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Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. Introduction. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a simple, effective method of Getting O 2 into the lungs of a person who has stopped breathing, and Maintaining blood circulation for a person whose heart has stopped. What we will cover.

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Presentation Transcript
introduction
Introduction
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a simple, effective method of
    • Getting O2 into the lungs of a person who has stopped breathing, and
    • Maintaining blood circulation for a person whose heart has stopped
what we will cover
What we will cover
  • Revision of respiratory and circulatory systems
  • Establishing unresponsiveness and activating the Emergency Medical Services.
  • Opening the Airway A
  • Checking for Breathing B
  • Circulation C
  • Defibrillation D
what we will cover1
What we will cover
  • One Operator / Two Operators
  • Complications
  • Recovery
  • Summary
revision of respiratory circulatory system

Epiglottis

Revision of Respiratory & Circulatory System
  • Mouth/nose
  • Airway/lungs
  • Location of heart
  • Location of sternum
  • Diaphragm

Trachea

Bronchus

Bronchiole

Pleural

Cavity

Heart

Sternum

Diaphragm

cpr technique

999/112

CPR Technique
  • Check Scene is safe
  • Establish unresponsiveness and activate the Emergency Medical Services

Are you

O.K.

opening the airway

A

Opening the Airway

Head tilt / Chin lift

check for breathing
Check for Breathing

B

Look/Listen/Feel

Yes - Place in recovery position if unconscious

No - Give 2 breaths . 1 second each

circulation
Circulation

C

Start compressions,

push hard push fast

30 compressions –at a rate of about 100/minute

compressions
Compressions
  • Locate centre of chest between the nipples.
  • Place heel of hand, taking care to keep the fingers raised.
circulation2
Circulation
  • Push Hard. Push Fast.
  • Rate 30 compressions – 2 breaths
  • After each compression allow chest to return to normal position
  • Continue until trained help arrives
defibrillation

D

Defibrillation
  • Attach defibrillator after 5 cycles 2mins of CPR (if unwitnessed collapse)
  • Switch AED on
  • Stop CPR
  • Position Pads on Casualty as per diagram
  • Follow audible prompts from AED
cpr rates
CPR Rates
  • At a RATE of 100 compressions per min.
    • One Operator 30:2
    • Two Operators 30:2
  • “One ,Two ,Three …………….”
  • Stop CPR if Casualty shows signs of movement or spontaneous breathing
  • Continue CPR until trained help arrives
cpr rates1
CPR Rates
  • If Casualty starts to move and normal breathing not present commence ventilations 1 breath every 6-7 s (10-12 breaths /min)
  • If normal breathing present
    • Recovery Position
    • Monitor airway and breathing
complications blocked airway
ComplicationsBlocked Airway
  • Cause - Tongue
  • Action - Head tilt/chin lift
  • Cause - Foreign Body
  • Action - Finger sweep if visible/Chest compressions
complications mouth to nose
Complications Mouth to Nose
  • Reason
    • Used in preference to Mouth to Mouth when
    • Mouth is contaminated by blood or vomit
    • Mouth is damaged due to injury
complications mouth to nose1
ComplicationsMouth to Nose
  • Close the mouth
  • Blow through the nose
complications air in stomach
ComplicationsAir in Stomach
  • Cause
    • Over pressurisation
  • Action
    • Modify technique – less air/less forcefully
    • Allow 1 second for breath and chest to rise in each rescue breath
complications vomiting
ComplicationsVomiting
  • Action
    • Turn Casualty on side away from rescuer and clean out mouth.
    • Assess breathing
    • Restart CPR
recovery
Recovery
  • Monitor rate of ventilations
    • Supplement if less than 10 breaths per minute
  • Recovery position
  • Give 100% O2 if available
  • Treat for shock - Reassure and keep warm
  • Watch Casualty at all times
  • Ensure early transportation to hospital
recovery1
Recovery

Recovery Position

summary
Summary
  • Speed of response vital
  • Correct assessment of Casualty
  • Establish ABC
  • Recognition / correction of complications
  • Recognition of signs of recovery
  • Correct recovery techniques
  • Early transportation to hospital