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JavaScript Lesson 1. TBE 540. Prerequisites. Before beginning this lesson, the learner must be able to… Create a basic web page using a text editor and/or a web page editor. Edit the existing HTML code of a web page. Objectives.

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prerequisites
Prerequisites
  • Before beginning this lesson, the learner must be able to…
    • Create a basic web page using a text editor and/or a web page editor.
    • Edit the existing HTML code of a web page.
objectives
Objectives
  • The learner will be able to successfully add JavaScript code to a web page.
  • The JavaScript will produce a useful effect and enhance the page’s value to the user.
what is javascript
What is JavaScript?
  • JavaScript is a programming language. This means that the instructions you write in JavaScript will make something happen.
  • You can include it easily within the HTML code of a web page to customize the page.
what is javascript1
What is JavaScript?
  • JavaScript is related to Java and C++, but it does not need to be “compiled” (translated to binary) before it is used.
  • JavaScript is not the same as Java.
what is javascript2
What is JavaScript?
  • JavaScript code is “interpreted” - the browser executes each line of code as it is encountered.
  • JavaScript is free and many existing samples are available. (see TBE 540 HTML page for links)
what can you do with javascript
What can you do with JavaScript?
  • Visit the links from Lesson 8 on the TBE 540 HTML page to see what can be done using JavaScript. (http://www.csudh.edu/fisher/tbe540/lesson8.html)
what can you do with javascript1
What can you do with JavaScript?
  • Would any of these JavaScript samples be appropriate for your web project?
  • Later you will learn how to add JavaScript code to your pages.
how do you add javascript to a web page
How do you add JavaScript to a web page?
  • If you are going to add JavaScript, it is necessary to be able to edit the HTML code of a web.
  • If you are using a web editor and are unsure of how to edit HTML code, check HELP in your editor.
how do you add javascript to a web page1
How do you add JavaScript to a web page?
  • At first (maybe always) you will be simply pasting in JavaScript code copied from other sources.
  • Sometimes you will customize the code.
  • You can also type the code into your HTML.
how do you add javascript to a web page2
How do you add JavaScript to a web page?
  • When you copy or type the code, notice where it should go.
  • JavaScript is most commonly placed in the <HEAD> section of a page, but there are often parts that must go elsewhere.
javascript sample
JavaScript - Sample
  • Here is an explanation of a simple use of JavaScript - asking a question and displaying an answer.
  • You will try this in the Fun with Buttons! exercise.
javascript sample1
JavaScript - Sample
  • In this case, there will be a JavaScript function (small program) called getName() placed in the HEAD section of the HTML.
  • It will ask for a name and print Hi and the name.
javascript sample2
JavaScript - Sample
  • Here’s what the function looks like (explanations follow):

<script language="JavaScript">

var stName="XX"

function getName()

{

stName=prompt("Please enter your name"," ")

alert("Hi, " + stName)

}

</script>

javascript sample3
JavaScript - Sample
  • The script tags are needed to identify this code as JavaScript.

<script language="JavaScript">

var stName="XX"

function getName()

{

stName=prompt("Please enter your name"," ")

alert("Hi, " + stName)

}

</script>

javascript sample4
JavaScript - Sample
  • The line beginning var sets up a variable called stName with a beginning value of XX (just to fill it up).

<script language="JavaScript">

var stName="XX"

function getName ()

{

stName=prompt("Please enter your name"," ")

alert("Hi, " + stName)

}

</script>

javascript sample5
JavaScript - Sample
  • function getName() defines the name of the function (notice the two parentheses).

<script language="JavaScript">

var stName="XX"

function getName()

{

stName=prompt("Please enter your name"," ")

alert("Hi, " + stName)

}

</script>

javascript sample6
JavaScript - Sample
  • The braces { } show where the function begins and ends.

<script language="JavaScript">

var stName="XX"

function getName()

{

stName=prompt("Please enter your name"," ")

alert("Hi, " + stName)

}

</script>

javascript sample7
JavaScript - Sample
  • The line beginning stName= displays the message Please enter your name and waits for an entry, which will become the value of stName.

<script language="JavaScript">

var stName="XX"

function getName()

{

stName=prompt("Please enter your name"," ")

alert("Hi, " + stName)

}

</script>

javascript sample8
JavaScript - Sample
  • The line beginning alert displays Hi, and the value of the variable stName.

<script language="JavaScript">

var stName="XX"

function getName( )

{

stName=prompt("Please enter your name"," ")

alert("Hi, " + stName)

}

</script>

javascript sample9
JavaScript - Sample
  • Something has to start the getName() function.
  • In the Fun with Buttons! exercise, it will be clicking on a graphic or a “form” button (more about forms in a later lesson).
javascript sample10
JavaScript - Sample
  • To start a function, its name will be somewhere in the HTML: getName()
  • You will see this code in an IMG tag: onclick=“getName()”
  • When the graphic is clicked, the function starts.
javascript sample11
JavaScript - Sample
  • You will also see this code between <FORM> and </FORM> tags:

<input type="button" value="HI" onclick="getName()“>

  • FORMs are used to make buttons and input boxes appear on a web page.
self check js lesson 1
Self Check - JS Lesson 1
  • True or false - JavaScript and Java are exactly the same thing.
self check js lesson 11
Self Check - JS Lesson 1
  • True or false - JavaScript and Java are exactly the same thing.
  • False - Java must be “complied” (translated to binary) before running, while JavaScript runs automatically every time the web page is opened. Java is also much more powerful than JavaScript.
self check js lesson 12
Self Check - JS Lesson 1
  • JavaScript is most often found in the _____ section of the HTML code for a web page.
    • <HEAD>
    • <BODY>
    • <TABLE>
    • <LIST>
self check js lesson 13
Self Check - JS Lesson 1
  • JavaScript is most often found in the _____ section of the HTML code for a web page.
    • <HEAD>
    • <BODY> {may be here, too}
    • <TABLE>
    • <LIST>
self check js lesson 14
Self Check - JS Lesson 1
  • Which of the following is the correct way to begin JavaScript?
    • <SCRIPT LANGUAGE=“Javascript”>
    • <SCRIPT LANGUAGE=“JavaScript”>
    • <JAVASCRIPT>
    • <JavaScript>
self check js lesson 15
Self Check - JS Lesson 1
  • Which of the following is the correct way to begin JavaScript?
    • <SCRIPT LANGUAGE=“Javascript”>
    • <SCRIPT LANGUAGE=“JavaScript”> *
    • <JAVASCRIPT>
    • <JavaScript>

* {upper and lower case must be exact}

self check js lesson 16
Self Check - JS Lesson 1
  • Suppose you created a function called HAPPY(). What command would activate the function?
      • happy()
      • HAPPY
      • HAPPY()
self check js lesson 17
Self Check - JS Lesson 1
  • Suppose you created a function called HAPPY(). What command would activate the function?
      • happy()
      • HAPPY
      • HAPPY()

The name must be exactly the same, including upper and lower case. The parentheses must be included.

self check js lesson 18
Self Check - JS Lesson 1
  • Which of the following commands waits for input?
    • prompt
    • alert
self check js lesson 19
Self Check - JS Lesson 1
  • Which of the following commands waits for input?
    • prompt {waits for input and Return/Enter}
    • alert {displays message only}
try some
Try some!
  • Complete the Fun with Buttons! exercise.
  • Go find some interesting JavaScript code and try it out.
  • The samples on the TBE 540 HTML page are a good place to start.