The Ancient Middle East. Mesopotamia Crash Course. The Fertile Crescent: Crossroads of the World. The Tigris-Euphrates Valley lies in the eastern end of the Fertile Crescent, an area that stretches in a large arc from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea.
Mesopotamia Crash Course
The reconstructed facade of the Neo-Sumerian Great Ziggurate of Uhr , near Nasiriyah, Iraq
Sumerian tablet from the period of King Shurrupak 2550BC describing the gift of a house and land (one and a half "SAR" approx 54 square meters) which includes a male slave. Early Cuneiform text with text groupings (words) in boxes. This technique developed from the very early pictographic text and soon after this period was changed in favor of text written in horizontal lines.
This clay tablet exhibits a sky map above Mesopotamia in 3300BC. It is a "planisphere" found in the library of Ashurbanipal in Nineveh of 650BC. It consists of segments mapping sections of the sky in cuneiform text. The Sumerians of the time were very sophisticated scholars, shown in that it took modern computer analysis to discover the true date of the star chart
" to cause justice to prevail in the land, to destroy the wicked and the evil, to prevent the strong from oppressing the weak, and to further the welfare of the people."
"I cut off their heads and like heaps of grain, I piled them up,“ boasted one Assyrian ruler.
" I skinned alive all the chief men. Their young men and maidens I burned in the fire," wrote another.
"I am Assurbanipal, King of the Universe, King of Assyria. I seized a fierce lion of the plain by his ears. I pierced his body with my lance.“ Thus, the ruthless Assyrian leader celebrated his hunting skill The lion hunt shown here was one of a series of sculptures that decorated Assurbanipalspalace at Nineoeh.
Obedience to God's laws bound the Hebrews together as they wandered from Egypt, across the Sinai, into Palestine.
"honor thy father and thy mother.“
"cease to do evil, learn to do good, seek justice, relieve the oppressed, judge [look after] the fatherless, plead for the widow."