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Theories of Forgetting. Theories of forgetting can be difficult to test as we may in fact not forget, but have trouble retrieving information from storage. Therefore it is possible that these theories can explain why we are unable to retrieve a memory or why it is distorted.

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theories of forgetting
Theories of Forgetting
  • Theories of forgetting can be difficult to test as we may in fact not forget, but have trouble retrieving information from storage.
  • Therefore it is possible that these theories can explain why we are unable to retrieve a memory or why it is distorted.
theories of forgetting2
Theories of Forgetting
  • Two factors involved in forgetting:
  • Accessibility: The information available can be accessed at a specific time/place.
  • Availability: The information is represented in the memory.
theories of forgetting3
Theories of Forgetting
  • Freud: Repression, conscious process of burying memories to protect ego.
  • The emotions associated with the repressed memory may be recovered, or express themselves through:
  • Dream Analysis.
  • Hypnosis.
  • Free Association.
forgetting in stm
Forgetting in STM.
  • Trace Decay: Unless information is refreshed or rehearsed will spontaneously fade or decay over time.
  • Displacement: Only a fixed number of slots in memory capacity. New information will displace old when capacity is reached.
forgetting in ltm
Forgetting in LTM.
  • Interference: More information will be stored and become confused together.
  • Retrieval Failure:
  • Information may be available but temporarily inaccessible
what are cues aid retrieval recall
What are cues aid retrieval?recall

learns

Good recall

Poor recall

Good recall

learns

recall