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University of the Philippines Manila College of Allied Medical Professions PT 154: Therapeutic Exercise III Ms. Mary Grace M. Jordan, PTRP December 8, 2009. Therapeutic techniques to improve balance in neurological and developmental conditions. Balance deficits….
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College of Allied Medical Professions
PT 154: Therapeutic Exercise III
Ms. Mary Grace M. Jordan, PTRP
December 8, 2009
“…the ability to maintain the body’s center of gravity over its base of support with minimal sway or maximal steadiness.”
(Emery et.al, 2005)
balance in response to unexpected external perturbations, such as standing on a bus that suddenly accelerates forward.
Adaptive postural control
Anticipatory postural control
Involves preparing the sensory and motor systems for postural demands based on previous experience and learning
Head balanced on level shoulders
Upper body erect
Shoulders over hips
Feet and knees a few cm apart
The maintenance of balance is based on an intrinsic cooperation between the
(1) The position of the head relative to the environment;
(2) The orientation of the head to maintain level gaze;
(3) The direction and speed of head movements because as your head moves, surrounding objects move in the opposite direction.
Signal linear position and acceleration
Source of information about head position with respect to gravity
Respond to slow head movements (those that occur during postural sway)
and processed in the cerebellum, basal ganglia, and supplementary motor area.
The following main aspects should be developed:
Training should check:
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