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The Ancient Middle East. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY. Early People. Assyrians – Libraries Great Roads Strong Armies (Iron, chariots) Babylonians. Cyrus the Great. A tolerant ruler  a llowed different cultures to keep their own institutions.

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slide1

The Ancient

Middle East

Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

early people
Early People
  • Assyrians –
    • Libraries
    • Great Roads
    • Strong Armies (Iron, chariots)
  • Babylonians
slide5

Cyrus the Great

  • A tolerant ruler  allowed different cultures to keep their own institutions.
  • The Greeks called him a “Law-Giver.”
  • The Jews called him “the anointed of the Lord.” (In 537, he allowed over 40,000 to return to Palestine).

580 – 529 B. C. E.

slide6

Darius the Great(526 – 485 B. C. E.)

  • Built Persepolis.
  • He extended the Persian Empire to the Indus River in northern India. (2 mil. s.q. mi.)
  • Built a canal in Egypt.
slide7

Darius the Great(526 – 485 B. C. E.)

  • Established a tax-collecting system
    • Replaced the Tribute system.
  • Divided the empire into districts called SATRAPIES.
  • Built the great Royal Road system.
  • Established a complex postal system.
  • Created a network of spies called “the King’s eyes and ears.”
slide8

Darius the Great(526 – 485 B. C. E.)

  • Created a Standing Army
    • Includes 10.000 “Immortals”
  • Tried to take Greece, but lost at the Battle of Marathon
    • His Son, Xerxes, will also fail
    • Beats the Spartan 300, but Loses to the Athenian Navy
fall of persia
Fall of Persia
  • Rulers become greedy
    • Living in luxury
    • High taxes create popular resentement
  • Internal fights for power weaken kingdom
    • 1 king had 115 sons, all trying to take throne
    • Xerxes II only lasted 45 days
  • Alexander the Great conquers in 330’s B.C.
slide17

Dualistic Battle of Good vs. Evil

Ahura Mazda“Holy Spirit”

Ahriman“Destructive Spirit”

slide18

Zend-Avesta(The “Book of Law”)

The “Sacred Fire”  the force to fight evil.