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The Home Front. The Defence of the Realm Act. Aims:. Identify the purpose of the Defence of the Realm Act. Examine some of the restrictions placed on peoples’ lives during the war. The Home Front. During the First World War, Britain was ‘fighting’ a war on two fronts:

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the defence of the realm act

The Home Front

The Defence of the Realm Act

slide2
Aims:
  • Identify the purpose of the Defence of the Realm Act.
  • Examine some of the restrictions placed on peoples’ lives during the war.
the home front
The Home Front

During the First World War, Britain was

‘fighting’ a war on two fronts:

  • On the Western Front, soldiers were directly involved in fighting the war from the trenches.
  • On the Home Front, ordinary British people (civilians) also had an important role to play.
the home front1
The Home Front

During the course of the war peoples’ lives

changed dramatically as the whole country

worked together to win the war:

DORA

Food Shortages

Propaganda

The Home

Front

Censorship

Women At War

Conscription

the defence of the realm act 1914
The Defence of the Realm Act 1914
  • This was a law passed in August 1914 and gave the government new powers to introduce whatever restrictions were necessary to protect the country.
  • DORA immediately changed people lives in a number of ways
the effects of dora
The Effects of DORA

DORA allowed the government to

introduce various restrictions:

  • direct labour (tell people to work in certain vital industries)
  • order a blackout at night
  • censor the press
think
Think…

Why would the government believe that the following

restrictions were necessary?

Discuss your thoughts with the person(s) beside you

  • No-one was allowed to give bread to horses or chickens
  • No-one was allowed to use invisible ink when writing abroad
  • No-one was allowed to light bonfires or fireworks
  • The government introduced British Summer Time to give more daylight for extra work
  • Opening hours in pubs were cut, beer was watered down and customers in pubs were not allowed to buy a round of drinks
  • No one could own homing pigeons without permission.
the effects of dora1
The Effects of DORA

If you had been a British civilian

during the First World War which

restriction would you have disliked

the most?

Remember to give a reason for your

answer!!

managing weapons production
Managing Weapons Production
  • The British government had to ensure that there were enough munitions being produced in the UK to keep the war effort going.
  • It the early stages of the war there were huge shortages of shells which was effecting the armies ability to fight.
  • In response to this shortage THE MINISTRY OF MUNITIONS was created to oversee wartime production.
managing weapons production1
Managing Weapons Production

David Lloyd George was the

new Minister of Munitions. He

had the power to:

  • Take over factories
  • Set up new factories
  • Take over land to build new factories.
  • Control supplies of coal
  • Control the railways