Questions that Adjectives Answer • Adjective-a word that describes or modifies a noun or a pronoun. • Adjectives answer these 3 questions: • What kind? Green backpack, spicy stew • Which one? Third hike, last hamburger • How many? Two flashlights, many insects
Articles are Adjectives Too • Articles a, an, the are adjectives. • Use an before a word that begins with a vowel. Ex. an apple • Use a before a word that begins with a consonant. Ex. a tent • Use the when you want to refer to a specific person, place, thing, or idea. • Ex. The hiker tripped on the trail.
Proper Adjectives • Proper adjectives are formed from a proper noun. • Proper NounProper Adjective • China Chinese • Ireland Irish • Mars Martian • America American • Central Park is now an American landmark.
Demonstrative Adjectives Demonstrative Adjectives are the same as the Demonstrative Pronouns. They are used as adjectives when they modify (describe) nouns or pronouns. this, that, these, those Examples: This canoe is made of wood and leather. These canoes are made of aluminum.
Comparative • A comparative form of an adjective or adverb is when you compare a person or thing with one other person or thing. You use er to most one syllable words. • Example: Mt. Rainier is higherthan Mt. Hood.
Superlative Adjectives: A superlative form of an adjective or adverb is when you compare someone or something with more than one other person or thing. You use est to two syllable adjectives and use moreor most with some two syllable or more than 2 syllable adjectives or adverbs. Ex: Mt. Everest is the highest of all three mountains.
Examples • One syllable: • AdjectiveComparative Superlative • thin thinner thinnest • brave braver bravest • Two Syllable: • AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative • shallow shallower shallowest • awful more awful most awful
More Examples • More than 2 syllables: • AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative • beautiful more beautiful most beautiful • dangerous more dangerous most dangerous • Irregular forms: • AdjectivesComparativeSuperlative • good better best • bad worse worst
Good/Well Good is an adjective when it tells what kind. Example: That candy bar looks good. Well is an adjective when it describes a noun or pronoun’s health. It is an adverb when it tells how something is done. Example: Brad does not feel well this morning. ADJ Ellen danced well in the competition. ADV