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ACCOMMODATING ACCOMMODATIONS. A bridge to the future for GED candidates with learning disabilities and/or ADHD. GEDTS. ©Kathleen Ross-Kidder, Ph.D. Today’s Agenda : LD/ADHD Research &Accommodations. Welcome! Overview Brief Introduction: research policy development Form L-15 model

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accommodating accommodations
ACCOMMODATING ACCOMMODATIONS

A bridge to the future for GED

candidates with learning disabilities

and/or ADHD.

GEDTS

©Kathleen Ross-Kidder, Ph.D.

today s agenda ld adhd research accommodations
Today’s Agenda: LD/ADHD Research &Accommodations
  • Welcome!
  • Overview
  • Brief Introduction:
    • research
    • policy development
    • Form L-15
    • model
    • resources
documentation 1994 5
Documentation-1994-5
  • Requests for accommodations less that 1%.
  • 1996-1997 total requests 7,131
  • 28% increase in 1997
  • Ohio tripled requests for SLD
  • Virginia doubled.
  • Only 30%of requests in 1994 had documentation of potential to pass GED.
  • Less that 10% had measures of educational achievement.
current research
Current Research
  • WAIS-R-III Factor Scores
  • WAIS-R,III - Academic Achievement
  • Accommodations- Success on GED
  • Evaluation of training session-pre/post training of state administrators
ged norms
GED NORMS
  • Pass rate set such that 67% of current high school seniors can be expected to pass.
  • Low average potential to above would be predicted to pass.
  • IQ predict-=correlations p.<0001
data base
Data base
  • Overall potential
  • Significant differences using standard scores
  • VIQ-PIQ
  • subtests scores
  • factor scores
  • IQ-Achievement
  • Model-GED pass rate
comparison of verbal subtests
Comparison of verbal subtests
  • Information 7.16
  • Digit Span 8.00
  • Vocabulary 7.22
  • Arithmetic 6.70
  • Comprehension 9.55
  • Similarities 8.35
nonverbal subtests
Nonverbal Subtests
  • Picture Completion 9.38
  • Picture Arrangement 8.44
  • Block Design 8.06
  • Object Assembly 7.98
  • Digit Symbol 7.36
introducing form l 15
Introducing Form L-15:
  • define policy
  • define program
  • preview video: Accommodating Accommodations!
legal issues
Legal Issues
  • ADA, 504, IDEA
  • Potential to do task
  • Documented disability
  • Significantly negatively impacts on one of life’s major activities
  • least restrictive
form l 15 form to request accommodations for ld and or adhd
FORM-L-15: Form to request accommodations for LD and/or ADHD
  • Basic Information: Names, center, etc
  • Documentation
    • qualifications of professionals
    • measurement of potential
    • measurement of information processing
    • measurement of current achievement
  • Accommodations requested
policy formation timeline
Policy Formation Timeline
  • 1990, ADA
  • Requests begin
  • 1996, Introduction
  • 1996, Fall symposium of experts
  • 1997, GED request clarity and policy
  • 1997 Maryland National Panel
timeline
Timeline
  • Policy presented at NASSLN
  • Review by Departments of Justice and Education for guidance.
  • Legal review
  • Addition of Neil Sturomski, Educational specialist, January 1998.
  • Mini Pilot Training, 1 day: March, 1998
training begins september 1998
Training begins: September, 1998
  • Assessment experts review July 11,1998.
  • Advocacy experts review July 17, 1998.
  • State administrators training sessions & certification.
training sessions
TRAINING SESSIONS
  • Definition
  • Legal Issues
  • Learning Disability/ADHD
  • Form L-15
  • Discrepancy model
  • Appropriate accommodations
  • Resourcing!
accommodations policy
Accommodations Policy
  • Clear and transparent as possible!
  • Consistent!
  • Encourage outreach!
  • Bridges to the future!
  • Research supported
educational idea definition
Educational (IDEA) Definition
  • Average to above average intellectual potential (GED broadly defines as 70 or above.
  • Information processing dysfunction
  • Significant discrepancy in academic achievement that is due to information processing dysfunction
  • Not primarily due to emotional or cultural factors.
form l 15
Form L-15
  • to receive accommodations
slide24
THE SCREENING MODEL:

LEVEL 1

Information Processing

  • VIQ-PIQ= 8 or more
  • Significant factor discrepancy
    • Bannatyne
    • ACID

Intellectual Potential

IQ= 70 or above?

Academic Achievement

Academic achievement significantly

below IQ= 15 points or more?

FORM L-15

process level 1
Process: Level 1

candidate

psychologist

advocate/teacher/chief administrator

state administrator

educational specialist

steps in completing
Steps in completing
  • Get Form L-15
  • Gather needed information from psychologists, psychiatrists and/or educators.
  • Present completed Form L-15 to advocate or GED center administrator.
  • Form is forwarded to GED state administrator who approves or not approves.
slide27
THE MODEL:SUMMARY

Level 1

  • approval
  • more information
  • nonapproval

Completed Form L-15

Chief examiner

  • State administrator

Level 2

GED Expert Clinical Review

process level 2 expert
Process: Level 2:Expert

Level 3: Appeals Panel Clinical Review

slide29
THE REVIEW MODEL: LEVEL 3

Panel Appeal Clinical Review

  • Questions about documentation
  • Candidate’s request for further review
  • Questions about IQ below 70
  • Legal challenge to nonapproval
  • GEDTS Washington, D.C.

Form L-15 and case history from file

the model
The Model

INTELLECTUAL

POTENTIAL

IQ above70?

INFORMATION

PROCESSING

DYSFUNCTION

SIGNIFICANT

ACADEMIC

DISCREPANCY

Verbal IQ-Performance IQ=+8?

Factor Scores: Bannatyne

ACID

IQ-Achievement =15

to review the process
To review: The process
  • the candidate
  • advocate
  • certified professional
  • state administrator
  • GED clinical review
summary
Summary
  • Policy
  • Model
  • Form
  • Training Model
  • Review panel
  • Advisory Board
  • Research
where to get more information
Where to get more information
  • GED Homepage: http://gwis2.circ.gwu.edu/~kkid/gedhome.htm
  • Accommodations in Higher Education Under the American with Disabilities Act(ADA) edited by Gordon & Keiser, 1998.
  • Training sessions!
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