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Nutrition and You. Susan Yim. Topics. Nutrition Overweight/Obesity Food Guide Pyramid Group Activity. What is Nutrition?. The process of the body using food to keep you alive. Overweight & Obesity. Energy intake and Energy output Imbalance

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Presentation Transcript
topics
Topics
  • Nutrition
  • Overweight/Obesity
  • Food Guide Pyramid
  • Group Activity
what is nutrition
What is Nutrition?
  • The process of the body using food to keep you alive.
overweight obesity
Overweight & Obesity
  • Energy intake and Energy output Imbalance
  • According to the American Obesity Association (2002), “Obesity [is] on the verge of surpassing smoking as #1 cause of preventable death. Obesity is the second leading cause of unnecessary deaths.”
  • 65 % Americans
prevalence of overweight obesity by ethnicity in hawaii
Prevalence of Overweight & Obesity by Ethnicity in Hawaii
  • Ranked Highest to lowest [%]
    • Hawaiian…………………………………………………………….69.3
    • Other/unknown………………………………………………..59.4
    • Caucasian…………………………………..........................49.3
    • Chinese………………………………………………………………46.6
    • Filipino……………………………………............................46.3
    • Japanese…………………………………………………………...44.1
          • Hawaii Health Survey, 2003
body mass index bmi
Body Mass Index [BMI]

BMI = (            Weight in Pounds             ) x 703 (Height in inches) x (Height in inches)

  • BMI (kg/m^2)
    • Obesity-class I……………………………………...........30.0 – 34.9
    • Obesity-class II…………………………………………….35.0 – 39.9
    • Extreme obesity-class III…………………………..>40
    • Overweight……………………………………….................25.0 – 29.9
    • Normal/Healthy………………………………………………18.5 – 24.9
    • Underweight…………………………………………………….<18.5
    • Possible eating disorder……………………………….<16
using hand measurements
Using Hand Measurements
  • Tip of the thumb (to first knuckle) = 1 tsp.
  • Whole thumb = 1 Tbsp.
  • Palm of your hand or the size of a deck of playing cards = 3 ounces. (This is the portion size of cooked meat [protein] most people need at a meal.)
  • Tight fist = 1/2 cup
  • Loose fist or open handful = 1 cup
  • These guidelines hold true for most women's hands. Check the size of your hand's measurements with measuring cups, spoons, and a scale.
quick facts
Quick Facts
  • 3500 Kcal = 1 pound
  • 1 can of soda = 150 Kcal
  • Sugar contents of soda = Orange Juice
  • Water Recommendation 8 – 8oz./day
    • 2 32oz sports (water) bottle
quick tips
Quick Tips
  • Like Plate Lunch?
    • Brown Rice vs. White Rice
    • Tossed Salad w/dressing on side vs. Macaroni Salad
  • Like Soda?
    • Regular vs. Diet
    • Diet vs. Iced Tea
    • Iced Tea vs. Water w/Lemon
  • Like Chocolate Bars?
    • Chocolate Bars vs. Protein Bars
  • Like Snacks/Desserts?
    • Ice Cream vs. Frozen Yogurt
      • Add fresh Fruits
breakfast
Breakfast
  • Dunkin Donuts
    • Chocolate Donut
    • Coffee with cream and sugar
lunch
Lunch
  • Typical Fast Food Meal
    • Large Cheese Burger
    • Large French Fries
    • Large Coke
dinner
Dinner
  • Plate Lunch-Typical Meal from Zippy’s or BBQ
    • Chicken Katsu
    • White Rice
    • Macaroni Salad
    • Large Coke
snacks dessert
Snacks/Dessert
  • Potato Chips
  • Strawberry Pie from Anna Miller’s
  • Cookies and Cream Ice Cream from Cold Stone
thank you

Thank You

Questions?

director of dietetics program
Director of Dietetics Program
  • Anne C. Shovic, Ph.D., R.D.

Ag Sciences III #314 I

Telephone: 956-3847

  • e-mail: shovic@hawaii.edu