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Chapter 7CONFLICTS OF EMPIRE(1760-1821) Section 1: Changes in Spanish Texas Section 2: Disputes with the United States Section 3: Unrest and Revolution Section 4: Spanish Rule Ends in Mexico
SECTION 1: Changes in Spanish Texas OBJECTIVES • Summarize the results of the Marques de Rubí report. • Describe how relations between American Indians and Spaniards in Texas changed during the late 1700s.
SECTION 1: Changes in Spanish Texas RESULTS OF THE RUBÍ REPORT • Spain should abandon all missions and presidos in Texas with a few exceptions • San Antonio would become the new capital of Texas • Spanish in East Texas should be moved to San Antonio • Spanish should befriend the Comanche and use their aid to defeat the Apache
SECTION 1: Changes in Spanish Texas CHANGING RELATIONS BETWEEN INDIANS AND SPANIARDS • Used trade and gifts to make Indian allies • Signed a peace treaty with the Comanche • Defeated the Apache at Soledad Creek in 1790
SECTION 2: Disputes with the United States OBJECTIVES • Describe how Spain contributed to the American Revolution and explain why the new nation threatened Texas. • Analyze how the Louisiana Purchase affected Texas.
SECTION 2: Disputes with the United States SPAIN’S CONTRIBUTION TO THE REVOLUTION AND ITS THREAT TO TEXAS • Joined the fight against Great Britain • Spanish Governor, Bernardo de Galvez, participated in the war • New nation threatened Spanish control in Louisiana and Texas
SECTION 2: Disputes with the United States THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE AND TEXAS • Doubled the size of the U.S. territory • U.S. now bordered New Spain
SECTION 3: Unrest and Revolution OBJECTIVES • Explain how Philip Nolan affected events in Texas. • Analyze what the Gutierrez-Magee expedition achieved. • Describe the filibuster activity that occurred along the Gulf.
SECTION 3: Unrest and Revolution THE PHILIP NOLAN EXPEDITIONS • Increased Spanish fears of U.S. expansion • Increased Spanish concern over filibusters filibusters – military adventurers who came to Texas from the United States in the early 1800s
SECTION 3: Unrest and Revolution ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE GUTIERREZ-MAGEE EXPEDITION • Captured Nacogdoches and LaBahia • Formed the Republican Army of the North and captured SanAntonio
SECTION 3: Unrest and Revolution FILIBUSTER ACTIVITY ALONG THE GULF • Gutierrez-Magee – captured several Texas cities • Henry Perry – unsuccessfully attacked La Bahia • James Long – unsuccessfully attacked Texas twice
SECTION 4: Spanish Rule Ends in Mexico OBJECTIVES • Analyze how the Mexican War of Independence affected Texas. • Describe what life was like in Texas under Mexican rule.
SECTION 4: Spanish Rule Ends in Mexico THE MEXICAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE AND TEXAS • Made Texas a part of Mexico • Ruined the economy and drained resources • Greatly decreased Tejano population • Led to increased moves to colonize Texas • Worsened American Indian relations in Texas
SECTION 4: Spanish Rule Ends in Mexico LIFE IN TEXAS UNDER MEXICAN RULE • Led to secularization of the Texas missions • Led to a new policy for settling and governing Texas secularization – process of moving from religious to civil control