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Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) Overview Kyle L. Olsen Asian Regional Aviation Safety Team 19 – 20 November 2008 – Bangkok. Vision - Mission - Goals. Vision

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slide1

Commercial AviationSafety Team (CAST)Overview Kyle L. OlsenAsian Regional Aviation Safety Team19 – 20 November 2008 – Bangkok

vision mission goals
Vision - Mission - Goals

Vision

  • Key aviation stakeholders acting cooperatively to lead the world-wide aviation community to the highest levels of global commercial aviation safety by focusing on the right things.

Mission

  • Enable a continuous improvement framework built on monitoring the effectiveness of implemented actions and modifying actions to achieve the goal.

Goal

  • Reduce the US commercial aviation fatal accident rate 80% by 2007.

And

  • Maintain a continuous reduction in fatality risk in US and International commercial aviation beyond 2007.
slide3

CAST brings key stakeholders to cooperatively develop & implement a prioritized safety agenda

Industry

Government

AIA

Airbus

ALPA

APA

ATA

IFALPA

NACA

Boeing

GE*

RAA

FSF

  • DOD
  • FAA
    • Aircraft Certification
    • Flight Standards
    • System Safety
    • Air Traffic Operations
    • Research
  • NASA
  • ICAO**
  • EASA / JAA
  • TCC
  • NATCA**
  • NTSB**

Commercial Aviation

Safety Team

(CAST)

IATA**

AAPA**

ATAC**

APFA**

* Representing P&W and RR

** Observer

slide4

Safer Skies

COMMERCIAL AVIATION

Controlled Flight

GENERAL AVIATION

Into Terrain

CABIN SAFETY

Aeronautical

Loss of Control

Decisionmaking

Passenger Interference

Loss of Control

Uncontained

Engine Failures

Weather

Passenger Seat Belt Use

Runway Incursion

Controlled Flight

Carry-on Baggage

Into Terrain

Approach and

Landing

Child Restraint

Survivability

Weather

Turbulence

Runway Incursions

HUMAN FACTORS

IMPROVED DATA

IN OPERATIONS &

& ANALYSIS

MAINTENANCE

slide5

Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST)

CAST

Joint Safety

Analysis Teams (JSAT)

  • Data analyses
  • Safety enhancement development

Joint Safety

Implementation

Teams (JSIT)

  • Master safety plan
  • Enhancement effectiveness
  • Future areas of study

Joint Implementation Measurement Data Analysis Team (JIMDAT)

general methodology for calculating the potential benefit of a safety enhancing intervention
General Methodology for Calculating the Potential Benefit of a Safety Enhancing Intervention

=

(

)

Accident Risk Reduction

,

Effectiveness

that an intervention has for reducing the accident rate if incorporated

Portion of world fleet

with intervention implemented

example scatter chart
Example Scatter Chart

2007 Implementation & Resources

25

20

Dollars

In

Millions

15

10

Combined Score

5

Combined SOPs

0

0.0

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

10.0

12.0

14.0

16.0

18.0

20.0

Score

cast safety plan
CAST Safety Plan

47 Completed Safety Enhancements

  • Safety Culture
  • Maintenance Procedures
  • Flight Crew Training
  • Air Traffic Controller Training
  • Uncontained Engine Failures
  • Terrain avoidance warning system (TAWS)
  • Standard Operating Procedures
  • Precision Approaches
  • Minimum Safe Altitude Warning (MSAW) Systems
  • Proactive Safety Programs (FOQA + ASAP)
cast safety plan cont
CAST Safety Plan (cont.)

23 Committed Safety Enhancements

  • Policies and Procedures
  • Aircraft Design
  • Flight Crew Training (additional aspects)
  • Runway Incursion Prevention
  • Precision Approaches (additional projects)
  • Icing (additional turboprop projects)
  • Midair
  • Maintenance
  • Cargo safety culture, policies and procedures
  • Runway Safety
slide12

70 Safety Enhancements

47 Complete

23 Underway

23

47

CHANGES from last meeting

2020 Plan Risk Reduction Estimate 74%

slide13

2020 CAST SAFETY PLAN – WORKING SEs

(Total Plan – 70 SE; 47 Complete; 23 Underway)

