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The Interplay of. Funding. Policy. for infrastructure at NSF. Richard S. Hirsh. History - 1. Pre-history 1970s: Academic Computer Centers decline late 70s - early 80s: Studies of academic needs (Lax Report, December 1982) Start-up & establishemnt late 1983: NSF starts Centers Program

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slide1

The Interplay of

Funding

Policy

for infrastructure at NSF

Richard S. Hirsh

history 1
History - 1
  • Pre-history
    • 1970s: Academic Computer Centers decline
    • late 70s - early 80s: Studies of academic needs (Lax Report, December 1982)
  • Start-up & establishemnt
    • late 1983: NSF starts Centers Program
    • June 1986: Five NSF Centers operational
  • First Renewal
    • May 1989: Four Centers renewed for five years
slide3

SAN DIEGO SUPERCOMPUTER

CENTER

PITTSBURGH SUPERCOMPUTING CENTER

CRAY X-MP 48

CRAY X-MP 48

1987 NSF

Supercomputer

Centers

Configuration

NATIONAL CENTER FOR

SUPERCOMPUTING APPLICATIONS

CORNELL THEORY CENTER

IBM 3090/400

CRAY X-MP 24

history 2
History - 2
  • MetaCenter & Expansion
    • 1992: Metacenter concept announced
    • 1993: Blue Ribbon Panel on High Performance Computing
    • 1994: Metacenter Regional Alliances
    • 1995: Task Force on Future of NSF Supercomputer Centers
  • Partnerships for Advanced Computational Infrastructure (PACI)
    • 1997: PACI Program initiated
slide5

Metacenter - 1995

Cray YMP

Cray 2

TMC CM2

Convex C3

TMC CM5

NCSA

Intel Paragon

Cray C90

SDSC

PSC

Cray C90

Cray T3D

CTC

nCUBE2

TMC CM2

IBM SP-1

Kendall Square

KSR1

IBM ES9000

history 21
History - 2
  • MetaCenter & Expansion
    • 1992: Metacenter concept announced
    • 1993: Blue Ribbon Panel on High Performance Computing
    • 1994: Metacenter Regional Alliances
    • 1995: Task Force on Future of NSF Supercomputer Centers (Hayes Report)
  • Partnerships for Advanced Computational Infrastructure (PACI)
    • 1997: PACI Program initiated
history 3
History - 3
  • Terascale Computing Initiative
    • 1999: Workshops on need for high-end (Terascale) systems
    • 2000: TCS
    • 2001: DTF (TeraGrid)
    • 2003: ETF
  • Cyberinfrastructure
lessons learned from the nsf experience
Lessons Learned from the NSF Experience
  • Community input is essential for policy formation
  • Always expect that the architects of the infrastructure will expand your original vision – Don’t be prescriptive
  • As the primary supporter NSF could create guidelines for its grantees; the initial goals for participants were uniformly NSF’s – we were not “federating” already existing facilities