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The Kremlin

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  1. Founded in 1147 by Prince YuryDolgoruky • City anniversary is September 4th • Population of 10,409,200 (within the city area) • Located in the capital of Russia and the center of Moscow • It is known as the “heart of the country’s political life, culture and history” • Most of the buildings were created in the 11th century. • Patron Saint is Saint George • More than 20 buildings with in the Moscow Kremlin. • The Kremlin wall is 2 km and 200 m long & it is 5m high. The Kremlin

  2. The Kremlin’s main function was to defend the population from enemies • Kremlin was rebuilt many times • Kremlin was first built by wooden walls then • Kremlin walls were then replaced by thick oak logs by Ivan Kalita. • In the reign of DmityDonscoy the Kremlin was the mightiest fortresses in Europe The Kremlin Continued…

  3. Great Kremlin Palace • Terem Palace • Poteshny Palace • Senate Building • The Arsenal • State Kremlin Palace • Faceted Chamber • The Armory • Tsar Cannon • Tsar Bell • Cathedral of the Annunciation • Cathedral of the Assumption • Cathedral of the Archangel • Church of the Deposition of the Robe • Ivan the Great Bell Tower • Cathedral of the 12 Apostles • Church of the Nativity Palaces, Buildings, Churches, Cathedrals

  4. Saviour’s Tower • Tsar’s Tower • Alarm Tower • Konstantion-Yeleninskaya Tower • Beklemishevskaya Tower • Peter’s Tower • Nameless Tower • Secret Tower • Annunciation Tower • Water Pump Tower • Borovitskaya Tower • Armoury Tower • Commandant’s Tower • Trinity Tower • Kutafya Tower • Middle Arsenal Tower • Corner Arsenal Tower • St. Nicholas Tower • Senate Tower Towers

  5. Sobornaya Square • Ivanovskaya Square • Red Square Squares

  6. New Year’s Day – January 1,2 • Christmas Day – January 7 • Defender of the Fatherland Day – February 23 • International Women’s Day – March 8 • Labor Day/ May Day – May 1, 2 • Victory Day – May 9 • Independence Day – June 12 • Day of Accord and Reconciliation – November 7 • Constitution Day – December 12 Public Holidays

  7. Great Kremlin Palace The Arsenal Built in 1702 by Peter the Great. Finished in 1736 Once again finished in 1796. 1812 destroyed Reconstructed in 1828 Military Store & Museum of armaments. Now used as a barracks • Built in 1849 by Konstantin Ton • Residence of the Russian Tsar • Connected to the Terem Palace, Tsaritsina’s Golden Chamber, Faceted Palace & the Armory • 700 rooms Main Kremlin Buildings

  8. The Cathedral of the Assumption The Church of the Nativity Built from the 14th to 17th century by Aleviz Novi. There were 11 of them, but only 6 remain. Oldest of these churches. Many famous icon paintings within by FeofanGrek in 1395 • Oldest church within the Kremlin • Most important in Russian Orthodox Church • Transferred here in 1326 from Vladimir • Concecrated in 1479 by Metropolitan Geronty • Iconostasis were from 1652 Main Kremlin Churches

  9. Spasskaya Tower Troitskaya Tower Built in 1495 by Pietro Antonio 80 m high, tallest tower. Second important Tower A prison underneath Originally called Bogoyaclenskaya • Built in 1491 by Pietro Antonio • Main Entrance • Symbol of respect & reverence • 71 m high • Famous for its chimes • First clock appeared in the 17th century • About 100 years old • Another entrance known as the Konstantion –Yeleninskaya Tower Main Kremlin Towers

  10. Sobornaya (Cathedral) Square IvanovskayaSquare Named after the pillar of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower. Biggest Kremlin square. The site of the Prikazy (offices) Public announcements happen here. • Lies in the center of the Kremlin • The squares name relates to the church that stands there. • The square has white paving stones, restored in 1955 • Stage to official parades Main Kremlin Squares

  11. http://www.kreml.ru/en/exhibition/Kremlin/ • http://www.kreml.ru/en/collection/preamble/ • http://archive.kremlin.ru/eng/articles/history_00.shtml • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-21041399 • http://englishrussia.com/2009/07/07/some-facts-on-the-kremlin/ • http://www.moscow.info/kremlin/palaces/index.aspx • http://www.airpano.ru/files/Moscow-Over-the-Kremlin/2-2 • http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/545 • http://www.world-guides.com/europe/russia/central-federal-district/moscow/moscow_events.html • http://www.moscow.info/kremlin/palaces/index.aspx Work Cited Page