39

ANM

47

ATO

53

ARA

120

ATA

101R1

AIA

121

ATA

125R1

ATA

133R1

AIA

134R2

AIA

136

ATA

159R1

ATO

127R2

AIR

131R1

ATA

165R3

AFS

172R1

AFS

175R1

ATA

179R1

AFS-1

180

ATS-1

169R1

AFS

170R2

AIA

181R1

ARP

182R1

ATO-1

183R1

AFS-1

SE #

LOOSEC

Action

Needed

ON TRACK

COMPLETED

LATE

LATEOP

IN QUESTION

slide15

Safety Plan Development

Accident

JSITS

Case studies

Accident

JSATS

Case studies

Safety

Enhancements

Recommended

Plan

Revision

Emerging

Risk

Develop

Enhancements

& Metrics

Incident

Analysis

Process

Master

Contributing

Factors

JIMDAT

Review

CAST

Plan

Changing

Risk

Metrics

Performance

To Plan

Review

Non-

Performance

Information

Aviation

System

Changes

Identify

Hazards

Identify

Factors

Yes

Develop

Contributing

Factors

(new or emerging

Present

In Master

Factors

FAST Hazards

No

Demographic

Changes

Identify

Hazards

Identify

Factors

11-5-03 CAST-051R

slide16

Aviation Safety Information Analysis Sharing

ASIAS Activities Summary to the CAST

7 August 2008

asias architecture where we are

ASDE-X Airports

ATL-BDL-CLT-FLL-HOU

IAD-LAX-MCO-MKE-ORD

PVD-SDF-SEA-STL

ASIAS Architecture:Where We Are

FAA ASIAS Data

Enhanced Data Management Tools

Expanded Analytical Tools

DNAA DNFA

ASDE-X

MITRE CRS Data

National Offload Program

Data Fusion

New Airlines

slide20

6. Traffic Procedures

5. Wx

3. Radar Tracks

1. FOQA TAWS Alerts

4. Terrain database

2. MVA

study of remaining risks

Study of Remaining Risks

Joint Implementation Data Analysis Team (JIMDAT)

remaining risk
Remaining Risk
  • Cargo
  • Icing
  • Midair
  • Maintenance
se 165 midair tcas policies and procedures
SE-165 MidairTCAS Policies and Procedures
  • Prevent midair collisions by requiring flightcrews to follow TCAS Resolution Advisories (RA’s), establish procedures for TCAS range setting and requiring that TCAS-capable simulators and flight-training devices are used for training TCAS responses and Maneuvers.
  • SEA AC 018 issued 25 June 2008.
se 164 midair tcas installation
SE-164 MidairTCAS Installation
  • Worldwide installation of TCAS in all aircraft of 33,000 pounds or greater max takeoff weight.
  • ICAO requirement for aircraft of 6,700kg
  • TCAS required in Asia – SE-164 is complete
se 121 cargo standard operating procedures
SE-121 CargoStandard Operating Procedures
  • Reduce cargo-related accidents and incidents by publishing and enforcing clear, concise and accurate standard operating procedures (SOP), and training the rationale behind those procedures
  • Cathay Pacific and AAPA to provide briefing.
  • CAST activity to be complete April 2010
se 125 cargo hazardous materials hazmat
SE-125 CargoHazardous Materials - HazMat
  • Reduce hazmat related accidents and incidents develop and implement by regulators, manufacturers (of packaging material) and shipping companies a multi-tier system to identify and safely process undeclared hazardous material.
  • CAST to provide information after completion in December 2010
se 129 regulation policy compliance enforcement and restricted operations
SE-129 Regulation & PolicyCompliance, Enforcement and Restricted Operations
  • Regulators should improve their legal processes for compliance, enforcement and operational restrictions.
  • FAA Order 2150.3B now contains timeliness goals for completion of an investigation, preparation of the enforcement report and the processing of legal actions.
se 129 regulation policy compliance enforcement and restricted operations continued
SE-129 Regulation & PolicyCompliance, Enforcement and Restricted Operations - continued
  • Also, FAA Order 2150.3B now contains policies and procedures for the grant of immunity from FAA enforcement to persons who provide information about violations to the regulations.
se 131 cargo safety culture
SE-131 CargoSafety Culture
  • Reduce cargo-related accidents and incidents by encouraging a culture that enhances operational safety. Safety culture can be enhanced by a safety management system (SMS).
  • To be covered by SMS
  • CAST activity complete October 2011
se 136 icing training engine surge recovery
SE-136 IcingTraining – Engine Surge Recovery
  • To prevent accidents resulting from an engine surge caused by ice ingestion, airlines should provide adequate training for flight crews to ensure appropriate responses.
  • CAST activity complete April 2009
se 127 cargo fire containment
SE-127 CargoFire Containment
  • To reduce the occurrence of accidents and incidents from cargo fires, improved cargo containers should be developed to contain (or suppress) fires originating in shipped cargo
  • Not applicable for implementation by ARAST.
    • (FEDEX can provide additional information if there is interest.)
cost savings
Cost Savings

