Mount Everest. Mount Everest. Where is Everest? . Mt. Everest. Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. It rises about 5 1/2 miles (8.9 kilometers) above sea level. It is one of the mountains that make up the Himalaya, on the frontiers of Tibet and Nepal, north of India.
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Why is it called Mountain Everest?
Mount Everest was named after Sir George Everest (1790-1866), the surveyor-general of India who was the first to produce detailed maps of the Indian subcontintent including the Himalayas.
Mallory's body was not found for another 75 years, in May 1999. No evidence was found on his body—such as a camera containing photos of the summit, or a diary entry recording their time of arrival at the summit—to clear up the mystery of whether these two Everest pioneers made it to the top before the mountain killed them.
Ten more expeditions over a period of thirty years failed to conquer Everest, with 13 losing their lives. Then, at 11:30 am on May 29, 1953, Edmund Hillary, a New Zealand beekeeper, and Tenzing Norgay, an acclaimed Sherpaclimber, became the first to reach the roof of the world. Their climb was made from the Nepalese side, which had eased its restrictions on foreigners at about the same time that Tibet, invaded in 1950 by China, shut its borders.
World famous overnight, Hillary became a hero of the British empire—the news reached London just in time for Elizabeth II's coronation—and Tenzing was touted as a symbol of national pride by three separate nations: Nepal, Tibet, and India.
Edmund Hillary was one of the members of the expedition led by Eric Shipton in 1951 that discovered the southern route to the top of the mountain.
Sir Edmund Hillary poses with Sherpa climber Tenzing Norgay at Everest base
They looked for signs of George Mallory and Andrew "Sandy" Irvine who had disappeared in 1924 in a similar attempt to conquer Everest, but found nothing.
Then they began the slow and tortuous descent to rejoin their team leader Colonel John Hunt further down the mountain at Camp VI.
Col Hunt attributed the successful climb to advice from other mountaineers who had attempted the feat over the years, careful planning, excellent open-circuit oxygen equipment and good weather.
Sir Edmund took part in several expeditions after that including a trip across Antarctica to the South Pole in 1958 and to the source of the Yangtze River. He set up a medical and educational trust, the Himalayan Trust for the Sherpa people in 1961 and was New Zealand High Commissioner to India in Delhi from 1984 to 1989.
Tenzing Norgay was awarded the George Medal for his achievement and later became director of the Himalayan Mountaineering Institute, Darjeeling. He died in 1986.