AP Human Geography Week #8. Fall 2013
AP Human Geography 10/21/13http://mrmilewski.com • OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate mastery of Chapter#3-Migration. APHugII-C • I. Administrative Stuff -Attendance -Test Directions • II. Chapter#3 Test • III. Journal#23 -Chapter#4 Vocabulary • Homework: Read p.110-116
1.) Culture • The sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society. (hundreds of others exist) • Examples- French Culture, American Culture, British Culture, etc… http://webpages.scu.edu/ftp/mawong/modelminority/Images/CultureClash-X.gif
2.) Pop Culture • Popular Culture – Cultural traits such as the dress, diet and music that identify and are part of today’s changeable, urban-based, media-influenced western societies. • Example - MTV http://www.eonline.com/eol_images/Entire_Site/201103/300.jersey.lr.010311.jpg
3.) Local Culture • Group of people in a particular place who see themselves as a collective or community, who share experiences, customs, and traits, and work to preserve those traits and customs in order to claim uniqueness and to distinguish themselves from others. • Examples- Frankenmuth http://media-cdn.tripadvisor.com/media/photo-s/01/d3/cc/34/frankenmuth-hosts-river.jpg
4.) Material Culture • The things a group of people construct, such as art, houses, clothing, sports, dance, and food. • Example: http://proteus.brown.edu/ryzewski/4909
5.) Hearth • The area where an idea or cultural trait originates. • Example- Crocs & Soccer • Gangnam Style http://www.valpo.edu/geomet/pics/geo200/culture/hearths.gif
6.) Commodification • The process through which something is given monetary value. Occurs when a good or an idea that previously not regarded as an object to be bought and sold is turned into something of value in a market economy. • Example - Tebowing http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_76cnbpnGAq8/SNteeWGuBgI/AAAAAAAADO8/JG2nm1GmBvY/s400/babyads.jpg http://a0.twimg.com/profile_images/1927978506/Jets_Colors_Classic_Tebowing_Shirt___Tebowing-2.jpg
7.) Authenticity • In the context of local cultures or customs, the accuracy with which a single stereotypical or typecast image or experience conveys an otherwise dynamic and complex local culture or its customs. • Example: Lafayette v. American Coney http://www.fancymag.com/images/coneyisland01.jpg
8.) Placelessness • Every place looks like the next. Loss of uniqueness. • Example – Look anywhere in America Rossville, Minnesota-a suburb of St. Paul-it could be anywhere in the US
9.) Nonmaterial Culture • The beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people. • Examples-religion, language, traditions & customs Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Catholic Church Wyandotte, MI
10.) Assimilation • The process through which people lose original traits (dress, speech, mannerisms) when they come in contact with another society or culture. • Example: Americanization http://rlv.zcache.com/assimilate_posters-r0a381d5108204a4bbc81bee399938399_2ixs_8byvr_512.jpg
AP Human Geography 10/22/13http://mrmilewski.com • OBJECTIVE: Continue examination of culture. APHugIII-A.1 • I. Journal#24 pt.A -Watch the following: -American Hand Gestures in Different Cultures -Gestures, meanings and cultures • II. Quiz#13 • III. Return of Chapter#3 Test • III. Journal#24 pt.B -notes on culture • Homework: Read p.117-124 • NOTICE: Midterm Exam Monday! (Oct 28th)
Cultural Systems • What we eat, when we eat and how we eat is an example of cultural differences • Some Asian cultures eat with the right hand, East Asian cultures use chopsticks, Western cultures use knife, fork and a spoon. • Certain foods are considered delicacies by some cultures, unclean and unfit for consumption by others. E.g. shrimp, snails, worms, insects, etc. • Voice-tone and level are very culturally specific. • Body gestures-Japanese bowing, Western shaking hands, tipping of the hat • Various marriage customs-intermarriage is accepted in some societies, but not others
Habit-a repetitive act by an individual. • Custom-when an entire group does it. • Tradition-the same as a custom-the term implies longevity. • Folk culture-the enduring, traditional practices of a people. • Popular culture-the rapidly changing tastes and customs of a group.
Folk or Local Culture A group of people in a particular place who see themselves as a collective or a community, who share experiences, customs, and traits, and who work to preserve those traits and customs in order to claim uniqueness and to distinguish themselves from others.
Hutterite Colonies in North America The Hutterites are an example of a local culture. Hutterites are the only Anabaptist group that lives communally in a colony of about 100 people. Unlike the Amish, the Hutterites readily accept technologies that help in agriculture.
Why are Hutterite colonies located where they are?
Popular Culture A wide-ranging group of heterogeneous people, who stretch across identities and across the world, and who embrace cultural traits such as music, dance, clothing, and food preference that change frequently and are ubiquitous on the cultural landscape. Madonna wearing a red string Kabbalah bracelet.
AP Human Geography 10/23/13http://mrmilewski.com • OBJECTIVE: Continue examination of culture. APHugIII-A.1 • I. Journal#25pt.A -Watch the following: -Growth, Cities, & Immigration: Crash Course US History#25 • II. Journal#25pt.B -Practice FRQ’s 1.)2010 FRQ#3Answer 2.)2008 FRQ#2Answer • Homework: Read p.125-130 • NOTICE: Midterm Exam Monday October 28th
AP Human Geography 10/24/13http://mrmilewski.com • OBJECTIVE: Examine the history of Halloween. APHugIII-A.1 • I. Administrative Stuff -Attendance • II. Film: The Haunted History of Halloween -questions on The Haunted History of Halloween • REMINDER: Midterm Exam Monday!
AP Human Geography 10/25/13http://mrmilewski.com • OBJECTIVE:Examination the culture of fashion. APHugIII-A.1 • I. Administrative Stuff -attendance & guest speaker directions • II. Journal#26 -notes on fashion & notes on guest speaker • Homework: Read p.131-138 • NOTICE: Midterm Exam Monday!
Distance Decay v. Time-Space Compression • With Distance Decay, the likelihood of diffusion decreases as time and distance from the hearth increases. • With Time-Space Compression, the likelihood of diffusion depends upon the connectedness among places. • Which applies more to popular culture?
How are hearths of popular culture traits established? • Typically begins with an idea/good and contagious diffusion. • Companies can create/manufacture popular culture. (ie. MTV) • Individuals can create/manufacture popular culture. (ie. Tony Hawk)-video games involving extreme sports popularized skateboarding and other sports.
Guiding Questions 1.) Why are popular culture traits usually diffused hierarchically? 2.) How is fashion in popular culture an example of hierarchical diffusion?