Chapter 7 Age of Empresarios - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 7 Age of Empresarios

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  1. Chapter 7 Age of Empresarios

  2. Moses Austin • 1821 Moses receives a land grant to bring American settlers to Texas • Living in Louisiana-when it was Spain's- gained a large fortune • Depression hit and he lost his business • Looking for a way to regain fortune asked Governor Martinez to allow him to bring 300 settlers to Texas • Baron de Bastrop helped him secure his grant • Died in 1821 and his son Stephen carried out his plans

  3. Stephen F. Austin carries out his father’s work • SFA was working in New Orleans and left to help his father settle Texas • Along the way learned his father had died • Went to see Governor Martinez along with Erasmo Seguin • Decided region between Brazos and Colorado rivers suitable • Sent proposal to Governor Martinez

  4. Advertising for Colonists • Austin began advertising in newspapers for his 300 families to come to Texas • Each man would get 640 acres, 320 for wife, 160 for each child and 80 for each slave • Special valued persons would get more land..doctors, merchants etc • Surveyed or measured the land to determine boundaries • Settlers would pay Austin 12.5 cents an acre for the surveying • Settlers had to swear an oath of allegiance to Spain and become citizens and become Catholic

  5. Good Land and Low Prices • Austin’s advertising attracted many people • 1821 already 100 settlers were waiting to go to Texas • Andrew Robinson was the first settler to enter the claimed land- town of Washington on the Brazos • 1822 Mexico had won independence from Spain and didn’t recognize Austin’s grant • Austin was going to go to Mexico City

  6. Austin impresses Mexican Leaders • Journey to Mexico City would take over a year • 1823 Mexico passed a colonization law • Land was increased-4605 acres and Austin would get 100,000 acres • Austin was an empresario- land agent who brought setters to an area • 300 families had permission to come

  7. Problems • Settlers left because of drought, waiting for land to be surveyed • Native Americans raided the settlements • Austin raised a militia to stop raids (temporary army)

  8. Men and women of the Old Three Hundred • Old Three Hundred • Settlers had prime choice of land • Most settled along Brazos, Colorado and San Jacinto rivers • Many of the Old Three Hundred were settlers before Austin came to Texas • Jane Long, Aylett Buckner

  9. Capital • San Felipe de Austin new capital • SFA resided here in his dog trot home

  10. Assignment for Chapter 7 • You will record on video a 1 minute Texas advertisement • This advertisement would mimick what SFA would have put in newspapers to attract settlers to Texas. ** you need to research the areas where SFA planned to bring settlers** • We can go outside here at school to record. Or you can do it at home. • Partner up and write a script for approval by me before recording.