UNODC response to support border protection issues and cross-border cooperation
NEED to KNOW • In many instances there is no possibility to physically protect the borders – because of terrain, length (thousands of km), lack of human resources, etc.; • Cross border issues and border protection are not limited to the physical border itself; • Not limited to one country – as border always have “other” side (not vacuum); • It is a part of the wider cooperation both at national and regional level.
Helping the countries to develop their capacities • To use intelligence led approach • Working across the borders • Training • Equipment • To conduct operations • special investigative techniques– for instance, controlled deliveries
Border liaison offices Country A Police Customs Border Guards Others • Exchange of information; • Daily cooperation; • Focal point; • Relevant agencies involved;S.E.Asia and C.Asia Country B Police Customs Border Guards Others
AIRCOP • Risk assessment; • Profiling of passengers; • Building operational links between the countries and their airports (law enforcement) • Developing this approach as part of a bigger law enforcement;AFRICA and LATIN AMERICA
Container Control Programme • Addressing cross-border container shipments through: • Sea ports • Dry ports • Air ports (cargo) • More details will follow.
Why Networks? Promote/strengthen regional as well as national responses Provide platforms and support for the exchange of information re: focal points, legal systems, procedures, & good practices Establish contacts and build trust that facilitates information sharing and cooperation related to ongoing investigations/prosecutions
Promoting regional structures to support cross border and regional cooperation • Prosecutorial and Central Authorities • Law Enforcement • Financial Intelligence
Prosecutorial and Central Authorities • REFCO, WACAP, Central Asia, East Africa, Gulf States • Focal points, • Regular meetings • Cooperation in criminal matters • MLA and Extradition
Law Enforcement Ensuring exchange of criminal intelligence; Coordinating multilateral operations; Serving as a platform for operational initiatives – for instance meetings of the case officers investigating real cases • Joint Planning Cell – Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan • Gulf Criminal Intelligence Centre to Combat Drugs (GCIC) - Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia & UAE • CARICC – Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; • Others
Networking the Networks APICC Europol WCO CARICC SELEC Interpol JPC GCIC
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION(to be followed by CCP presentation) • TofikMurshudlu • Chief ISS/OCB/DTA