go ‘forward.’ In an environment hostile to women’s bodies and through abortion, women participate in a war against their own bodies, objectifying them.”


Eve’s Revenge

consequences of the anti maternal
Consequences of the Anti-Maternal

“Fertility in eighty-three countries representing 44% of the world’s population has fallen below replacement levels; in the developed countries, the net reproduction rate is 0.7 and dropping, which means that the next generation will be only 70% as large as this one.”

Philip Yancey

radical individualism
Radical Individualism
  • “me” not “us”
  • self absorption not self sacrificing
  • being in authority, never under authority
  • self serving rather than other serving
  • personal freedom without personal responsibility
third wave feminists post modern feminism
Late 20th and early 21st century

Secular Humanism – No Meta-narrative

Interested in

Overthrowing male – female distinctions


Female and male are equal (the same)

Third Wave Feminists:Post-modern Feminism
post modernism
  • There is no Meta-narrative like:
    • Biblical Theism
    • Darwinism
  • No Essentialism – The idea that men and women are essentially different
    • 1st Wave – Women and men are different and equal
    • 2nd Wave – Men and women are different and men are better
post modernism31
  • 3rd Wave Feminism
    • There is no meta-narrative
    • Monism: “All is one!”
    • All distinctions blur and disappear
  • Application
    • In the metaphysics of sex: no masculine and feminine
    • In the biology of sex: no male and female
post modern feminist s fight
Post-modern Feminist’sFight
  • Stand against male value system
  • Against sexual distinctions
  • Promote Androgyny
    • Transcendent sexuality disappears
    • Maleness and femaleness disappears
  • Two Greek words:
    • andros – male
    • gyne – female
  • Androgyny literally means:

“male and female in one”

the metaphysical roots of androgyny
The Metaphysical Roots of Androgyny
  • Neo-paganism
    • Monism – “All is one”
    • Pantheism – “everything is god!”
  • Religions of Neo-paganism
    • Hinduism
    • Buddhism
    • Taoism
    • New Age
the metaphysic of androgyny
The Metaphysic of Androgyny
  • Monism: “All is one!”
  • This leads to a transcendent androgynous (fusion of masculine and feminine)
  • Because the metaphysical root is androgyny, ultimately:
    • gender roles are interchangeable
    • sex itself is elastic
sociological maxim
Sociological Maxim
  • Before changing a society, you must first change the language of the culture
  • Whoever controls the language controls the culture
elasticity of language
Sacredness of Life





Quality of Life



Tissue or product of conception


Elasticity of Language
deconstructing sex

Biological term

Implies distinction: i.e., male and female

Is not elastic

Is grounded in the essence of biological and psychological differentiation


Sociological term

Defined by societal usage

Gender is elastic

We can construct our own reality

Deconstructing Sex
lifestyle choices
“Lifestyle Choices”
  • Heterosexual: traditional female and male
  • Homosexual: gay and lesbian
  • Bisexual: relating sexually to both men and women
  • Transvestites: someone who dresses and acts like someone of the opposite sex
  • Transgender: someone who has undergone surgery to “change” their sex
change definition marriage
Change Definition:Marriage
  • Marriage: “A sacred covenant, before God, between one man and one woman ‘until death do us part!’”
  • Marriage: “A social contract, before a civil society, between a man and a woman until we divorce.”
  • Marriage: “A personal commitment between consenting adults as long as it is convenient.”

In the Postmodern world, secular materialism is being combined with a pagan spirituality to shape a new language and ultimately a whole new world order.

the elasticity of sex gender confusion
The Elasticity of Sex:Gender Confusion
  • There is no ultimate meaning to our sexuality or to our bodies
  • There are no role distinctions between men and women
  • Equality, in modern feminism, means sameness
the elasticity of sex gender confusion43
The Elasticity of Sex:Gender Confusion
  • This interchangeability takes place:
    • In work - the marketplace
    • In the military
    • In the home
    • In the church
    • It is even being pushed in the act of procreation
the proto change
The Proto Change
  • Began with 2nd Wave Feminism
    • Unisex clothing
    • Unisex hair styles
    • Cross-dressing
      • Either as a uniform (women wearing ties and vests)
      • as a sexual statement (men dressing as women or women dressing in men’s clothing)
proto change
Proto Change
  • University Campus Housing
    • First, separated dorms
    • Second, men and women to house in the same dorms, but on different floors
    • Third, men and women living on the same floors but in different rooms
    • Fourth, men and women inhabit ‘gender neutral’ facilities, using the same rooms, restrooms and showers
post modern feminism s blank slate
Post-modern Feminism’s Blank Slate

“The body becomes plastic, inscribed with gender and cultural standards. … The constitution of the body rests in its inscription; the body becomes the text which is written upon it and from which it is indistinguishable….”

