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The Common Core State Standards On Literacy
“The Standards are designed to build upon the most advanced current thinking about preparing all students for success in college and their careers.” • “The Standards recognize that both content and skills are important.” • “Evidence shows that the complexity of texts students are reading today does not match what is demanded in college and the workplace, creating a gap between what high school students can do and what they need to be able to do. The Common Core State Standards create a staircase of increasing text complexity, so that students are expected to both develop their skills and apply them to more and more complex texts.” • “…because college and career readiness overwhelmingly focuses on complex texts outside of literature, these standards also ensure students are being prepared to read, write, and research across the curriculum.” Why? Common Core State Standards Initiative
Responsibility • All teachers are responsible for LITERACY (a.k.a. Writing Across the Curriculum) • All teachers are responsible for teaching Academic Vocabulary • All teachers must be familiar with and use the CCSS rubrics for literacy • All teachers will use and enrich their curriculum with Informational Texts • All teachers will document their literacy support in their lesson plans • All teacher evaluations will be based on student performance New Teacher Evaluation Criteria
“LITERACY IS…the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate, compute, and use printed and written materials associated with varying contexts. Literacy involves a continuum of learning to enable an individual to achieve his or her goals, to develop his or her knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in society as a whole.”
But Literacy is also… • The ability to interpret graphics and visuals • The ability to speak properly in multiple situations and communicate ideas effectively • The ability to comprehend what is heard • The ability to navigate through • a technological world • The ability to write effectively • in multiple genres
Literacy in the 21st Century “Literacy in the 21st Century will mean the ability to find information, decode it, critically evaluate it, organize it into personal digital libraries, and find meaningful ways to share it with others. Information is raw material — students will need to learn to build with it.” From: The World is Flat by Thomas Friedman
According to UNICEF, "Nearly a billion people will enter the 21st century unable to read a book or sign their names and two thirds of them are women."
http://www.readfaster.com/education_stats.asp#readingstatisticshttp://www.readfaster.com/education_stats.asp#readingstatistics Research Date: 4.28.2013
Literacy Statistics and Juvenile Court • 85 percent of all juveniles who interface with the juvenile court system are functionally illiterate. • Penal institution records show that inmates have a 16% chance of returning to prison if they receive literacy help, as opposed to 70% who receive no help. This equates to taxpayer costs of $25,000 per year per inmate and nearly double that amount for juvenile offenders. • Illiteracy and crime are closely related. The Department of Justice states, "The link between academic failure and delinquency, violence, and crime is welded to reading failure." Over 70% of inmates in America's prisons cannot read above a fourth grade level. http://www.begintoread.com/research/literacystatistics.html
…Adults Over 16… According to a study conducted in late April by the U.S. Department of Education and the National Institute of Literacy, 32 million adults in the U.S. can't read. That's 14 percent of the population. 21 percent of adults in the U.S. read below a 5th grade level, and 19 percent of high school graduates can't read. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/09/06/illiteracy-rate_n_3880355.html
Many of the USA ills are directly related to illiteracy. • Literacy is learned. Illiteracy is passed along by parents who cannot read or write. • One child in four grows up not knowing how to read. • 53% of 4th graders admitted to reading recreationally “almost every day,” while only 20% of 8th graders could say the same. • 3 out of 4 food stamp recipients perform in the lowest 2 literacy levels • 75% of Americans who receive food stamps perform at the lowest 2 levels of literacy, and 90% of high school dropouts are on welfare. • 16 to 19 year old girls at the poverty level and below, with below average skills, are 6 times more likely to have out-of-wedlock children than their reading counterparts. • Low literary costs $73 million per year in terms of direct health care costs. http://www.begintoread.com/research/literacystatistics.html
Attendite me et auditefilii Media autemnocte Paulus, de odio, de colis, In decimomensisAprilisseptuagintaquinque; Quod vixaliquishodievivunt Annus dies, et qui illam. Move to Reveal Answer Listen my children and you shall hear Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere, On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-five; Hardly a man is now alive Who remembers that famous day and year.
What are Academic Literacy Demands? Across all content areas students should be able to… • Read • Write • Listen/view • Discuss/present • Think critically and creatively • Use language and vocabulary to read and comprehend text to support the learning of content