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Comparative Emergency Management. Session 4 Slide Deck. Session Objectives. Provide an overview of various international efforts to enhance the practice of emergency management Describe international efforts to provide standard performance measures for the emergency management profession .

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comparative emergency management

Comparative Emergency Management

Session 4 Slide Deck

Session 4

session objectives
Session Objectives
  • Provide an overview of various international efforts to enhance the practice of emergency management
  • Describe international efforts to provide standard performance measures for the emergency management profession

Session 4

the idndr
The IDNDR
  • International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
  • 1990-2000
  • Mission:
    • “improve each United Nations (UN) member country’s capacity to prevent or diminish adverse effects from natural disasters and to establish guidelines for applying existing science and technology to reduce the impact of natural disasters”

Session 4

idndr goals
IDNDR Goals
  • Improve each country’s capacity to mitigate the effects of natural disasters
  • Devise appropriate guidelines and strategies for applying existing scientific and technical knowledge
  • Foster scientific and engineering endeavors aimed at closing critical gaps in knowledge
  • Disseminate existing and new technical information
  • Develop measures for the assessment, prediction, prevention, and mitigation of natural disasters

Session 4

yokohama strategy
Yokohama Strategy
  • May 1994
  • Product of a meeting to measure the progress of IDNDR
  • UN members developed and agreed upon a new strategy to address natural disaster risk

Session 4

yokohama principles
Yokohama Principles
  • Risk assessment is a required step
  • Disaster prevention and preparedness reduce the need for disaster relief.
  • Disaster prevention and preparedness are integral aspects of development policy and planning
  • Development and strengthening of capacities to prevent, reduce, and mitigate disasters is a top priority
  • Early warnings of impending disasters and their effective dissemination
  • Participation at all levels in prevention
  • Vulnerability reduction through proper design and patterns of development
  • Technology and information sharing
  • Environmental protection
  • Each country bears the primary responsibility for protecting its people, infrastructure, and other national assets from the impact of natural disasters

Session 4

hyogo
Hyogo
  • January 2005
  • “Framework for Action”
  • Outlined members’ resolve to pursue “the substantial reduction of disaster losses, in lives and in the social, economic and environmental assets of communities and countries by 2015.”

Session 4

hyogo goals
Hyogo Goals
  • Effective integration of disaster risk into sustainable development policies, planning, and programming
  • The development and strengthening of institutions, mechanisms, and capacities at all levels, in particular at the community level, that can systematically contribute to building resilience to hazards
  • The systematic incorporation of risk reduction approaches into design and implementation of emergency preparedness, response, and recovery programs in the reconstruction of affected communities

Session 4

hyogo priorities
Hyogo Priorities
  • Ensuring that disaster risk reduction is a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation
  • Identifying, assessing, and monitoring disaster risks and enhancing early warning
  • Using knowledge, innovation, and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels
  • Reducing underlying risk factors
  • Strengthening disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels

Session 4

examples of standards
Examples of Standards
  • NFPA 1600
  • EMAP
  • AS/NZS 4360:2004
  • ISO 31000
  • ISO IWA 5:2006

Session 4