Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

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  1. Nicole Kim PyotrIlyich Tchaikovsky

  2. PyotrIlyich Tchaikovsky • Russian composer of Romantic era (1800-1910) • Symphonies, operas, ballets, instrumental and chamber music, songs • Ballets: The Nutcracker, Sleeping Beauty, Swan Lake • Quintessential 19th century Russian Romantic • “A modern music lord“ • Admired by all strata of society

  3. Biography: Childhood • Born on May 7, 1840 in Votkinsk in Viatka Province • Son of a successful engineer • Early interest in music • Death of mother, age 14

  4. Biography: Introduction to Music • Attended law school in St. Petersburg • Took miserable job as clerk • Met Anton and Nikolai Rubinstein (brothers) • Second to Franz Liszt • Opened Russia's first conservatory • Sponsorship of the Imperial Russian Music Society • First composition student

  5. Early Works • “Well made but not memorable” • Forced to support self through earnings from conservatory • Began to establish distinguished style • Communication between Tchaikovsky, Rubinsteins and “Mighty Five” • Ballet: Swan Lake (1876)

  6. Failed Marriage • Social view on homosexuality • Married AntoninaMiliukovain 1877 • Became mentally ill and died in 1917 • Rejected by Peter, criticized by brother • Within a few weeks he had fled Moscow

  7. Nadezhda von Meck • Wealthy widow who served as financial and moral support • Exchanged over 1,000 letters (1877-1890) • Never met in person • Financial and health issues • Abrupt break • Dedicated Symphony n. 4

  8. Later Life • Country retreat in Klin near Moscow • Died in Saint Petersburg on November 6, 1893 • Illness? Suicide? Drugs and alcohol?

  9. Crime and Punishment • Raw emotional expression • “They both force the reader to experience those feelings”

  10. The Nutcracker: Snowflakes • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DBeUxXSNiFc&feature=related • The Nutcracker: Sugar Plum Fairy • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b9nn6BcoRYo • Sleeping Beauty • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-sU4mgkGtrs