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Knee Outline. Designed to Provide Stability Provide Mobility. Knee . Femur Longest and the strongest Patella Sesamoid = bone within tendon, shock absorption Tibia Primary weight bearing bone in lower leg Fibula Bears no weight, attachment site for muscles Gives stability to ankle.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Designed to
    • Provide Stability
    • Provide Mobility
Knee
bones
Femur
    • Longest and the strongest
  • Patella
    • Sesamoid = bone within tendon, shock absorption
  • Tibia
    • Primary weight bearing bone in lower leg
  • Fibula
    • Bears no weight, attachment site for muscles
    • Gives stability to ankle
Bones
ligaments
Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)
    • Protects from medial displacement
  • Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL)
    • Protects from lateral displacement
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
    • Most frequently ruptured, protects from anterior tibia motion
    • Originates on anterior tibial plateau, and on posterior femur
  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)
    • Protects from posterior displacement
Ligaments
cartilage
Medial Meniscus
    • C shaped
  • Lateral Meniscus
    • O shaped
Cartilage
muscles
Anterior Thigh
    • Quadriceps
    • Knee Extensors (4)
  • Posterior Thigh
    • Hamstrings
    • Knee Flexors (3)
Muscles
muscles1
Medial Thigh
    • Groin
    • Leg Adductors (3)
  • Lateral Thigh
    • Tensor Fascia Latae
    • Leg Abductors
  • Lower Leg
    • Gastrocnemius, soleus
    • Knee Flexors
Muscles
palpations
Quadriceps
  • Hamstrings
  • MCL
  • LCL
  • Medial & Lateral Borders of Patella
  • Medial & Lateral Joint Line
  • Patellar Tendon
  • TibialTuberosity
  • Grastrocnemius
  • PCL
  • ACL
  • PesAnserinus Insertion
Palpations
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