Youth Health Rights Presented by the Balboa Youth Advisory Board
What is Minor Consent? Minor consent is a minor’s (ages 12-17) right by California law to confidentiality and clinical services such as…
Youth consents (Ages 12-17) • Birth control (e.g., condoms, pills, “the shot”) • Plan B (Morning After Pill) • STI/HIV Testing • Pregnancy testing • Health Education services • Mental Health/Substance Abuse Counseling* • Other sensitive services
Hormonal: NuvaRing The Pill The Patch Depo Provera Shot IUD Non-hormonal: Condoms Spermicide Diaphragm Abstinence Birth Control Emergency Contraception (Plan B) Use within 1-5 days after unprotected intercourse NOT a form a birth control
STI Testing: Diagnosis and Treatment • STI = Sexually Transmitted Infections • Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are most commonly tested • Testing is painless
Pregnancy Testing • At least 11 days after unprotected sex • Testing is through urine sample • Testing is painless
Mental Health/Substance Abuse Counseling • Free counseling • Talk about anything that is bothering you • Does not mean you are crazy
Confidentiality Anything you say about sex, drugs, and feelings is CONFIDENTIAL unless you give the health care provider permission to share it.
When Confidentiality is Broken If you tell him/her: • You are being abused (physically and/or sexually) • You are going to hurt yourself or someone else • You are under 14 and having sex with someone 14 years or older • You are under 16 and having sex with someone 21 years or older Then he/she must report to Child Protective Services
Parental Consents • General medical visits • Immunizations • Medications • Mental Health/Substance Abuse Counseling* *All youth have the right to an assessment for counseling services without parental permission; after the assessment, it is determined if parental consent is needed
True or False? • Without parental consent, you can get drug and alcohol counseling • A clinic can give you birth control without parental consent • A clinic will not tell your parent if you have an STD • A clinic can provide a pregnancy test to girls 12 and older without parental consent
Without parental consent, you can get drug an alcohol counseling TRUE- Your parents never have to know that you received care A clinic can give you birth control without parental consent TRUE- You can get condoms and other forms of birth control on your own A clinic will not tell your parent if you have an STD TRUE- Nobody can tell your parent you have an STD unless you give them permission A clinic can provide a pregnancy test to girls 12 and older without parental consent TRUE- Pregnancy testing is among your confidential minor consent rights
How Much Does it Cost? . . . Everything is Free!!!
Acknowledgements • Balboa Teen Health Center Staff • Balboa PSTA • Student Advisory Council • SF Youth Commission • SF Health Commission • Eric Mar, Board of Education • Kim-Shree Maufas, Board of Education • Eduardo Aguilar, California Center • Chinatown Youth Center • Kellogg Foundation • Michael Smith and Hector Lara, California School Health Centers Association • Alison Wu, Katie Kaplow, Belinda La, and Amanda Piercy, Lifetime YAB Members • Monica Guerra, Student Volunteer • Adolescent Health Working Group • Youth Funding Youth Ideas • Sarah Brant, Art Concordia, and Rocio Ramirez, BHS Teachers • Kevin Gogin, School Health Programs Department, SFUSD