therapy and change
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Therapy and Change

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

Therapy and Change - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 91 Views
  • Uploaded on

Therapy and Change. Chapter 17. Therapy. Psychotherapy an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties Eclectic Approach

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Therapy and Change' - shafira-sears


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
therapy
Therapy
  • Psychotherapy
    • an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties
  • Eclectic Approach
    • an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client’s problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy
psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysis
  • Psychoanalysis
    • Freud believed the patient’s free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences – and the therapist’s interpretations of them – released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight
    • use has rapidly decreased in recent years
  • Resistance
    • blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material
free association
Free Association
  • School of thought: Psychoanalysis (psychoanalysis is long term – it takes years)
  • During session the client says whatever comes to mind (no filter)
  • Goal – unconscious feels to become conscious
  • Resistance – “drawing a blank,” can’t think of what to say; analyst finds anxieties here
dream analysis
Dream Analysis
  • School of Thought: Psychoanalysis
  • Finding unconscious thoughts through dreams
  • Manifest content – what you remember about your dream
  • Latent content – hidden meaning of dream (symbolic)
  • www.dreammoods.com
be careful of
Be careful of:
  • Transference – the client feeling toward a therapist in the way that he/she feels about an important figure in his/her life
  • Countertransference – the therapist feeling toward a client in the way that he/she feels about an important figure in his/her life
client centered therapy
Client-Centered Therapy
  • School of Thought: Humanist (self-actualization)
  • Nondirective therapy – the client decides what should be discussed and what direction therapy should go through:

- Active listening – restating what had been said

- Unconditional Positive Regard – acceptance no matter what

behavior therapy
Behavior Therapy
  • Behavior Therapy
    • therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
  • Counterconditioning
    • procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors
    • based on classical conditioning
    • includes systematic desensitization and aversive conditioning
counterconditioning
Counterconditioning
  • Systematic desensitization – Step by step process to overcome fearEx. Fear of spiders

1. Look at picture of spider.

2. See spider on TV.

3. See spider (in a cage).

4. Touch spider while someone else holds it.

5. Hold spider.

    • Works well with OCD too
  • Aversive Conditioning
    • type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior
    • nausea ---> alcohol
aversive conditioning
Aversive Conditioning
  • type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior
  • nausea ---> alcohol
token economy
Token Economy
  • an operant conditioning procedure that rewards desired behavior
  • patient exchanges a token of some sort, earned for exhibiting the desired behavior, for various privileges or treats

(Autism/Asperger’s)

cognitive therapy
Cognitive Therapy
  • teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting
  • based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
rational emotive therapy
Rational – Emotive Therapy
  • Goal is to correct false and self-defeating beliefs
  • Techniques: role playing, humor, ABC method (Activating event, Belief, Consequent Emotion – goal is to change B)
cognitive behavior therapy
Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
  • Changing behavior by changing the way the client looks at the current situation
  • Emphasis on setting goals and positive thoughts
  • Basically a combination of Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Therapy (most common form of therapy)
family therapy
Family Therapy
  • Index person – the one who brings everyone to therapy
  • Designed to help increase communication amongst family members so that issues can be resolved in a fair way
group therapy
Group Therapy
  • Group members work together with people who are struggling with the same issues
  • Advantage – group leaders can help more people
  • Disadvantage – less one on one time (if any)
  • Self-Help Groups – more specific type of group therapy with a professional therapist leading the group (Ex. AA)
drug therapy
Drug Therapy
  • School of Thought: Biological
  • Antipsychotics – medication to reduce hallucinations, delusions, etc (blocks dopamine)
  • Antidepressants – used to regulate neurotransmitters to decrease depression
  • Lithium – used to reduce symptoms of bipolar disorder
  • Antianxiety drugs – regulates neurotransmitters to reduce anxiety (many antidepressants are used for anxiety patients)
electroconvulsive therapy
Electroconvulsive Therapy
  • School of Thought: Biological
  • Brief shocks into brain to treat manic episodes, severe depression, and some types of schizophrenia
psychosurgery
Psychosurgery
  • School of Thought: Biological
  • Very rare (less than 200 done in 1997)
  • Patients who are very violent, have extreme depression or schizophrenia may receive a lobotomy (destroying frontal lobe)
  • This takes away the inability to plan, making the patient less threatening, but also less able to function
therapists and their training
Therapists and Their Training
  • Clinical psychologists
    • Most are psychologists with a Ph.D. and expertise in research, assessment, and therapy, supplemented by a supervised internship
    • About half work in agencies and institutions, half in private practice
therapists and their training1
Therapists and Their Training
  • Clinical or Psychiatric Social Worker
    • A two-year Master of Social Work graduate program plus postgraduate supervision prepares some social workers to offer psychotherapy, mostly to people with everyday personal and family problems
    • About half have earned the National Association of Social Workers’ designation of clinical social worker
therapists and their training2
Therapists and Their Training
  • Counselors
    • Marriage and family counselors specialize in problems arising from family relations
    • Pastoral counselors provide counseling to countless people
    • Abuse counselors work with substance abusers and with spouse and child abusers and their victims
therapists and their training3
Therapists and Their Training
  • Psychiatrists
    • Physicians who specialize in the treatment of psychological disorders
    • Not all psychiatrists have had extensive training in psychotherapy, but as M.D.s they can prescribe medications. Thus, they tend to see those with the most serious problems
    • Many have a private practice
ad