The Newspaper Instructor: Jonathan Watts
Newspaper! • Today we will talk about The Newspaper • Introduction to American and British newspapers • Editing and style of a newspaper • The front page of a newspaper • Look at examples
Review from last week • What are the 6 elements of news? • Who, What, Where, When, Why and How • What are the 6 elements of news value? • Timeliness, Proximity, Conflict, Eminence, Consequence, Human Interest
Review from last week • Other aspects of news value • Instincts of Reporters and Editors • Audience of the medium • How much space is available • How much news is there • Philosophy of publication • Pressure from publishers and advertisers • Desire for news mix or balance • Competition
Review from last week • What is a news agency? • Organizations that collect, transmit, and distribute news to newspapers, periodicals, television, radio, and other journalistic and mass communications media. • Give me an example of at least three news agencies. • AP (Associated Press) • Reuters • Xinhua
Review from last week • What is the difference between a Libel and Slander? • Libel is something written down that is a lie • Slander is a spoken lie • What are Ethics?
Review from last week • Ethics • Ethics are the ability that a person has to decided what is right and wrong, what is good and bad, etc, but then also the responsibility to then do the right thing. • Having ethics is not just something you think about, it also includes actually choosing the correct option
Review from last week • Code of Ethics • Responsibility (It is a high trust to give the public good and accurate news stories) • Freedom of the Press (a right guaranteed by the First Amendment to the US Constitution.) • Freedom of speech (The publics right to know the truth) • Accuracy and Objectivity (nothing but the truth)
Remember your homework assignment from last week? -Read one English article. -Find the Who, What, Where, When, Why and How. -Rewrite the article in YOUR words. -Write a paragraph on your thoughts about the article.
Lets talk about your homework! This is going to be your homework weekly. Always make sure you are prepared. Every week I will ask for volunteers to read their stories and their thoughts to the class. It will be completely random, so always be prepared. Today I will ask for volunteers to present their article in front of the class. If you don't volunteer, I will chose you randomly today.
Idioms Do you remember what an Idiom is? Commonly used phrases or sayings that do not make a lot of sense unless they are explained.
Last weeks Idioms A penny for your thoughts – what is on your mind? Add insult to injury – to make a bad situation worse A hot potato – Something that is a hot topic (current hard news) Once in a blue moon – it does not happen very often. It only happens sometimes.
This weeks Idioms To turn a blind eye -this means to ignore something and let it happen, even if it is not a good thing. To scratch someones back -to offer your help to someone with the idea that they will in turn help you when it is needed. To let the cat out of the bag -to give away or tell a secret
The Newspaper! In this medium, papers are issued daily or weekly (on a set schedule). -The main function of the newspaper is to report current news (what is happening now).
The Newspaper! There are two kinds of news terms that are commonly used 1. “Hard news” – what’s happening now. 2. “Soft news” – informs and/or entertains, e.g. commentary, advocacy, special information and advice, comic strips, cartoons, serialized books, advice letters/answers.
Soft News • The newspaper is a one-stop shop for news articles. Aside from the daily headlines, it also includes articles of lighter human interest. • Items under the entertainment and society section are the most common examples of soft news.
Soft News • There are two types of newspapers—the standard newspaper and the tabloid. • Standard newspapers usually have an entire section of their newspaper dedicated to soft news. • A tabloid is almost entirely soft news.
Hard News • Hard news is the coverage of breaking events(things that are happening right now) involving top leaders, major issues, or large disruptions in the order of daily life, such as an earthquake or airline disaster. • Hard news usually appears on the front page
Newspaper All newspaper companies depend on ads (advertisement) for money. Despite movies, radio, TV, internet, etc., newspapers are still a major source of information.
Newspaper In developed countries, many would say we get as much or more of our information from TV. Internet websites are also growing as a major source, though many of the sites are those of newspapers.
Top Newspapers in the West (2012) • New York Times USA • The Guardian UK • The Daily Mail UK • The Wall Street Journal USA • The Washington Post USA • The Daily Telegraph UK • USA Today USA • Los Angeles Times USA • The Examiner USA • The Independent UK
The top Chinese Newspapers today • Reference News (参考消息) • People's Daily (人民日报) • Guangzhou Daily (广州日报) • Yangtse Evening News (扬子晚报) • Qilu Evening News (齐鲁晚报) • Information Times (信息时报) • Southern Metropolitan Daily (南方都市报) • Global Times (环球时报) • Jinling Evening News (金陵晚报) • West China City News (华西都市报)
The Inverted Pyramid • This refers to the style of journalism which places the most important facts at the beginning and works "down" from there. • Ideally, the first paragraph should contain enough information to give the reader a good overview of the entire story. • This is where you want to use the 6 elements of news
The Front Page • Newspaper front pages fulfill several different functions. They must: • Attract readers (is it appealing?) • Reinforce the newspaper's identity through easily recognizable style features
The Front Page • Determine clearly what the newspaper's attitude is towards the news of the day • Show that this particular edition of the newspaper contains certain stories - hopefully including better coverage of main stories than any other newspaper
The Front Page • What is the headline of an article? • The heading or caption of an article • A phrase at the top of a newspaper or magazine article indicating the subject of the article, usually in larger and heavier type • A line at the top of a page indicating the title, page number, etc.
How to create a front page • You will need at least these four things to create a good front page: • Great photo • Lead story • Small art • Anchor
How to create a front page • Great photo: Make sure you have a photo or graphic that is clearly your main art. Many people think it should have to do with your lead story but it is not a necessity. You want to be positive that you have a large piece of art of photograph somewhere in the top half of the page.
How to create a front page • Lead story: You need a top story. It should be the best hard hitting news article of the day or the week. It doesn't need to stretch across the entire width of the front page, but it should have a bigger headline and take up a good amount of space on your page. Often time, your photo/art will go with the story.
How to create a front page • Small art: Unless it takes up almost all of the top half of the page, you should have another piece of smaller art or a photograph on the bottom half of the page. It can be a mugshot(picture of a persons face) or just a small picture that goes with a story.
How to create a front page • Anchor: An anchor is a story that runs across the whole bottom of the page. It doesn't have to be tall, but it should go from end to end. This helps make the page more aesthetically pleasing. • Aesthetic means 'looking beautiful' • You would not use this to describe a person
IT'S YOUR TURN! • Get into groups of 4-5 students • In this group, you will create your own newspaper • Using the things you learned today, create a front page, with photos and stories • Use your newspaper articles from your homework • Think of a creative newspaper name and headlines for your stories • You will turn this in for a grade. Write your names on the back of the paper.
Remember when you are writing your stories to use the Inverted Pyramid!!
Don't forget to do your homework! Read and article Find the 6 news elements Rewrite the story with that information in your OWN words Write a paragraph telling us what you learned from the article Be prepared to share this article in the next class Read Lessons 5-7 in your book (pgs 44-84)
Quiz next week Next week we will have a quiz covering everything we have learned so far. Know your elements of news and news value. Know some Idioms Know some of our terms and idioms Good luck!
A website I want you to get familiar with for news articles both new and old: Newseum.org This is a GREAT source for you. Don't forget our class website either: jonathanwattssias.weebly.com