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Comparative Emergency Management

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  1. Comparative Emergency Management Session 26 Slide Deck Session 26

  2. Session Objectives • Define the Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) • Describe the Humanitarian and Disaster Response and Recovery Work Performed by NGOs • Describe the Coordination that Exists Between NGOs Involved in Emergency Management Session 26

  3. NGO Characteristics • Independent of government • Civilian-based and staffed • Staffed by members with a common background • Have primary missions that are not commercial, but focus on social, cultural, environmental, educational, and other types of issues • Depend on outside sources of funding and materials Session 26

  4. NGO Examples • Doctors Without Borders • Catholic World Charities • Save the Children • Oxfam • Habitat for Humanity • UPS Foundation • The Salvation Army Session 26

  5. NGO Mission Examples • Providing shelter to disaster victims • Providing first aid and medical assistance to the wounded • Providing psychosocial care to victims • Assisting with or providing disaster response and recovery logistics • Facilitating or providing transportation (to victims and/or response and recovery workers) • Providing or facilitating food aid Session 26

  6. NGO Classifications • Private voluntary organization (PVO) • International organization (IO) • Donor agencies • Coordinating organizations Session 26

  7. Common Traits • They value independence and neutrality • Their organizational structures tend to be decentralized • They are committed • They are highly practice-oriented Session 26

  8. NGO Objectives • Reduce crude mortality rates among victims • Reduce or minimize the incidence of disease and disability / stabilize public health conditions • Assist in the reconstruction and repair of damaged or destroyed infrastructure • Protect displaced populations, and provide for their safe return once the emergency has passed Session 26

  9. NGO Experiences • 2010 Earthquake in Chile • 2010 Earthquake in Haiti • 2010 Ethnic Conflict in Kyrgyzstan • 2009 Flooding in the Philippines • 2004 Tsunami in South Asia Session 26

  10. Some Coordination Benefits • Increases reach and coverage • Minimizes duplication • Increases the quality and quantity of information available • Allows for the sharing of equipment and resources • Minimizes coverage ‘blackouts’ Session 26

  11. Coordination Mechanism Examples • Emergency operations center (EOC) • Formal NGO-specific coordination mechanism • Field coordination meetings • Designated coordination websites   • A UN-established coordination mechanism   • A civil-military operations center Session 26

  12. Code of Conduct • Created in 1994 by 8 well-known, large NGOs • Increased the amount of self-discipline and organization among those who agreed to its philosophy and guidance • Formalized the actions of NGOs involved in humanitarian assistance • Serves as a general guideline to be followed by all organizations involved in international disaster management • Written to address the actions of any NGO, no matter its size, background, or affiliation, or whether it is local, national, or international in scope Session 26