Pippa Brush

3rd Wave Feminist

our bodies are a blank slate
Our Bodies Are A Blank Slate
  • In Postmodernism, our bodies reveal nothing. They are:
    • A blank canvas upon which to paint
    • A blank piece of paper upon which to write
    • A white board on which to draw
cutting the flesh pt 1 vanity
Cutting the Flesh Pt. 1Vanity
  • Cosmetic Surgery
  • Liposuction
deconstructing sexuality
Deconstructing Sexuality
  • Transsexual surgery
  • Reproductive technology
    • Abortion – sculpting the womb – like a man
    • Sperm bank – donor sperm for
      • Single women
      • Lesbian couples
    • (Research) genetic material from lesbian or homosexual couple used to make an egg and sperm, so child is genetic makeup of both partners
the elasticity of the body
The Elasticity of the Body
  • 3rd Wave Feminists and Queer Theory advocates
    • Denying the reality of the hard facts of biology
    • Affirming the opinion of ideology
the cutting edge of societal devolution
The Cutting Edge ofSocietal Devolution
  • Polygamy – many spouses
  • Pedophilia – sex with children (already moving into the mainstream)
  • Necrophilia – sex with dead bodies
  • Bestiality – sex with animals
historian william manchester
Historian William Manchester

“[T]he erasure of distinctions between the sexes is not only the most striking issue of our time, it may be the most profound the race has ever confronted.”

evangelical feminism
Evangelical Feminism

Francis Schaeffer

“Tell me what the world is saying today, and I’ll tell you what the church will be saying seven years from now.”

heeding the crushing of women
Heeding the Crushing of Women

Much of the Church in the western world has correctly, if slowly, recognized and responded to the crushing of women by Sexism.

  • Christian Feminists
    • More consciously secularists
    • Challenge the authority of Scripture
    • Represent the liberal wing of the church
  • Evangelical Feminists or Biblical Feminists
    • Have a high view of Scripture
    • Would claim to believe in the authority of Scripture
    • Desire to challenge the traditional interpretation of Scripture - specifically in the realm of hierarchy roles in the church and in the family
trinitarian equality
Trinitarian Equality
  • All human beings are made in the image of God
  • All human beings have “one blood”
  • All humans are equal in dignity, value and worth
  • Unity and diversity in community
monistic equalitarianism
Monistic Equalitarianism
  • Function from philosophic and religious Monism – “god is one,” absolutely and indivisibly one
  • Response to Atomism - absolute differentiation - Sexism
  • Egalitarian asserts that to be equal means to be the same: undifferentiated, interchangeable, identical, or indistinguishable
monistic equalitarianism58
Monistic Equalitarianism
  • Affirms the equality of human beings at the expense of diversity
  • Denies transcendent masculine and feminine
  • Denies that there is any role or function differentiation between women and men
  • Promotes role interchangeability for men and women
  • Ultimately leads to androgyny
the hermeneutical principle
The Hermeneutical Principle
  • Evangelical feminists tend to compromise Trinitarianism with Monism
  • The weight being towards Monism
  • The worldview of Monism creates the framework for their hermeneutical principle
critique of evangelical feminists
Critique of Evangelical Feminists

“Biblical feminists formulated a definition of equality for Christian women that concurred with the definition put forth by secular society. Equality meant role-interchangeability. With this definition in hand, Biblical feminists turned to the Bible. They found that while the Bible did teach the essential equality of women and men, it also taught role differentiation....

“…. In order to harmonize the Bible’s teachings with their view of equality, these feminists found it necessary to determine which Scriptural texts were dynamic and which were static, which were inspired and which were the author’s bias, which were true and which were in error. In doing so, Biblical feminists adopted a feminist mind-set. …
“…Christian feminists adopted this mentality when they used their own definition of equality to judge the validity and applicability of the Bible. … Even for conservative evangelical feminists, women’s experience became the new norm for Biblical study and theological interpretation.”
elasticity of the bible
God the



Holy Spirit




God the







Elasticity of the Bible
cut from the same cloth
Cut From the Same Cloth

“… religious and secular feminism were of the same essence. They were based on the same presuppositions, and were therefore destined to intersect and merge. …The alteration of God-language and the increasing hermeneutic of liberty employed by feminist theologians had catapulted the religious movement forward onto the same path as that of secular feminism.”

Mary Kassian The Feminist Gospel

the rise of androgyny in the church
The Rise of AndrogynyIn the Church

As Evangelical Feminists race towards the interchangeability of the sexes they rob men and women of the glory of their uniqueness and contribute to

the disappearance of women!