The Forgotten Marsh Part 3. a presentation by Guive Mirfendereski 24 Carleton Street, Newton, Massachusetts 02458 Phone: (617) 964-5252 . Email: Guive@aol.com December 2008. What’s coming?. PRODUCT. - 80,000+ sq. ft. of artificial turf - 10 lbs of material/sq. ft. of carpet
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a presentation by
24 Carleton Street, Newton, Massachusetts 02458
Phone: (617) 964-5252 . Email: Guive@aol.com
- 10 lbs of material/sq. ft. of carpet
- 400 tons of material to be disposed at replacement time
- 100 tons of crumb rubber – usually form shredded used tires, derived from 20,000-22,000 tires
- Impervious surface
- Heat island
- Unmitigated carbon footprint.
Environment & Human Health, Inc., North Haven,
Connecticut/Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station
More than two dozen chemicals, including Benzothiazole,
Butylated hydroxyanisole, N-hexadecane, and 4-(toctyl)
Phenol come with crumb rubber.
New legislation will essentially eliminate lead in all children's products,
require safety testing of toys before they hit the market, and give the
Consumer Product Safety Commission more muscle and a bigger
budget. All good. But that doesn't mean we're in the clear …. And then
there are those artificial-turf playing fields. Various government
agencies are at odds over whether the levels of lead found in some of
them should worry us. CU thinks it should, and we've asked the
appropriate agencies to assess all risks and not ignore research that
Jim Guest, “Safe Enough? No.” Consumer Reports, January 2009.
Online: Consumerreports.org, December 1, 2008.
Lewiston, Maine ordinance
The tree planting offset requirements to achieve a 10-year carbon neutral synthetic turf installation at one American football field (exclusive of end zones and sidelined) id estimated to be 930.5 conifer trees.
Estimating the Required Global Warming Offsets to Achieve a Carbon Neutral Synthetic Field Turf System Installation, by Jamie Meil and Lindita Bush, Athena Institute, Toronto, Canada, 2006.
Per U.S. Department of Energy estimate (1998), a medium growth coniferous tree, planted in an urban setting and allowed to grow for 10 years, sequesters 23.2 lbs of carbon, equivalent to 0.039 metric ton of carbon dioxide.
The tree planting offset requirements to achieve a 10-year carbon neutral synthetic turf installation was estimated to be 1861 trees.
[Artificial turf] surfaces are among the hottest possible for urban areas, rivaling dark roofs and fresh asphalt. Measuring at 140 to 160 degrees Fahrenheit, they create heat islands.
Stuart Gaffin, Center for Climate Systems Research, Columbia University, asquoted in Connie Paige, “Turf wars heat up,” The Boston Globe, March 25, 2007
At 11 a.m. on an August  morning, for example, the fake grass at Veterans Memorial Field in Waltham measured 126 degrees. Hotter than a patch of natural grass. Hotter than a nearby strip of concrete, too.
reported byMegan Woolhouse, “The Grass-roots uprising,” The Boston Globe, September 13, 2007.
Loss of Groundwater
Effect on Flora & Fauna
“The impervious nature of artificial turf is also something of concern to EOEA. We presently discourage impervious surfaces in the form of roads, parking lots, and buildings and it would be a shame to have impervious surfaces in parks as well.”
There is no updated comprehensive inventory of wildlife for WR #16.
The 1977 Conservators’ survey lists Grasshopper sparrow and
Warblers present in WR #16. Some warblers and grasshopper sparrow are endangered species.
We simply do not know what else we have The Forgotten Marsh. We need to find out before all is lost.
An unfinished inventory
(Summer 2008 – present)
Ed Colletta, spokesman, Mass. DEP, as reported by Megan Woolhouse, “The Grass-roots uprising,” The Boston Globe, September 13, 2007
James C. Colman, Asst Comm.,
Bureau of Waste Prevention,
Mass. DEP – Feb 2008
In connection with Wayland High School, in October 2006, an “independent” laboratory test was performed as to the quality of the leachate that is created after stormwater percolates through the infilled system. Two methods were used. In one, the lab tested the leachate by sampling drainage outflows of several artificial turf fields in Massachusetts. In the second method, the lab used Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure (EPA Method 1312) to extract leachate from crumb rubber and test the fluid for total solids (metal), volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and PAHs.
 Leachate Analysis Report (Gale JN 71 2050), Wayland High School Athletic Facility Submitted to Wayland Conservation Commission, October 31, 2006
4. Chromium is known to be a human carcinogen and even in small quantities will have a detrimental effect on drinking water supplies.
5. Thallium is especially toxic to the human skin and if ingested. It is a know carcinogen, and its presence in the leachate even in detectable amounts is of special concern.
7. Apparently, the test did not look for inorganic chloride levels.
8. Seasonal variations require that the runoff of tire-crumb be tested on a cold October day as well as on a hot August day, as different results would obtain in the different temperatures.
10. The fields that have been in place for years are suitable for tests that determine the level of metals of concern -- especially zinc, copper, lead, chromium (and thallium) in the sedimentation near the outfalls.
An alternative design relocating the outfall pipe out of the zone of the well field;
Infiltration trench design, including two test pits;
Operation and management plan to address a potential threat to the public water supply: a redesigned stormwater management system with an outfall pipe and vegetated swale located outside of the 100-foot buffer zone associated with bordering vegetated wetland.
Town’s measures in response to DEP’s Superseding order was not enough to effectively reduce significant soluble nutrients such as phosphorus and toxic contaminants found in tire rubber leachate
Inadequately safeguard as to discharges on wetland and riparian organisms. Insufficient information to determine the impact on the wetland resource with its environmental sensitivity, and presence of rare species mapped habitat. Unacceptable to have any runoff from the project affect refuge lands.
Failure to address adequately the effects of toxic leachate from the tire crumb infill discharging into the bordering wetlands and areas of high aquatic sensitivity.
The municipality in consultation of citizens’ group shall hire and pay for an independent consultant to develop a testing protocol and conduct testing of the leachate from the field for contaminants associated with leachate from synthetic turf and tires which is likely to have adverse effects on drinking water or wetland resources in the municipality.
If the leachate from the field is having or is likely to have adverse effects on wetlands resources in the municipality, then the municipality shall take such steps to remediate and/or prevent any such effects in a reasonable and timely manner.
The municipality shall endeavor to use commercially available and reasonable non-toxic products in cleaning, disinfecting, maintaining, and repairing the field, and shall notify an officer or director of the municipal board of health of the application of such products.
When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof. The process of applying the Precautionary Principle must be open, informed and democratic and must include potentially affected parties. It must also involve an examination of the full range of alternatives, including no action.