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KONRAD ADENAUER. by Santi, Amaia and Leire. Konrad Hermann Josef Adenauer, who was born on 5th January 1876 and died on 19 April 1967, was a German statesman. Although his political career spanned sixty years, beginning as early as 1906, he is most noted for

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KONRAD

ADENAUER

by Santi, Amaia and Leire

slide2
Konrad Hermann Josef Adenauer, who was born

on 5th January 1876 and died on 19 April

1967, was a German statesman.

Although his political career spanned sixty years,

beginning as early as 1906, he is most noted for

his role as the first Chancellor of West Germany

from 1949–1963 and chairman of the Christian

Democratic Union from 1950 to 1966. He was the

oldest chancellor ever to serve Germany, leaving

at the age of eighty-seven.

early life
Early life

Konrad Adenauer was born as the third of five children of

Johann Konrad Adenauer (1833-1906) and his wife Helene

(1849-1919) (née Scharfenberg) in Cologne, Rhenish

Prussia. His siblings were August (1872-1952), Johannes

(1873-1937), Lilli (1879-1950) and Elisabeth, who died

shortly after birth in c. 1880. In 1894, he completed his

Abitur and started to study law and politics at the

universities of Freiburg, Munich and Bonn. He was a

member of several Roman Catholic students’ associations

under the K.St.V. Arminia Bonn in Bonn. He finished his

studies in 1901. Afterwards he worked as a lawyer at the

court in Cologne.

political career
Political career

As a devout Roman Catholic, he joined the Centre Party in

1906 and was elected to Cologne’s city council in the same

year. In 1909, he became Vice Mayor of Cologne. From 1917

to 1933, he served as Mayor of Cologne. He had the

unpleasant task of heading Cologne in the era of British

occupation following the First World War and lasting until 1926.

He managed to establish faithful relations with the British

military authorities and flirted with Rhenish separatism (a

Rhenish state as part of Germany, but outside Prussia). During

the Weimar Republic, he was president of the Prussian State

Council (Preußischer Staatsrat) from 1922 to 1933, whichwas

the representative of the Prussian cities and provinces.

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When the Nazis came to power in 1933, the Centre Party lost the elections in Cologne and Adenauer fled to the

abbey of Maria Laach, threatened by the new government

after he refused to shake hands with a local Nazi leader.

His stay at this abbey, which lasted for a year, was cited by

its abbot after the war, when accused by Heinrich Böll and

others of collaboration with the Nazis.

He was imprisoned briefly after the Night of the Long

Knives in mid 1934. During the next two years, he changed

residences often for fear of reprisals against him by the

Nazis. In 1937, he was successful in claiming at least some

compensation for his once confiscated house and

managed to live in seclusion for some years.

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In 1945 he took part in the foundation of the

Democratic Christian Union (CDU) and became

the new president of the zone of British occupation. When the Federal Republic of Germany was founded in 1949, Adenauer became chancellor. During the following fourteen years he headed a coalition composed by the CDU, the Social Christian Bavarian Union and the Free Democrats. From 1951 until 1955 also he was the minister of Exteriors of the Federal Republic of Germany. Adenauer's principal objective was to do of the Federal Republic of Germany. In 1955, under Adenauer's leadership, the Federal Republic joined the Organization of the Agreement of the North Atlantic (NATO) and obtained the recognition as independent State.

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Adenauer's principal objective was to do of the Federal Republic of Germany. In 1955, under Adenauer's leadership, the Federal Republic joined the Organization of the Agreement of the North Atlantic (NATO) and obtained the recognition as independent State. Under his mandate, the Federal Republic of Germany also was one of the charter members of the Economic European Community or Common Market (nowadays the European Union). In 1963, after signing the Agreement of Friendship German Franc who was putting end to almost hundred years of rivalry itch France, Adenauer gave up his post at the age of 87.
death
Death

Adenauer died on April 19, 1967 in his family home in

Rhöndorf. According to his daughter, his last words were

"Da jitt et nix zo kriesche!" (Kölsch slang for "There's

nothin' to weep about!")

His state funeral in Cologne Cathedral was attended by a

large number of world leaders, among them US president

Lyndon B. Johnson on his only visit to a European country.

After the service, his body was brought back to Rhöndorf

on the Rhine aboard Kondor, a Jaguar class fast attack

craft of the German Navy. He is interred on the

Waldfriedhof.