FAITH, FISH ‘N FUR. Introduction to AMERICAN EXPANSION OLLI 2010. Manifest Destiny. OUTLINE – 1. I. Purpose II. Details III Narratives A. National B. Personal “Proper use of Soil” Imperial competition. Your family stores. PURPOSE. The Gift Outright.
"... The glory of a next Augustan ageOf a power leading from its strength and pride,Of young ambition eager to be tried,Firm in our free beliefs without dismay,In any game the nations want to play.A golden age of poetry and powerOf which this noonday's the beginning hour."
One: The American Dream.
Two: Manifest Destiny
"The American Dream is "that dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement. It is a difficult dream for the European upper classes to interpret adequately, and too many of us ourselves have grown weary and mistrustful of it. It is not a dream of motor cars and high wages merely, but a dream of social order in which each man and each woman shall be able to attain to the fullest stature of which they are innately capable, and be recognized by others for what they are, regardless of the fortuitous circumstances of birth or position.“ James TruslowAdams, 1931
Westward the Course of Empire: Manifest Destiny was the 19th century American belief that the United States (often in the ethnically specific form of the "Anglo-Saxon race") was destined to expand across the North American continent, from the Atlantic seaboard to the Pacific Ocean. It was used by Democrats in the 1840s to justify the war with Mexico; the concept was denounced by Whigs, and fell into disuse after the mid 1850s.
Contact between First Nations and Europeans.
the propriety of purchasing their Lands in preference to attempting to drive them by force of arms out of their Country; which as we have already experienced is like driving the Wild Beasts of the Forest which will return us soon as the pursuit is at an end and fall perhaps on those that are left there; when the gradual extension of our Settlements will as certainly cause the Savage as the Wolf to retire; both being beasts of prey tho' they differ in shape. In a word there is nothing to be obtained by an Indian War but the Soil they live on and this can be had by purchase at less expence, and without that bloodshed, and those distresses which helpless Women and Children are made partakers of in all kinds of disputes with them.Washington to Congress on Indian removal
4. The whole earth is the Lord's garden, and he hath given it to the sons of men with a general commission (Gen. i.28) to increase and multiply, and replenish the earth and subdue it, which was again renewed to Noah; the end is double and natural, that man might enjoy the fruits of the earth and God might have his due glory from the creature. Why then should we stand here striving for places of habitation, etc. (many men spending as much labor and cost to recover or keep sometimes an acre or two of land as would procure them many, and as good or better, in another country), and in the meantime suffer a whole continent as fruitful and convenient for the use of man to lie waste without any improvement?Winthrop’s Fourth Reason
Late summer is when we begin to harvest maize, or corn, our most important crop. Here, a mother and daughter pick ripe ears of maize and put them into a woodsplint pack basket. The mother makes the job easier by using a woven strap called a tumpline across her forehead, so that her hands are free to pick the maize and the basket is always right where she needs it. Women do most of the work in our gardens, but children, teenagers, and elders help. Families and friends pitch in and work together. Harvesting isn't all work, though; it's a time to chat, catch up on news, laugh, and tell stories. It's also an opportunity for adults to teach children all about growing crops.
“only squaws and hedgehogs are made to scratch the ground.”
Dutch, Portuguese, Spanish, Russian, French & English
"Go West, young man, and grow up with the country."