Part 121 Aviation Industry Cost Due to Fatal/Hull Loss Accidents

100

Historical cost of accidents per flight cycle

80

Savings ~ $56/Flight Cycle

Or

~ $620 Million Dollars/Year

Dollars/Flt. Cyc

60

73% Risk reduction

40

20

Cost of accident fatalities following implementation of the CAST plan @ 2007 levels

0

2002

2007

cast links to international safety activities
ICAO

COSCAP (Cooperative Development of Operational Safety and Continuing Airworthiness)

Europe

ESSI: European Strategic Safety Initiative

Central and South America

PAAST: Pan American Aviation Safety Team

Africa

African Safety Enhancement Team (ASET)

Asia/Pacific

Association of Asia Pacific Airlines

North America

NAFTA: North American Free Trade Association

Others

CAST Links to International Safety Activities
regional perspective accident rates vary by region of the world
Regional PerspectiveAccident Rates Vary by Region of the World

Western-built transport hull loss accidents, by airline domicile, 1998 through 2007

COSCAP CIS

C.I.S.1

Europe

0.7

ESSI

35 SEs JAA

11 SEs EASA

62% reduction

COSCAP NA, SA, SEA

40 SEs in work

60% reduction

China

0.3

United States

and Canada

0.4

CAST

70 SEs

47 complete

23 in work

74% reduction

Middle East

2.3

Asia

2.1

(Excluding

China)

COSCAP BAG

COSCAP Gulf

Africa

10.0

Latin America

and Caribbean

2.1

Oceania

0.0

ASET

PAAST

CFIT and ALAR

World

1.1

Accidents per

million departures

1 Insufficient fleet experience to generate reliable rate.

cast approach to safety a three stage process
CAST Approach to Safety:A Three Stage Process

Data

Analysis

Implement Safety Enhancements - U.S.

Set Safety

Priorities

Agree on

problems and interventions

Influence Safety Enhancements - Worldwide

Achieve consensus on

priorities

Integrate into existing work and distribute

conclusions
Conclusions
  • CAST brings together all the key players

– Air Carriers – Manufacturers

– Employee Groups – Government

  • Predicted 74% risk reduction by 2020
  • CAST is committed to worldwide participation
  • History shows focused action and introduction of new capabilities have led to large accident rate reductions
cast and gasr
CAST and GASR
  • CAST supports the Global Aviation Safety Roadmap (GASR) as an international strategic plan to promote aviation safety programs, which is complementary to the implementation of appropriate tactical solutions contained in the CAST Safety Plan
coscap history
COSCAP History
  • COSCAP-South East Asia has been working on safety issues for the last seven years.
  • South East Asia Regional Aviation Safety Team (SEARAST):
    • reviews safety recommendations,
    • develops interventions,
    • tracks implementation.
  • Focused primarily on improving safety by reducing accident risk.
global aviation safety roadmap gasr
Global Aviation Safety Roadmap (GASR)
  • Proactive approach to aviation safety
  • Help coordinate and guide safety policies
  • 12 Focus Areas established
    • 4 Focused on States (government)
    • 1 Joint regional responsibilities
    • 8 Focused on industry (operators)
  • The Focus Areas are high level
    • Accident risk reduction not defined or identified
  • Best Practices identified for each Focus Area
12 global safety initiatives
12 Global Safety Initiatives
  • The strategic action plan, ‘Implementation the Global Aviation Safety Roadmap’ defines:
    • Focus Areas.
    • Objective of each Focus Area.
    • Best Practices for each Focus Area.
    • Metrics for each Best Practices.
metrics
Metrics
  • In many instances the metrics link with:
    • ICAO USOAP audit results used when related to States.
    • IATA ISOA audit results used when related to industry.
    • ICAO Annexes, SARPS, Documents, etc.
  • Prior Roadmap Workshops have developed an implementation tool.
example from focus area 1 international standards
Example from Focus Area 1, International Standards

Best Practices, Metrics and Implementation

example from focus area 9 inconsistent adoption of industry best practices
Example from Focus Area 9, Inconsistent Adoption of Industry Best Practices

Best Practices, Metrics and Implementation

example from focus area 5 inconsistent coordination of regional programs
Example from Focus Area 5, Inconsistent Coordination of Regional Programs

Best Practices, Metrics and Implementation

benefits of an evaluation
Benefits of an Evaluation
  • Help maintain perspective between:
    • Current Safety Team activity,
    • USOAP audit results and actions,
    • IOSA audit results and actions, and
    • GASR Focus Areas
  • Help to focus on priorities reducing risk
  • Identify and avoid duplication
    • Ongoing activity and efforts
    • Teams
possible duplication
Possible Duplication
  • USOAP Programme, DP3
  • SEARAST recommendations, actions and implementation, DP5
  • Safety Management Systems (SMS), DP6
  • Incident and Accident Investigation
  • Creation of an additional safety team