Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. Dr. Rupak Bhattarai. Introduction.
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Basic life support
Advanced Life Support
The desired compression point for CPR in adults is over the lower half of the sternum. The other hand should be placed over the hand on the sternum with the fingers interlocked or extended. The rescuers shoulders should be positioned directly over the hands with the elbows locked in position and the arms extended so that the weight of the upper body is used for compressions.
The sternum is depressed 4-5 cm in adults or 2-4 cm in children and then allowed to return to its normal position.
Either 2 breaths are administered every 15 compression (15:2) or (30:2) are also recommended.
For cardio-version of atrial-fibrillation about 50-100 J can be used initially with escalation if needed.