What is a verbal? • A verbal is a word that looks like a verb, but does not act like a verb. • A verbal is a part of speech other than a verb (noun, adjective, adverb)
Types of Verbals • Participles • Infinitives • Gerunds
Today’s Verbal: Participles • Look like verbs in the past or present tense, but are actually adjectives. • Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns, so participles modify nouns and pronouns.
Participle Examples: The hunted deer The peeking kid
Types of Participles Past Present • Past participles end in –ed or –en. • Example: The forgottenboy cried until his parents came back. • Forgotten describes boy. • Present participles end in –ing. • The runningjaguar captured its prey. • Running describes jaguar.
Participial phrases • Participles may have multiple words attached to them to help modify a noun. • Strolling slowly, the couple enjoyed their walk in the park. • Hunted for its tusks, elephants are killed with most of their bodies left to rot by poachers.
Summary Questions • What is a verbal? • What part of speech is a participle? • What do participles modify? • What do participial endings look like?